The scoop stretcher (or clamshell, Roberson orthopedic stretcher, or just scoop) is a device used specifically for casualty lifting. It is most frequently used to lift supine patients from the ground, either due to unconsciousness or in order to maintain stability in the case of trauma, especially spinal injury, where it is used as an intermediate step between the ground and a restraining device such as a long spine board or vacuum mattress.
A scoop stretcher has a structure that can be split vertically into two parts, with shaped 'blades' towards the centre which can be brought together underneath a patient. The two halves are placed separately either side of the patient, and then brought together until securing clips at the top and bottom both engage.
Scoop stretchers reduce the chance of undesirable movement of injured areas during transfer of a trauma patient, as they maintain the patient in a supine alignment during transfer to a stretcher, vacuum mattress or long spine board).
The scoop stretcher can be used for patient transport, provided the patient is strapped. But for comfort reasons, it is recommended to transfer the patient to a vacuum mattress instead, in which case the scoop stretcher is put on the transport device and then opened.
The scoop stretcher is part of the origin of the term "stoop and scoop", or "stay and play". "Stoop and scoop" suggests a scenario in which prompt transport to a hospital is demanded, while a situation in which there is time to provide care on scene may be considered a "stay and play" scenario.
- "Scoop Stretcher Application". Prehospital Spinal Care. Emergency Technologies. Retrieved 25 May 2011.