Scissurellidae

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Scissurellidae
Temporal range: Upper Cretaceous–Recent
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Superphylum: Lophotrochozoa
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Clade: Vetigastropoda
Superfamily: Scissurelloidea
Family: Scissurellidae
Gray, 1847
Genera

See text

Synonyms[1]
  • Anatomidae
  • Larocheidae

Scissurellidae, sometimes known by the common name little slit snails, are a taxonomic family of minute sea snails, marine gastropod molluscs or micromolluscs in the clade Vetigastropoda (according to the taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi, 2005). [1]

The shells of these snails vary in adult size from less than 6 mm to less than 1 mm.

Distribution[edit]

Scissurellids occur world-wide, from the intertidal zone down to the abyssal depths, including around hydrothermal vents.

Taxonomy[edit]

There are about 169 living described species of Scissurellidae, but the diversity of scissurellids is still far from being completely assessed (approximately 60 collected species await description).[2] The monophyly of the family is questionable.[3]

In 2003, there were about twenty-five genera divided into five subfamilies (Scissurellinae, Anatominae, Sutilizoninae, Temnocinclinae, Larocheinae) .[4] Three of these subfamilies were later updated to family level.

According to the taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi, 2005), this family consisted of the two following subfamilies :

  • Scissurellinae Gray, 1847 - synonym: Depressizoninae Geiger, 2003; now accepted with family rank Scissurellidae.
  • Larocheinae Finlay, 1927: now elevated to family rank as Larocheidae.

However Geiger (2009)[5] elevated Depressizoninae to the family rank as Depressizonidae.

Genera[edit]

Genera in the family Scissurellidae include:[6][7][8][9]

Genera brought into synonymy
  • Ariella Bandel, 1998: synonym of Sinezona Finlay, 1926
  • Daizona Bandel, 1998: synonym of Sinezona Finlay, 1926
  • Maxwellella Bandel, 1998: synonym of Scissurella d'Orbigny, 1824
  • Praescissurella Lozouet, 1998: synonym of Scissurella d'Orbigny, 1824
  • Reussella Bandel, 1998: synonym of Scissurella d'Orbigny, 1824
  • Schismope Jeffreys, 1856: synonym of Scissurella d'Orbigny, 1824
  • Scissurona Iredale, 1824: synonym of Incisura Hedley, 1904
  • Temnocinclis - in its own family Sutilizonidae
  • Temnozaga - in its own family Sutilizonidae
  • Woodwardia Crosse & P. Fischer, 1861: synonym of Scissurella d'Orbigny, 1824

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bouchet, P. (2011). Scissurellidae. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=1730 on 2011-05-08
  2. ^ Geiger D. L. (2006). "Eight new species of Scissurellidae and Anatomidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Vetigastropoda) from around the world, with discussion of two new senior synonyms". Zootaxa 1128: 1–33. PDF.
  3. ^ Geiger D. L. & Jansen P. (2004). "New species of Australian Scissurellidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Vetigastropoda) with remarks on Australian and Indo-Malayan species". Zootaxa 714: 1–72. abstract.
  4. ^ Geiger D. L. (2003). "Phylogenetic assessment of characters proposed for the generic classification of Recent Scissurellidae (Gastropoda: Vetigastropoda) with a description of one new genus and six new species from Easter Island and Australia". Molluscan Research 23(1): 21-83. doi:10.1071/MR02017, abstract. PDF.
  5. ^ Geiger D. L.(8 May 2009) "A new species of Depressizona and the family rank of Depressizonidae". Zootaxa 2059: 57-59. abstract, full article.
  6. ^ "Scissurellidae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. 
  7. ^ Powell A. W. B., New Zealand Mollusca, William Collins Publishers Ltd, Auckland, New Zealand 1979 ISBN 0-00-216906-1
  8. ^ Seashells of NSW
  9. ^ [1]
  10. ^ A. Nützel and D. L. Geiger. 2006. A new scissurelloid genus and species (Mollusca, Gastropoda) from the Late Triassic Cassian Formation. Paläontologische Zeitschrift 80(3):277-283
  • Geiger D.L. (2003). Phylogenetic assessment of characters proposed for the generic classification of Recent Scissurellidae (Gastropoda: Vetigastropoda) with a description of one new genus and six new species frop Easter Island and Australia. Molluscan Research 23:21-83
  • Geiger D.L. (2012) Monograph of the little slit shells. Volume 1. Introduction, Scissurellidae. pp. 1-728. Volume 2. Anatomidae, Larocheidae, Depressizonidae, Sutilizonidae, Temnocinclidae. pp. 729-1291. Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History Monographs Number 7.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]