Scott County, Illinois

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Scott County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting Scott County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1839
Seat Winchester
Largest city Winchester
Area
 • Total 253 sq mi (655 km2)
 • Land 251 sq mi (650 km2)
 • Water 1.9 sq mi (5 km2), 0.7%
Population
 • (2010) 5,355
 • Density 21/sq mi (8/km²)
Congressional district 18th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Scott County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 5,355,[1] making it the fourth-least populous county in Illinois. Its county seat is Winchester.[2]

Scott County is part of the Jacksonville, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Springfield-Jacksonville-Lincoln, IL Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Scott County was formed in 1839 out of Morgan County. It was named for a local pioneer family named Scott.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 253 square miles (660 km2), of which 251 square miles (650 km2) is land and 1.9 square miles (4.9 km2) (0.7%) is water.[3]

Climate and weather[edit]

Winchester, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.6
 
34
16
 
 
1.8
 
40
20
 
 
3.3
 
52
30
 
 
3.6
 
64
42
 
 
4.3
 
74
52
 
 
3.6
 
83
61
 
 
3.4
 
87
65
 
 
2.8
 
85
63
 
 
3
 
78
54
 
 
2.6
 
67
43
 
 
3.3
 
52
32
 
 
2.6
 
39
21
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[4]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Winchester have ranged from a low of 16 °F (−9 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −26 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in January 1912 and a record high of 113 °F (45 °C) was recorded in July 1934. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.60 inches (41 mm) in January to 4.34 inches (110 mm) in May.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 6,215
1850 7,914 27.3%
1860 9,069 14.6%
1870 10,530 16.1%
1880 10,741 2.0%
1890 10,304 −4.1%
1900 10,455 1.5%
1910 10,067 −3.7%
1920 9,489 −5.7%
1930 8,539 −10.0%
1940 8,176 −4.3%
1950 7,245 −11.4%
1960 6,377 −12.0%
1970 6,096 −4.4%
1980 6,142 0.8%
1990 5,644 −8.1%
2000 5,537 −1.9%
2010 5,355 −3.3%
Est. 2013 5,222 −2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census of 2000,[9] there were 5,537 people, 2,222 households, and 1,562 families residing in the county. The population density was 22 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 2,464 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 99.46% White, 0.04% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.13% Asian American, 0.04% from other races, and 0.20% from two or more races. 0.18% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 26.3% were of German, 22.3% American, 21.6% English and 9.1% Irish ancestry.

There were 2,222 households out of which 33.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.30% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.70% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.10% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 27.30% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, and 16.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 93.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,566, and the median income for a family was $42,924. Males had a median income of $30,099 versus $21,385 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,998. About 6.50% of families and 9.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.10% of those under age 18 and 6.30% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Town[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated community[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Winchester, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 8, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°39′N 90°29′W / 39.65°N 90.48°W / 39.65; -90.48