Scotch egg

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Scotch egg
Scotch Egg open.JPG
A supermarket pre-packaged Scotch egg, halved
Place of origin United Kingdom
Main ingredient(s) Hard-boiled egg, sausage, bread crumbs
Home-made Scotch eggs, halved

A Scotch egg consists of a hard-boiled egg wrapped in sausage meat, coated in bread crumbs and baked.


The London department store Fortnum & Mason claims to have invented Scotch eggs in 1738,[1][2] but they may have been inspired by the Moghul dish nargisi kofta ("Narcissus meatballs").[3]

The earliest printed recipe is the 1809 edition of Mrs. Rundell's A New System of Domestic Cookery. Mrs. Rundell—and later 19th-century authors—served them hot, with gravy.[4]


Scotch eggs are usually a picnic food and home-made. In the UK, packaged, plastic-wrapped Scotch eggs are commonly available in supermarkets, corner shops and motorway service stations.

Miniature versions of Scotch eggs are also widely available in British supermarkets, and are sold under the name "savoury eggs", "picnic eggs", "party eggs", "snack eggs", "egg bites" or similar. These contain chopped egg or a quail's egg, rather than a whole chicken egg, and sometimes contain mayonnaise or chopped bacon.

In the United States, many "British-style" pubs and eateries serve fresh-made Scotch eggs. These are usually served hot, with dipping sauces such as ranch dressing, hot sauce, or hot mustard sauce. At the Minnesota State Fair, true to fair tradition, Scotch eggs are served on a stick.[5][dead link] Scotch eggs are available at most Renaissance Festivals from Maryland to Texas.[6][7][8]

In West Africa and Nigeria, some fast-food restaurants offer Scotch eggs alongside their other menu items.

In the Netherlands and Belgium, Scotch eggs may also be called vogelnestje ("little bird's nest") because they contain an egg.

In the Philippines, quail eggs with orange breading are sold as street food dipped in vinegar, sweet and sour sauce or gravy. It is called kwek-kwek or tukneneng. Boiled duck eggs are also sold with orange breading.

In Brazil they are sold in many botecos and called bolovo.

Variations and similar foodstuffs[edit]

Several local variations exist, such as the Manchester egg which uses a pickled egg wrapped in a mixture of pork meat and Lancashire black pudding,[9] and the Worcester Egg, where the egg is first pickled in Worcestershire Sauce and then clad in a mixture of local sausage meat and white pudding.

In the Netherlands a similar snack item called an eierbal is served hot at greasy spoon ("snackbar") type establishments, mostly in the northern and eastern Netherlands.

Brazil also has a dish that is very similar, if not a version, of the Scotch Egg called 'Bolovo'. It also features an egg in the center but the dough does not contain any meat. In fact the dough is the same used in the traditional coxinha and is based on a mix of potatoes and wheat flour.


  1. ^ "Single Hen Scotch Egg". Fortnum & Mason. Retrieved August 22, 2011. 
  2. ^ Glancey, Jonathan (2007-11-05). "A facial at Fortnums? Never!". The Guardian (London). 
  3. ^ Oxford Companion to Food, s.v. kofta and Scotch egg
  4. ^ Oxford Companion to Food, s.v. Scotch egg
  5. ^ "Food Finder". Retrieved 2013-06-12. 
  6. ^ Name (required). "#9: Eat a scotch egg, ride a slide . . . at the Renaissance Festival | 30 things before 30". Retrieved 2013-06-12. 
  7. ^ "The Texas Renaissance Festival’s "Five Bucket" List Delights to Die For | Eat Drink SETX – Southeast Texas Restaurants and Bars – Food – Drink – Event Guide". 2012-11-25. Retrieved 2013-06-12. 
  8. ^ "Amazing Scotch Eggs ~ Don't Wait for a Renaissance Faire!". 2013-03-14. Retrieved 2013-06-12. 
  9. ^ Naylor, Tony (2010-04-29). "A plan is hatched: the Manchester egg". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2010-07-01. 

External links[edit]