Scott County, Tennessee

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Scott County, Tennessee
Scott-county-courthouse-tn1.jpg
Scott County Courthouse in Huntsville
Map of Tennessee highlighting Scott County
Location in the state of Tennessee
Map of the United States highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
Founded 1849
Named for Winfield Scott[1]
Seat Huntsville
Largest town Oneida
Area
 • Total 533 sq mi (1,381 km2)
 • Land 532 sq mi (1,378 km2)
 • Water 0.9 sq mi (2 km2), .21%
Population
 • (2010) 22,228
 • Density 40/sq mi (15/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.scottcounty.com

Scott County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 22,228.[2] Its county seat is Huntsville.[3]

Scott County is known for having seceded from the Confederacy during the Civil War and subsequently forming The Free and Independent State of Scott.

History[edit]

Scott County was formed in 1849 from portions of Anderson, Campbell, Fentress and Morgan counties. It is named for U.S. Army General Winfield Scott, a hero of the Mexican War.[1]

State of Scott[edit]

Main article: State of Scott

During the Civil War, the county was strongly Unionist, voting against secession from the Union in Tennessee's June 1861 referendum by a higher percentage (521 to 19, or 96%) than in any other Tennessee county.[4][1] This sentiment was encouraged by a June 4, 1861, speech in Huntsville by senator from Tennessee, Andrew Johnson.[5][1] In 1861 the county assembly officially enacted a resolution seceding from the state of Tennessee (and thus the Confederacy), forming the "Free and Independent State of Scott," (also known simply as the "State of Scott"), an anti-slavery and somewhat pro-Union enclave community.[1]

The proclamation was finally repealed, over a hundred years later, by Scott County in 1986.[6]

Geography[edit]

Big South Fork of the Cumberland

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 533 square miles (1,380 km2), of which 532 square miles (1,380 km2) is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) (0.2%) is water.[7] The county is located in a relatively hilly area atop the Cumberland Plateau. In the southwestern part of the county, the Clear Fork and New River converge to form the Big South Fork of the Cumberland River, a major tributary of the Cumberland River, and the focus of a national river and recreation area.

U.S. Route 27 is the county's primary north-south road. State Highway 63 connects Scott County with Campbell County to the east. State Highway 52 connects Scott County with the Fentress County area to the west. A portion of State Highway 297 connects Oneida with the Big South Fork Recreation Area.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

State protected areas[edit]

  • North Cumberland Wildlife Management Area (part)
  • Scott State Forest (part)
  • Twin Arches State Natural Area (part)

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,905
1860 3,519 84.7%
1870 4,054 15.2%
1880 6,021 48.5%
1890 9,794 62.7%
1900 11,077 13.1%
1910 12,947 16.9%
1920 13,411 3.6%
1930 14,080 5.0%
1940 15,966 13.4%
1950 17,362 8.7%
1960 15,413 −11.2%
1970 14,762 −4.2%
1980 19,259 30.5%
1990 18,358 −4.7%
2000 21,127 15.1%
2010 22,228 5.2%
Est. 2012 22,173 −0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
2012 Estimate[2]
Age pyramid Scott County[9]

At the 2000 census,[10] there were 21,127 people, 8,203 households and 6,012 families residing in the county. The population density was 40 per square mile (15/km²). There were 8,909 housing units at an average density of 17 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.53% White, 0.09% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.10% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. 0.57% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,203 households of which 35.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.20% were married couples living together, 11.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.70% were non-families. 24.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.02.

26.10% of the population were under the age of 18, 10.30% from 18 to 24, 28.70% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, and 11.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 97.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.00 males.

The median household income was $24,093 and the median family income was $28,595. Males had a median income of $24,721 compared with $19,451 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,927. About 17.60% of families and 20.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.10% of those under age 18 and 17.10% of those age 65 or over.

Scott County, a part of the Cumberland Plateau, includes the majority of the Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area.

Education[edit]

Scott County School District (Website)

  • Burchfield Elementary School; "The Rams" (Website)
  • Farview Elementary School; "The Rebels" (Website)
  • Huntsville Elementary School; "The Bears" (Website)
  • Huntsville Middle School; "The Bears" (Website)
  • Robbins Elementary School; "The Hawks" (Website)
  • Scott High School; "The Highlanders" (Website)
  • Winfield Elementary School; "The Bobcats" (Website)

Oneida Special School District (Website)

  • Oneida Elementary School; "The Indians" (Website)
  • Oneida Middle School; "The Indians" (Website)
  • Oneida High School; "The Indians" (Website)

Private schools

  • Landmark Christian School

Public safety[edit]

Includes the Scott County Sheriff Department; Oneida and Winfield Police Department; a full-time ambulance service with two stations; a volunteer rescue squad; and nine volunteer fire stations placed throughout the county.[citation needed]

Media[edit]

  • The Independent Herald[11]
  • The Scott County News
  • Hive 105, WBNT-FM

Communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Margaret D. Binnicker, Scott County, Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture, accessed April 17, 2011
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 7, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Oliver Perry Temple, East Tennessee and the Civil War (R. Clarke Company, 1899), p. 199.
  5. ^ Astor, Aaron (2011-06-11), The Switzerland of America, Opinionator: Exclusive On-Line Commentary From The Times (New York Times), retrieved 2011-12-21 
  6. ^ History of Scott County, Tennessee. Retrieved at Web Archive 16 February 2013.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 7, 2013. 
  9. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  11. ^ Independent Herald official website. Retrieved: 22 March 2013.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°26′N 84°31′W / 36.43°N 84.51°W / 36.43; -84.51