Scirpus cyperinus

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Scirpus cyperinus
Scirpus cyperinus.jpg
Conservation status

Secure (NatureServe)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Cyperaceae
Genus: Scirpus
Species: S. cyperinus
Binomial name
Scirpus cyperinus
(L.) Kunth

Scirpus cyperinus, commonly known as woolgrass, is a herbaceous emergent that is native to the eastern United States and eastern Canada.[1] Other common names include cottongrass bulrush[2] and brown woolly sedge.[3]

This sedge is very variable in appearance. In general, it produces short, tough rhizomes and grows in dense clumps. The fertile stems grow upright. There are five to ten leaves per stem. They are up to 80 centimeters long by 1 centimeter wide. The proximal ones have green or reddish sheaths. The inflorescence has upright or spreading branches bearing cymes of up to 15 spikelets each. The spikelet is cylindrical or oval and measures up to 0.8 centimeters in length. It is covered in reddish, brownish, or black scales. The flowers have six long bristles each, making the inflorescence look woolly.[1]

This plant grows in many types of wet habitat, such as marshes and ponds. It can be found in disturbed habitat, such as ditches.[1]

This plant often hybridizes with its relatives Scirpus atrocinctus and S. pedicellatus.[1]

Native Americans used this plant for a number of purposes. The Ojibwa people used it to make bags and mats, and the Potawatomi people used it to stuff pillows.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Peter W. Ball, A. A. Reznicek & David F. Murray (2002). "Scirpus cyperinus (Linnaeus) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2: 170. 1837". Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Cyperaceae. Flora of North America North of Mexico 23. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-515207-4. 
  2. ^ Scirpus cyperinus. NatureServe.
  3. ^ Scirpus cyperinus. Washington Burke Museum.
  4. ^ Scirpus cyperinus. University of Michigan Ethnobotany.