Scindapsus

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Scindapsus
Scindapsus pictus 01.jpg
Scindapsus pictus var. argyreus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Alismatales
Family: Araceae
Subfamily: Monsteroideae
Tribe: Monstereae
Genus: Scindapsus
Schott
Synonyms[1]

Cuscuaria Schott

Scindapsus is a genus of flowering plants in the Araceae family. It is native to Southeast Asia, New Guinea, Queensland, and a few western Pacific islands.[1][2][3]

Scindapsus is not easily distinguishable from Epipremnum. The main difference between the two genera is in the number of seeds they produce. Scindapsus species have one ovule in each ovary whereas Epipremnum species have a few. The seeds of Scindapsus are rounded to slightly kidney-shaped. The plants are primarily root climbing vines.[4]

History of the name[edit]

Claudius Aelianus (Aelian, 2-3 cc., De Natura Animalium XII.44-46, XVII.18), uses the word in relation to an Indian musical instrument used for taming the wild elephants.[5]

Species[edit]

  1. Scindapsus alpinus Alderw. - Sumatra
  2. Scindapsus altissimus Alderw. - Queensland, New Guinea, Solomon Islands
  3. Scindapsus beccarii Engl. - Sumatra, Borneo, Peninsular Malaysia
  4. Scindapsus carolinensis Hosok. - Chuuk Islands in Micronesia
  5. Scindapsus coriaceus Engl. - Borneo
  6. Scindapsus crassipes Engl. - Borneo
  7. Scindapsus curranii Engl. & K.Krause - Sabah, Philippines
  8. Scindapsus cuscuaria (Aubl.) C.Presl - Nicobar Islands, Philippines, Maluku, Java
  9. Scindapsus cuscuarioides Engl. & K.Krause - New Guinea
  10. Scindapsus falcifolius Engl. - Sulawesi
  11. Scindapsus geniculatus Engl. - Sarawak
  12. Scindapsus glaucescens (Engl. & K.Krause) Alderw. - Borneo
  13. Scindapsus grandifolius Engl. - described 1898 from material cultivated at botanical garden in Bogor; probably now extinct
  14. Scindapsus hederaceus Miq. - Indochina, Borneo, Java, Sumatra, Philippines
  15. Scindapsus javanicus Alderw. - Java
  16. Scindapsus latifolius M.Hotta - Borneo
  17. Scindapsus longipes Engl. - Brunei, Sarawak
  18. Scindapsus longistipitatus Merr. - Borneo
  19. Scindapsus lucens Bogner & P.C.Boyce - Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia
  20. Scindapsus maclurei (Merr.) Merr. & F.P.Metcalf - Hainan, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand
  21. Scindapsus mamilliferus Alderw. - Borneo
  22. Scindapsus marantifolius Miq. - Java
  23. Scindapsus officinalis (Roxb.) Schott - India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Assam, Nepal, Andaman Islands, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam
  24. Scindapsus perakensis Hook.f. - Bangladesh, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Java, Sumatra
  25. Scindapsus pictus Hassk. - Bangladesh, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Java, Sumatra, Sulawesi, Philippines
  26. Scindapsus roseus Alderw. - Sumatra
  27. Scindapsus rupestris Ridl. - Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Sumatra
  28. Scindapsus salomoniensis Engl. & K.Krause - Solomon Islands
  29. Scindapsus schlechteri K.Krause - Papua New Guinea
  30. Scindapsus scortechinii Hook.f. - Bangladesh, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia
  31. Scindapsus splendidus Alderw. - Sumatra
  32. Scindapsus subcordatus Engl. & K.Krause - Papua New Guinea
  33. Scindapsus suffruticosus Alderw. - Sumatra
  34. Scindapsus sumatranus (Schott) P.C.Boyce & A.Hay - Sumatra
  35. Scindapsus treubii Engl. - Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Java

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected plant Families
  2. ^ Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  3. ^ Mansor, M., Boyce, P.C., Othman, A.S. & Sulaiman, B. (2012). The Araceae of peninsular Malaysia: 1-146. Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia.
  4. ^ Flora of China Vol. 23 Page 15, 藤芋属 teng yu shu, Scindapsus Schott in Schott & Endlicher, Melet. Bot. 21. 1832.
  5. ^ Bown, Deni (2000). Aroids: Plants of the Arum Family [ILLUSTRATED]. Timber Press. ISBN 0-88192-485-7