A Scottish Argentine population has existed at least since 1825. There are an estimated 100,000 Argentines of Scottish ancestry, the most of any country outside the Anglosphere. Frequently, Scottish Argentines are wrongly referred to as English.
The first Argentine woman to earn a Doctor of Medicine degree was Cecilia Grierson, of Scottish ancestry. No less than two schools in Argentina have been founded by Scottish immigrants: St. Andrew's Scots School in 1838 and Balmoral College in 1959.
There have been Scottish Gaelic classes in Buenos Aires for over ten years now, and they are taken by Guillermo Santana MacKinlay, who is himself a Scottish Argentine.
The so-called "father of Argentine football" was a Glaswegian schoolteacher, Alexander Watson Hutton, who first taught football at St. Andrew's Scots School in Buenos Aires in the early 1880s. On 4 February 1884 he founded the Buenos Aires English High School [sic] where he continued to instruct the pupils in the game. In 1891 Hutton established the Association Argentine Football League, the first football league outside of the British Isles. Five clubs competed but only one season was ever played.
His son Arnold Watson Hutton (1886–1951) was an Argentine football striker for the Argentina national team. He also played cricket, tennis and waterpolo for Argentina.
Notable Scottish Argentines
- Alejandro Anderson, actor
- Andrew Graham-Yooll, author
- Carlos Mac Allister, association football player
- Duncan Stewart, Buenos Aires-born President of Uruguay
- Eduardo Mac Entyre, artist
- Eduardo Macrae, creator of the tartans of Argentina and the Province of Entre Ríos. Introduced the Kirking of the Tartans and the Tartan Day celebration in the country. President of the Scottish Argentine Society.
- Fernanda Neil, actress
- Franco Niell, association football player
- James Gordon Duncan, manager of the Southern Railway
- Jorge Brown, association football player
- José Luis Brown, association football player
- Luca Prodan, musician
- Robert Fraser, Fábrica Argentina de Alpargatas
- Roberto M. Levingston, General and de facto President of Argentina
- Walter Owen, translator