Scolecophidia

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Scolecophidia
Brahminy blind snake,
Ramphotyphlops braminus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Infraorder: Scolecophidia
Cope, 1864
Synonyms
  • Scolecophidia - Cope, 1864[1]
Common names: blind snakes, thread snakes.[2]

The Scolecophidia are an infraorder[2] of snakes. They range in size from 10 to 100 cm in length, but may only be as small as 2 mm. All are fossorial.[3] As of 2007, three families and 12 genera were recognized,[2] but two new families, with three genera, have since been added.[4][5]

Families[edit]

Family[2] Authority[2] Genera[2] Common name[2] Geographic range[1]
Anomalepididae Taylor, 1939 4 Primitive blind snakes Southern Central America and South America
Gerrhopilidae Vidal, Wynn, Donnellan and Hedges, 2010[6] 2 blind snakes India
Leptotyphlopidae Stejneger, 1892 2 Slender blind snakes Africa, western Asia and the Americas
Typhlopidae Merrem, 1820 6 Long-tailed blind snakes Most tropical and many subtropical regions all over the world
Xenotyphlopidae Vidal, Vences, Branch and Hedges, 2010[6] 1 blind snakes Madagascar

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Scolecophidia". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 14 August 2007. 
  3. ^ Scolecophidia at Palaeos. Accessed 21 December 2013.
  4. ^ Marin, Julie, et al. (2013). "Hidden species diversity of Australian burrowing snakes (Ramphotyphlops)". Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 110 (2): 427–441. doi:10.1111/bij.12132. Archived from the original on 21 December 2013. 
  5. ^ Pyron, Robert Alexander; Burbrink, Frank T. and Wiens, John J. (2013). "A phylogeny and revised classification of Squamata, including 4161 species of lizards and snakes". BMC Evolutionary Biology 13 (1): 93–145. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-13-93. PMC 3682911. PMID 23627680. 
  6. ^ a b Vidal, Nicolas, et al. (2010). "Blindsnake evolutionary tree reveals long history on Gondwana". Biology Letters 6. (4): 558–561, page 560. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2010.0220. 

References[edit]