1876 Scotland vs Wales football match

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Date 25 March 1876
Venue Hamilton Crescent, Partick
Referee Robert W. Gardner (Scotland)
Attendance 17,000

The first international match for the Wales national football team came on 25 March 1876 when they played Scotland at Hamilton Crescent, Partick, the home of the West of Scotland Cricket Club, with the Scots claiming an emphatic 4–0 victory. The match was organised by Llewelyn Kenrick who had founded the Football Association of Wales only a few weeks earlier.

Background[edit]

The first official international association football match was between Scotland and England in November 1872 (although this had been preceded by a series of "unofficial" matches in the previous two years), following which Scotland and England met annually in a series of friendly matches.

Club football was well established in Scotland with Queen's Park having been established in 1867,[1] although the earliest Scottish club is believed to be Foot Ball Club of Edinburgh founded in 1827.[2]

In Wales, association football struggled to gain recognition with rugby being preferred, especially in the south. Football clubs were becoming established in North Wales with Druids[3] and Wrexham both being founded in 1872.[4] It would be over twenty years before football became established in the south, with Cardiff City being founded in 1899 and Swansea Town as late as 1912. There was no recognised league or cup football with the clubs having to arrange friendly matches between themselves on an ad hoc basis.

The challenge[edit]

In January 1876, a London-based Welshman, G Clay-Thomas, placed an advertisement in "The Field" newspaper proposing that a Welsh team be formed to play Scotland or Ireland at rugby.[5][6] Llewelyn Kenrick of the Druids club saw the advertisement but decided that the international match should be Association football.[7]

Kenrick told "The Field" that the footballers of North Wales accepted the challenge and he advertised for players:

"Test matches will take place at the ground of the Denbighshire County Cricket Club at Wrexham for the purpose of choosing the Cambrian Eleven. Gentlemen desirous of playing are requested to send in their names and addresses."[7]

To be selected, the players had to be born in Wales or have sufficient residence in the Principality. Although Kenrick corresponded with several Welsh clubs and the Universities to raise a team he was criticised for allegedly overlooking players from the south.[6]

The test matches took place in February 1876 under the auspices of the newly created Football Association of Wales. Kenrick selected six players from his own club, Druids, plus two from local rivals, Wrexham, and one from English club, Oswestry. William Evans (of Oxford University) was the only player from South Wales selected, with the others all from North Wales, other than John Hawley Edwards who was born in Shrewsbury in England and had previously represented the England national football team. Edwards was a fellow solicitor and member of the Shropshire Wanderers. Amongst the original selection were two players from Newtown, William Pryce and R.O. Evans, but neither were able to travel and withdrew.[8]

All eleven players selected for Wales were amateurs, comprising "two lawyers, a timber merchant, a student, a soldier, a stonemason, a physician, a miner, a chimney sweep, an office worker and an insurance company employee."[9][10]

The match[edit]

25 March 1876
Scotland  4–0  Wales
Ferguson Goal 40'
Lang Goal 48'
MacKinnon Goal 53'
H. McNeil Goal 70'
Hamilton Crescent, Partick
Attendance: 17,000
Referee: Robert W. Gardner (Scotland)
Scotland
Wales
SCOTLAND:
GK Alex McGeoch (Dumbreck)
RB Joseph Taylor (Queens Park)
LB Robert W. Neill (Queens Park)
RH Sandy Kennedy (Glasgow Eastern)
LH Charles Campbell (c) (Queens Park)
OR Thomas Highet (Queens Park)
IR John Ferguson (Vale of Leven)
CF James Lang (Clydesdale)
CF Billy MacKinnon (Queens Park)
IL Moses McNeil (Rangers)
OL Henry McNeil (Queens Park)
WALES:
GK David Thomson (Druids/Shropshire Wanderers)
RB William Evans (Oxford University)
LB Llewelyn Kenrick (c) (Druids/Shropshire Wanderers)
RH Edwin Cross (Wrexham)
LH William Williams (Druids)
OR Daniel Grey (Druids)
IR William Davies (Oswestry)
CF George Thomson (Druids)
CF John Hawley Edwards (Wanderers/Shrewsbury)
IL John Jones (Druids)
OL Alfred Davies (Wrexham)

Like the Welsh, the Scots fielded six players from one club (Queens Park) and three of their players were making their international debut: James Lang, Moses McNeil and Robert W. Neill. Both teams played a 2–2–6 formation; i.e. two fullbacks, two half backs and six forwards.[11]

The Welsh kicked off, but the Scots soon gained possession and proceeded to attack the Welsh goal with the Welsh having to defend solidly, William Evans being called on early on to "save the fortress" and send the ball upfield. The Welsh players were unable to break out of their own half and the Scots had a goal disallowed after Joseph Taylor "scored" direct from a corner. The Scots were by now "working better together than their opponents, who showed to more advantage in individual than combined play." On the 40th minute, Lang's centre was caught by David Thomson in the Welsh goal, but John Ferguson "seeing an advantage, jumped forward with remarkable suddenness" thus forcing Thomson to drop the ball which was "kicked home" "amid great cheering" from the Scottish crowd.[12]

After the half-time interval, the game became rather one-sided[12] and the Scots ran in a further two goals (from Lang and MacKinnon) within ten minutes of the restart. The Welsh goal survived further scares until Henry McNeil completed a fine move upfield by Ferguson and Thomas Highet.[13]

The match report concluded: "Of the Welsh players, the backs, Evans and Kenrick, showed decidedly best, and Williams was not unfrequently good in his play". Of the Scottish players, all of whose play was considered "quite fine", Ferguson, Henry McNeil, Moses McNeil, Highet and Sandy Kennedy were mentioned as "deserving of praise for the pluck they displayed."[13]

After the match, the Welsh visitors were entertained with dinner at McRae's Hotel.[14]

Subsequent matches[edit]

The return match came on 5 March 1877 at the Racecourse Ground, Wrexham;[15] the Scots were again victorious, winning 2–0.[16] The two countries continued to meet each other in friendly matches once each year in February or March until 1884 when the British Home Championship, which involved England and Ireland, was inaugurated.

Scotland and Wales then met each year, other than when war intervened, until 1984, when the British Home Championship was abandoned. The two countries have also met in World Cup qualifying matches for the 1978 and 1986 tournaments, and are currently in the same group for the qualifying tournament for the 2014 World Cup. The Scots won the first 13 matches against Wales, with the first draw coming in 1889. It was not until 1905 that the Welsh claimed their first victory, defeating the Scots 3–1 at the Racecourse Ground.[17] Since the two World Cup qualifying matches in 1985, the countries have met five times.[17] The most recent was on 12 October 2012, when Wales won 2–1 in a World Cup qualifier.[18]

Record[edit]

The full record between the two countries is as follows:[17]

Competition Played Results Goals
Scotland Wales Draw Scotland Wales
Friendly 11 8 3 0 36 10
British Home Championship 89 50 17 22 198 107
World Cup qualifiers 5 2 2 1 5 4
Nations Cup 1 1 0 0 3 1
TOTAL 106 61 22 23 242 122

References[edit]

  1. ^ "A number of Gentlemen met". Queen's Park FC. Retrieved 18 October 2010. 
  2. ^ Kitchin, Tom (9 April 2008). "World's oldest football club back on pitch". Edinburgh Evening News. Retrieved 25 March 2010. 
  3. ^ "Druids – a brief history". NEWI Cefn Druids. official.sportnetwork.net. Retrieved 25 March 2010. 
  4. ^ "The History of Wales' Oldest Team". Wrexham AFC. 19 July 2009. Retrieved 25 March 2010. 
  5. ^ Gibbons, Philip (2001). Association Football in Victorian England – A History of the Game from 1863 to 1900. Upfront Publishing. p. 54. ISBN 1-84426-035-6. 
  6. ^ a b Davies, Gareth; Garland, Ian (1991). Who's Who of Welsh International Soccer Players. Bridge Books. pp. 119–120. ISBN 1-872424-11-2. 
  7. ^ a b "1876 Kenrick's Challenge". The Story of Welsh Football. Wrexham County Borough Council. Retrieved 23 March 2010. 
  8. ^ "1877". History of Football – Mid Wales. www.penmon.org. Retrieved 23 March 2010. 
  9. ^ "Interesting and curious facts about full internationals and national players (1872–1900)". IFFHS. Retrieved 25 March 2010. 
  10. ^ This quote is incorrect as William Williams was a chimney top maker, rather than a chimney sweep.
  11. ^ "1876 Programme". The Story of Welsh Football. www.wrexham.gov.uk. Retrieved 13 March 2010. 
  12. ^ a b "Football – International match at Partick". London Hearts. 1876. Retrieved 25 March 2010. 
  13. ^ a b "Football – International match at Partick". London Hearts. 1876. Retrieved 25 March 2010. 
  14. ^ "International match at Glasgow (Scotland v Wales)". London Hearts. 1876. Retrieved 25 March 2010. 
  15. ^ "Wales 0 Scotland 2 (5 March 1877)". Welsh Football Data Archive. Retrieved 20 February 2010. 
  16. ^ "Wales 0 Scotland 2 (5 March 1877)". www.londonhearts.com. Retrieved 20 February 2010. 
  17. ^ a b c "Scotland v Wales complete record". London Hearts. September 2009. Retrieved 12 October 2012.  updated for match on 12 October 2012.
  18. ^ Forsyth, Roddy (12 October 2012). "Wales 2 Scotland 1: match report". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 13 October 2012. 

External links[edit]