Scottish Aviation

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Scottish Aviation Limited
Industry Aerospace, engineering
Fate Merged into British Aerospace
Founded 1935[1]
Defunct 1977
Headquarters Prestwick, Ayrshire, UK

Scottish Aviation Limited was a Scottish aircraft manufacturer, based at Prestwick in South Ayrshire.[2]

History[edit]

Originally a flying school operator the company took on maintenance work in 1938. During the Second World War, Scottish Aviation was involved in aircraft fitting for the war effort. This included maintenance and conversion of the Consolidated Liberator bomber.

The factory building of Scottish Aviation, which still exists today, was formerly the Palace of Engineering at the 1938 Empire Exhibition in Bellahouston Park, Glasgow. The building was dismantled from its Glasgow site and reconstructed.

Post war it built robust military STOL utility aircraft such as the Pioneer and larger Twin Pioneer. Much later the company built some Jetstream turboprop transport and navigational training aircraft following the collapse of the Handley Page Aircraft Company (which designed the type). It built Bulldog trainers after the demise of their original manufacturer, Beagle Aircraft Limited. Scottish Aviation merged with the British Aircraft Corporation, Hawker Siddeley Aviation, and Hawker Siddeley Dynamics to form British Aerospace in 1977. Much of the former Scottish Aviation assets now belong to Spirit AeroSystems.

Aircraft[edit]

(first flight in brackets)

Cars[edit]

1965 Scottish Aviation Scamp

Between 1964 and 1966 Scottish Aviation designed a small battery-electric car, the Scottish Aviation Scamp, of which twelve pre-production examples were built.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Glasgow Prestwick airport history Retrieved: 15 July 2009
  2. ^ Jackson 1974, p.124
  3. ^ Carr, Richard (1 July 1966). "In search of the town car". Design (Council of Industrial Design) (211): 29–37. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Jackson, A.J. British Civil Aircraft since 1919 (Volume 3). London, Putnam, 1974. ISBN 0-370-10014-X

Further reading[edit]

  • Berry, P (2005) Prestwick Airport and Scottish Aviation
  • Robertson, A (1986) Lion Rampant and Winged

External links[edit]