The Commonwealth Games is the only major multi-sport event in which Scottish athletes and teams compete as Scotland; otherwise Scotland participates in multi-sport events as part of a Great Britain team.
Scotland’s most successful Commonwealth medallist is shooter Alister Allan, with 3 Gold, 3 Silver and 4 Bronze medals from 1974 to 1994. Other successful medallists include athlete Allan Wells (a total of 4 Gold, 1 Silver & 1 Bronze in two Games - 1978 & 1982) and Peter Heatly (diving Gold’s in three successive Games & 1 Silver & 1 Bronze - 1950, 1954 & 1958). Lawn bowler Willie Wood is the first competitor to have competed in seven Commonwealth Games, from 1974 to 2002, missing 1986 because of a dispute over amateurism.
Membership of the CGCS consists of representatives of the governing bodies of the 26 sports in the Commonwealth Games programme from which the host city selects up to 17 sports for each Commonwealth Games:
Scotland uses the St Andrew's Cross as its flag at the Commonwealth Games. This flag is common for all sporting teams that represent Scotland as an entity distinct from the United Kingdom.
From 2010 onwards, Scotland will use "Flower of Scotland" as the victory anthem. This replaces "Scotland the Brave" which was used at previous between 1958 and 2006. Prior to 1958, "Scots Wha Hae" was used. The new anthem was chosen in January 2010 by athletes that had been selected to participate in the 2010 games. The shortlist of anthems also included "Scotland the Brave", "Loch Lomond" and "Highland Cathedral".