Scipione l'africano (1937) — in English Scipio Africanus: The Defeat of Hannibal — is an Italian historical film that focuses on Publius Cornelius Scipio (Scipio Africanus) from the time of his election as dictator until his defeat of Hannibal at the Battle of Zama in 202 BC. It was directed by Carmine Gallone and stars Annibale Ninchi and Camillo Pilotto. The film was funded by Benito Mussolini and was released in 1937, serving as propaganda for the fascist ambitions to invade North Africa.
A division of the Italian army was used as extras in the film, shortly before being transferred to duty in the Spanish Civil War 
- ^ Coverdale, John F. (1975). Italian Intervention in the Spanish Civil War. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. p. 183.