Scott County, Kentucky

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Scott County, Kentucky
Scott county kentucky courthouse.jpg
Scott County courthouse in Georgetown, Kentucky
Map of Kentucky highlighting Scott County
Location in the state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Founded 1792
Named for Charles Scott
Seat Georgetown
Largest city Georgetown
Area
 • Total 285.30 sq mi (739 km2)
 • Land 284.72 sq mi (737 km2)
 • Water 0.57 sq mi (1 km2), 0.20%
Population (Est.)
 • (2013) 49,947
 • Density 167.4/sq mi (64.6/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.scottky.com

Scott County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. The 2013 population was 49,947 per the United States Census Bureau.[1] Its county seat is Georgetown.[2]

Scott County is part of the Lexington–Fayette Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 285.30 square miles (738.9 km2), of which 284.72 square miles (737.4 km2) (or 99.80%) is land and 0.57 square miles (1.5 km2) (or 0.20%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties[edit]

History[edit]

Scott County was explored as early as 1774. One of the early settlers was John McClelland of Pennsylvania. The area became subject to hostile Indian attacks, and was abandoned by 1777.

In 1783, Robert Johnson established the first permanent settlement at Johnson's Station. In 1786, Maryland Catholics established the second parish in Kentucky at St. Francis, Kentucky.

Scott County was established in 1792 from land given by Woodford County.[4] It was one of the first counties created after Statehood. It was named for Revolutionary War hero, Gen. Charles Scott, who led the Kentucky Militia at the disastrous Battle of the Wabash in 1791.[5] Gen. Scott went on to the 1794 victory at the Battle of Fallen Timbers, and served as Governor from 1808 - 1812.

In 1825, the Choctaw Nation established the Choctaw Academy at Blue Spring in the county. They operated the school for Choctaw boys until 1842, when it closed. They transferred the staff and records to the Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory, where they had removed in the 1830s. There they founded the Spencer Academy in 1844 as the school for Choctaw boys and also founded a school for girls. Later in the nineteenth century, they accepted Baptist missionaries to found the Armstrong Academy.

On November 18, 1861, Scott County native George W. Johnson was elected provisional Confederate governor of Kentucky. In the American Civil War, Scott County furnished the Union army with 118 soldiers and the Confederacy with approximately 1,000. [1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 8,007
1810 12,419 55.1%
1820 14,219 14.5%
1830 14,677 3.2%
1840 13,668 −6.9%
1850 14,946 9.4%
1860 14,417 −3.5%
1870 11,607 −19.5%
1880 14,965 28.9%
1890 16,546 10.6%
1900 18,076 9.2%
1910 16,956 −6.2%
1920 15,318 −9.7%
1930 14,400 −6.0%
1940 14,314 −0.6%
1950 15,141 5.8%
1960 15,376 1.6%
1970 17,948 16.7%
1980 21,813 21.5%
1990 23,867 9.4%
2000 33,061 38.5%
2010 47,173 42.7%
Est. 2013 49,947 5.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
2013 Estimate[7]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 33,061 people, 12,110 households, and 8,985 families residing in the county. The population density was 116 per square mile (45 /km2). There were 12,977 housing units at an average density of 46 per square mile (18 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 91.94% White, 5.35% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.82% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. 1.61% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 12,110 households out of which 38.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.80% were married couples living together, 11.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.80% were non-families. 21.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.30% under the age of 18, 11.80% from 18 to 24, 32.60% from 25 to 44, 20.40% from 45 to 64, and 8.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 95.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,081, and the median income for a family was $54,117. Males had a median income of $40,604 versus $25,767 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,490. About 7.30% of families and 8.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.00% of those under age 18 and 12.10% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

  • James C. C. Black - U.S. Representative from Georgia. Born in Stamping Ground.
  • J. Campbell Cantrill - politician, U.S. Representative from Kentucky.
  • Daniel Cook - First Attorney General of Illinois.
  • Basil Duke - Confederate General, took part in Morgan's Raid. Brother-in-law of John Hunt Morgan.
  • William H. Hatch - politician, U.S. Representative from Missouri.
  • Henry P. Haun - politician, U.S. Senator from California.
  • George W. Johnson - politician, 1st Confederate Governor of Kentucky, mortally wounded at the Battle of Shiloh.
  • John T. Johnson - politician, U.S. Representative from Kentucky, brother of Richard M. Johnson.
  • Richard M. Johnson - politician, Vice-President of the United States 1837-43.
  • Tom L. Johnson - U.S. Representative from Ohio 1891-95, Mayor of Cleveland 1901-1909.
  • John M. Palmer - Civil War general, Governor of Illinois 1869-1873, National Democratic Party presidential candidate 1896.
  • James F. Robinson - politician, 22nd Governor of Kentucky. Was the federal governor during the Civil War. Cardome in Georgetown was his family home.
  • John M. Robinson - politician, United States Senator from Illinois.
  • Robert Ward Johnson - U.S. and Confederate senator from Arkansas. Nephew of Richard M. Johnson.
  • Gustavus W. Smith - General in the Confederate Army during the Civil War, Confederate Secretary of War in 1862.
  • Junius Ward - 19th century horseman and plantation owner, founder of Ward Hall.
  • Edith Summers Kelley - Canadian author, wrote Weeds (1923), novel about "an artistic tomboy in the rural hills of Kentucky, who struggles unsuccessfully to overcome the oppressive roles assigned to her as a woman"[9]

See also[edit]

External references[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/21/21209.html
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  4. ^ Collins, Lewis (1882). Collins' Historical Sketches of Kentucky: History of Kentucky, Volume 2. Collins & Company. p. 26. 
  5. ^ The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. p. 37. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved August 6, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Census.gov. Retrieved March 27, 2013. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ Ballard, Sandra (2003). Listen Here: Women Writing in Appalachia. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky. p. 320. ISBN 978-0-8131-9066-2. 

Coordinates: 38°18′N 84°35′W / 38.30°N 84.58°W / 38.30; -84.58