Scott County, Illinois

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Scott County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting Scott County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1839
Seat Winchester
Largest city Winchester
Area
 • Total 253 sq mi (655 km2)
 • Land 251 sq mi (650 km2)
 • Water 1.9 sq mi (5 km2), 0.7%
Population
 • (2010) 5,355
 • Density 21/sq mi (8/km²)
Congressional district 18th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Scott County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 5,355,[1] making it the fourth-least populous county in Illinois. Its county seat is Winchester.[2]

Scott County is part of the Jacksonville, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Springfield-Jacksonville-Lincoln, IL Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Scott County was formed in 1839 out of Morgan County. It was named for a local pioneer family named Scott.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 253 square miles (660 km2), of which 251 square miles (650 km2) is land and 1.9 square miles (4.9 km2) (0.7%) is water.[3]

Climate and weather[edit]

Winchester, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.6
 
 
34
16
 
 
1.8
 
 
40
20
 
 
3.3
 
 
52
30
 
 
3.6
 
 
64
42
 
 
4.3
 
 
74
52
 
 
3.6
 
 
83
61
 
 
3.4
 
 
87
65
 
 
2.8
 
 
85
63
 
 
3
 
 
78
54
 
 
2.6
 
 
67
43
 
 
3.3
 
 
52
32
 
 
2.6
 
 
39
21
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[4]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Winchester have ranged from a low of 16 °F (−9 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −26 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in January 1912 and a record high of 113 °F (45 °C) was recorded in July 1934. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.60 inches (41 mm) in January to 4.34 inches (110 mm) in May.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 6,215
1850 7,914 27.3%
1860 9,069 14.6%
1870 10,530 16.1%
1880 10,741 2.0%
1890 10,304 −4.1%
1900 10,455 1.5%
1910 10,067 −3.7%
1920 9,489 −5.7%
1930 8,539 −10.0%
1940 8,176 −4.3%
1950 7,245 −11.4%
1960 6,377 −12.0%
1970 6,096 −4.4%
1980 6,142 0.8%
1990 5,644 −8.1%
2000 5,537 −1.9%
2010 5,355 −3.3%
Est. 2013 5,222 −2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 5,355 people, 2,214 households, and 1,516 families residing in the county.[9] The population density was 21.3 inhabitants per square mile (8.2/km2). There were 2,459 housing units at an average density of 9.8 per square mile (3.8/km2).[3] The racial makeup of the county was 98.6% white, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.1% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.8% of the population.[9] In terms of ancestry, 26.3% were German, 24.3% were American, 18.0% were English, and 16.2% were Irish.[10]

Of the 2,214 households, 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.7% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.5% were non-families, and 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.89. The median age was 42.7 years.[9]

The median income for a household in the county was $49,462 and the median income for a family was $64,412. Males had a median income of $40,781 versus $32,011 for females. The per capita income for the county was $27,530. About 6.5% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.5% of those under age 18 and 10.2% of those age 65 or over.[11]

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Town[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated community[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  4. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Winchester, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 8, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014. 
  9. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  10. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  11. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°39′N 90°29′W / 39.65°N 90.48°W / 39.65; -90.48