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|Adult male white-winged scoter (Melanitta deglandi)|
F. Boie, 1822
(black or American scoter)
They breed in the far north of Europe, Asia and North America, and winter farther south in temperate zones of those continents. They form large flocks on suitable coastal waters. These are tightly packed, and the birds tend to take off together.
Their lined nests are built on the ground close to the sea, lakes or rivers, in woodland or tundra. These species dive for crustaceans and molluscs.
- subgenus Oidemia (black and common scoters)
- subgenus Melanitta (surf, velvet and white-winged scoters)
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