Born in West Palm Beach, Florida, Scott Henderson began playing guitar at an early age. His formative musical years were spent listening to rock, blues, funk, and soul, while his interest in jazz developed later on, thanks to the music of John Coltrane, Miles Davis, and others. He still professes to being a blues player at heart.
After graduating from Florida Atlantic University, Henderson moved to Los Angeles and began his career in earnest, playing rock with Twilight, a four-piece cover band that included Alice Long on bass and vocals. Soon, Henderson was recording with violinist Jean-Luc Ponty, bassist Jeff Berlin and "Players", and Weather Report's Joe Zawinul. Henderson first began receiving serious attention as the original guitarist for the Chick Corea Elektric Band. But he stayed only six months with Corea and left after a disagreement.
Henderson formed Tribal Tech with bass player Gary Willis in 1984. Under the direction of Henderson and Willis, Tribal Tech became one of the most highly regarded fusion bands of the 1980s. He toured and recorded with the band up until their dissolution following the 2000 album Rocket Science, and during that time brought himself to the forefront of modern jazz/fusion guitar playing. In 1991 he was named '#1 Jazz Guitarist' by Guitar World magazine, and in January 1992 he was voted best jazz guitarist in Guitar Player magazine's Annual Reader's Poll.
Henderson has more recently moved back to his blues roots, releasing the blues album Dog Party in 1994, and Tore Down House (1997). He recorded Well To The Bone (2003) with bass player, John Humphrey, and Kirk Covington on drums. His latest solo release Scott Henderson Live (2005) follows in this vein, and his work has also moved into funk/jazz fusion. He has repeatedly stated that he is enjoying playing in bands which do not have keyboard players, as it allows him to branch out more and properly explore the guitar's full potential as an instrument.
Tribal Tech released its first album in over a decade with 2011's 'X'.
Henderson released the fusion trio album HBC in October 2012 with bassist Jeff Berlin and drummer Dennis Chambers.
With Tribal Tech:
- Spears (1985)
- Dr. Hee (1987)
- Nomad (1990)
- Tribal Tech (1991)
- Illicit (1992)
- Face First (1993)
- Reality Check (1995)
- Thick (1999)
- Rocket Science (2000)
- X (2011)
- Vital Tech Tones (1998)
- VTT2 (2000)
- Fables (Jean-Luc Ponty - 1985)
- Champion (Jeff Berlin - 1985)
- The Chick Corea Elektric Band (Chick Corea Elektric Band - 1986)
- Players (1987, Jeff Berlin with T Lavitz and Steve Smith)
- The Immigrants (Zawinul Syndicate - 1988)
- Black Water (Zawinul Syndicate - 1989)
- Forbidden Zone (Tom Coster - 1994)
- Just Add Water - Virgil Donati, (1997)
- Crossroads (Jeff Berlin - 1999)
- Manic Voodoo Lady (Elvis Schoenberg and the Orchestre Surreal—2009)
- Stories by the Bridge (Alberto Milani - 2011)
- [dead link]Scott Henderson Live At Big Mama - Italy (2001) (Real Video)
- [dead link]Tribal Tech Live At Big Mama - Italy (2000) (Real Video)
- [dead link]January 2006 Interview with Scott Kinsey and Scott Henderson for KCLA-FM's Meta Currents
- George Graham reviews Well To The Bone - WVIA-FM, Scranton/Wilkes-Barre, PA
- Scott Henderson's website
- [dead link]2005 Scott Henderson Interview
- 1999 Scott Henderson Interview
- European Jazz Network
- Scott Henderson Blues Band in concert 04-04-07, Utrecht (Holland)