Scorpaena scrofa is the largest eastern Atlantic scorpion fish. Colouration ranges from brick-red to a light pink, and it has dark coloured blotches on its body. It has venomous spines, can achieve a maximum weight of approximately 3 kilograms (6.6 lb). It can grow to a maximum length of 50 centimetres (20 in), but is commonly around 30 cm (12 in).
This species is found in the Mediterranean Sea, but not in the Black Sea. It is also found in the Eastern Atlantic Ocean around the British Isles, although rarely, and in Senegal, the Canary Islands, and in Cape Verde.
Scorpaena scrofa is demersal and lives in marine, and brackish environments with rocky, sandy or muddy bottoms at depths of 200–500 m (660–1,600 ft). By day, it lives in burrows and caves. At night it comes out to hunt.
Scorpaena scrofa is a traditional ingredient in Marseille bouillabaisse.
- Nicolas Bailly (2011). "Scorpaena scrofa Linnaeus, 1758". In Nicolas Bailly. FishBase. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved October 5, 2011.
- "Marine Species Identification Portal : Large-scaled scorpion fish - Scorpaena scrofa". Species-identification.org. Retrieved September 15, 2011.
- "Scorpaena scrofa". Malawicichlidhomepage.com. Retrieved September 15, 2011.
- Greece. "Red Scorpionfish (Scorpaena scrofa) | Archipelago Wildlife Library". Wildlife-archipelago.gr. Retrieved September 15, 2011.