Scott County, Virginia

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Scott County, Virginia
Scott County Courthouse, Gate City, Virginia.JPG
Scott County Courthouse
Map of Virginia highlighting Scott County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded November 24, 1814
Named for Winfield Scott
Seat Gate City
Largest town Gate City
Area
 • Total 539 sq mi (1,396 km2)
 • Land 536 sq mi (1,388 km2)
 • Water 3.1 sq mi (8 km2), 0.6%
Population
 • (2010) 23,177
 • Density 44/sq mi (17/km²)
Congressional district 9th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.scottcountyva.com

Scott County is a county located in the U.S. state of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 23,177.[1] Its county seat is Gate City.[2] Scott County was formed by an act of the General Assembly on November 24, 1814 from parts of Washington, Lee, and Russell Counties and was named for Virginia born General Winfield Scott.[3]

Scott County is part of the KingsportBristolBristol, TN-VA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is a component of the Johnson City–Kingsport–Bristol, TN-VA Combined Statistical Area,commonly known as the "Tri-Cities" region.

History[edit]

The early settlers found evidence of a former native village at the mouth of Stony Creek on the Clinch river. Thomas McCulloch was the first white settler within the county, in 1769. Daniel Boone commanded several forts located here in 1774 during Dunmore's War, and several more were built in successive years. Even so, the Chickamauga Cherokee leader Bob Benge remained active in the area throughout this time, during the Chickamauga wars, up until he was killed in 1794. By the times houses were built in the 1790s, the largely Scots-Irish population had increased by reason of its situation along the Wilderness Road. After Scott County was formed in 1814, the first court took place in 1815, and the first public schools in 1870.[4]

Geography[edit]

Fall foliage at Natural Tunnel State Park in Scott County.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 539 square miles (1,400 km2), of which 536 square miles (1,390 km2) is land and 3.1 square miles (8.0 km2) (0.6%) is water.[5]

The residents of Scott County, Virginia recently received new addresses due to the new 911 emergency contact system. Everyone now has a house number and street address as opposed to the rural route addresses of the past.

Adjacent Counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 4,263
1830 5,724 34.3%
1840 7,303 27.6%
1850 9,829 34.6%
1860 12,072 22.8%
1870 13,036 8.0%
1880 17,233 32.2%
1890 21,694 25.9%
1900 22,694 4.6%
1910 23,814 4.9%
1920 24,776 4.0%
1930 24,181 −2.4%
1940 26,989 11.6%
1950 27,640 2.4%
1960 25,813 −6.6%
1970 24,376 −5.6%
1980 25,068 2.8%
1990 23,204 −7.4%
2000 23,403 0.9%
2010 23,177 −1.0%
Est. 2012 22,781 −1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2012[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 23,177 people residing in the county. 97.9% were White, 0.6% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.4% of some other race and 0.7 of two or more races. 1.0% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 23,403 people, 9,795 households, and 7,023 families residing in the county. The population density was 44 people per square mile (17/km²). There were 11,355 housing units at an average density of 21 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.51% White, 0.59% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. 0.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 9,795 households out of which 27.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.40% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.30% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the county, the population was spread out with 20.60% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 27.30% from 25 to 44, 26.80% from 45 to 64, and 17.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 93.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,339, and the median income for a family was $33,163. Males had a median income of $28,328 versus $20,553 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,073. About 13.00% of families and 16.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.10% of those under age 18 and 20.50% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Public high schools[edit]

Communities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ http://www.scottcountyva.com/ Scott County, Virginia's Official Website
  4. ^ An Early History: Scott County, Virginia Economic Development AIthority
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 5, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°43′N 82°36′W / 36.72°N 82.60°W / 36.72; -82.60