Scottish Power

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Scottish Power Ltd.
Type Private
Industry Electricity generation, transmission, distribution, retailing
Founded 1990
Headquarters Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom
Key people Ignacio Sanchez Galan (Chairman)
Keith Anderson (CCO)
Products Electricity and Natural gas
Revenue £5,446.1 million (2006)
Operating income £869.7 million (2006)
Net income £507.7 million (2006)
Employees 9,953 (2006)
Parent Iberdrola
Website www.scottishpower.com

Scottish Power Ltd. is a vertically integrated energy company with its headquarters in Glasgow, Scotland. It was once a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index but in 2006 it became a subsidiary of the Spanish utility Iberdrola.

Scottish Power is the distribution network operator for central and southern Scotland, Merseyside and North Wales. It is also the Transmission Owner for the south of Scotland. The company also supplies electricity and gas to homes and business around the United Kingdom and generates power for supply to the grid. It owns PPM Energy in the United States.

History[edit]

Foundation[edit]

Original Scottish Power logo

ScottishPower was formed in 1990, in preparation for the privatisation of the previously state owned Scottish electricity industry the following year.[1] Previously the UK government had privatised the English and Welsh electricity industry by splitting the market into 12 regional electricity companies (RECs) and two power generators. However in Scotland, the industry was already organised on an integrated generation, distribution and supply basis, and this integration survived the privatisation to become a model for the rest of the United Kingdom. Scottish Power was largely formed from the larger of the two Scottish electricity boards, the South of Scotland Electricity Board, whilst the other, the North of Scotland Hydro Board, eventually became part of the Scottish and Southern Energy Group (the nuclear power stations in Scotland were spun off into a third company, Scottish Nuclear, which was not sold off with Scottish Power and Scottish Hydro Electric, but was sold later as part of British Energy).

Manweb and Southern Water[edit]

ScottishPower was the larger of the two Scottish energy companies and benefited from being both a generator and supplier of power. In 1995 it acquired the regional electricity company, MANWEB which supplies Merseyside and North Wales.[2] In 1996 the company diversified into the water supply business with the purchase of Southern Water[3] (which was sold again in 2002).[4]

When the supply of energy into British homes was opened up to competition, ScottishPower entered this market, stealing share from the previous gas supply monopoly British Gas and also building new market share in England and Wales.

Thus[edit]

ScottishPower established the telecommunications company, Thus (originally known as Scottish Telecom)[5] and then floated it on the London Stock Exchange in 2002.[6]

Pacificorp[edit]

In 2000, ScottishPower completed the acquisition of Pacificorp which supplies electricity in the western United States, which operates as Pacific Power (in the regulated energy industries of the states of Oregon, Washington, California), and as Rocky Mountain Power (in the regulated energy industries of the states of Idaho and Utah as well as both and central and eastern Wyoming (former Pacific Power territory), and southwestern Wyoming).[7] In May 2005, ScottishPower announced that it had agreed to sell Pacificorp to MidAmerican Energy Holdings Company, a company controlled by Warren Buffett's company, Berkshire Hathaway, for US$5.1 billion in cash and US$4.3 billion in debt and preferred stock.[8] The successful completion of the deal was announced on 21 March 2006, after securing regulatory approvals. The deal did not include PPM Energy (which as Pacificorp Power Marketing was formerly the non-regulated subsidiary of Pacificorp).

Rejected takeover bid from E.ON[edit]

Following the announcement, the group's share price rose, but were now widely seen as vulnerable to a takeover. It was soon revealed that German energy group E.ON, who also own Powergen, were interested in a takeover. On 22 November 2005 the board rejected an offer from E.ON of 570 pence a share, which would have valued the group at £10.7 billion.[9]

Takeover bid from Iberdrola[edit]

On 28 November 2006, the board of directors of ScottishPower agreed to a £11.6 billion takeover bid by the Spanish energy firm Iberdrola. The offer was formally approved by shareholders at an EGM on 30 March 2007, effectively creating Europe's third largest utility company.[10]

Regulatory investigations[edit]

In April 2007, the British government's energy regulator, the Office of Gas and Electricity Markets (Ofgem), urged customers of Scottish Power and EDF Energy to switch to a cheaper provider after the firms refused to cut prices in line with the rest of the industry.[11]

In April 2008 Ofgem launched an investigation into allegations that Scottish Power abused their dominant market position relating to the electricity transmission network they own jointly in Scotland.[12] Ofgem said it had launched its inquiry into Scottish Power and Scottish & Southern Energy under section 18 of the Competition Act, "based on a formal complaint alleging abuse of a dominant position in the electricity generation sector arising from constrained capacity on the transmission network."[13] The energy regulator believes that energy generators manipulate the power market for profit when supplies are tight because network operator National Grid has to pay utilities to turn their plants on or off to balance supply and demand. This resulted in companies deliberately shutting their plants down when supplies are tight in order to receive a higher payment to start up again, increasing the system balancing costs at the expense of consumers. Ofgem were alarmed that the cost of balancing the system increased from £70 million in 2007/08 to an estimated £238 million for 2008/09 and an expected £258 million in 2009/10, with most of the costs incurred in Scotland. In January 2009, Ofgem suspended the investigation, saying it would be more effective to deal with the wider problem than pursuing the specific case further.[14]

In November 2012 the Information Commissioner's Office (ICO) publicly listed Scottish Power as one of a number of companies that it had concerns about due to unsolicited telephone calls for marketing. The concerns were based on complaints. In response, Scottish Power said that it was working with the ICO to address any issues.[15]

Operations[edit]

Knapton Power Station

Energy Retail[edit]

The Energy Retail division contains ScottishPower Energy Retail Ltd which holds the gas and electricity supply licences and has over 5.2 million customers in the UK. Also included in this division is SP Dataserve Ltd which is responsible for the metering and data management work and is the first ever meter reading company to allow customers to text in their meter readings.[16]

Energy Networks[edit]

Scottish Power electricity distribution areas

The Energy Networks business contains three asset owning companies SP Transmission Ltd - holds the transmission license for central and southern Scotland and owns the part of the Moyle Interconnector with Northern Ireland Electricity, SP Distribution Ltd - holds the distribution licence for central and southern Scotland and SP Manweb Plc - holds the distribution licence for North Wales, Merseyside and Cheshire. A fourth asset management business SP Power Systems Ltd maintains and repairs the distribution networks on behalf of the owners and acts as the Distribution Network Operator. The operation of the transmission grid is carried out by National Grid plc.

Energy Wholesale[edit]

Energy Wholesale contains two companies ScottishPower Generation Ltd which generates 6,200MW of electricity power in the United Kingdom using coal fired thermal power stations, combined cycle power stations, hydro-electric schemes, pumped storage generation. They are the sole customer of ScottishPower Renewables (SPR). In 2006, SPR were granted permission to build Europe's largest on-shore windfarm. The 322 MW / 140 turbine site cost an estimated £300m and covers an area of approximately 55 km² of moorland south of Glasgow. By 2014, SPR has a portfolio of over 1,250 MW of operating windfarms, including the recently expanded Whitelee with a total generation capacity of 539MW, making it Europe's largest windfarm. Also within this division is Scottish Power Energy Management Ltd which is responsible for buying and selling wholesale energy.

In 2005, the WWF named Scottish Power's Cockenzie power station as the UK's least carbon-efficient power station.[17] It is now closed.

In 2007, the WWF named Scottish Power's Longannet power station as the UK's least carbon-efficient power station out of Europe's top 30 worst polluting power stations in absolute terms .[18]

ScottishPower Generation Portfolio
Station Name Generation Capacity Installation Fuel
Longannet Power Station 2,400 MW 4 x 600 MW GEC Turbo-alternators
Each set is formed of a pair of 300 MW cross compound coupled T/A
Coal
Rye House Power Station 715 MW 3 single-shaft Siemens V94.2 gas turbines @ 150MW each & 1 250MW T/A Gas
Damhead Creek Power Station 793 MW Gas
Shoreham Power Station 420 MW Alstom GT26B Gas Turbine in Combined Cycle with Alstom Steam Turbine Gas
Blackburn CHP Power Station 65 MW 1 x 43MW Siemens SGT800 Gas Turbine & 1 x 22MW Siemens VAX Steam Turbine Gas
Cruachan Power Station 440 MW Pumped Storage
Galloway Hydro Electric Scheme 106.5 MW Hydro
Lanark Hydro Electric Scheme 17 MW Hydro
Whitelee Wind Farm 322 MW 140 Siemens wind turbines Wind
Black Law Wind Farm 124 MW 54 Siemens wind turbines Wind
Inverkip Power Station 2028 MW demolished in 2013 3 x 676 MW Parsons Turbo-alternators Oil

PPM Energy[edit]

PPM Energy Inc was previously the competitive arm Pacificorp but was made a separate business in 2002. It is involved in renewable energy and gas storage amongst other things in the US.

Distribution network operators[edit]

Scottish Power is an energy supplier for homes across the country. They do not however manage the network of towers and cables that distributes electricity - these are maintained by distribution network operators (DNOs) which vary from region to region. If, for instance, there is a power outage it is necessary to contact the appropriate DNO rather than the energy supplier. See entry on distribution network operator for a full list. [19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ A whole world sold on sell-offs Guardian, 22 November 2000
  2. ^ Manweb confirms bid talks Independent, 26 September 1995
  3. ^ Scottish Water gets $2.35bn offer New York Times, 29 May 1996
  4. ^ Scottish Power to sell water firm for £2bn BBC News, 8 March 2002
  5. ^ Thus: About us
  6. ^ And thus the demerger finally canme to pass Independent, 20 December 2001
  7. ^ Scottish utility bids for PacificCorp Chicago Sun-Times, 8 December 1998
  8. ^ Berkshire Unit to acquire PacificCorp for $5.1bn Wall Street Journal, 24 May 2005
  9. ^ Scottish Power rejects bid move BBC News, 22 November 2005
  10. ^ Iberdrola to buy Scottish Power for £11.6bn International Herald Tribune, 28 November 2006
  11. ^ Ofgem slams EDF and Scottish Power. Times Online. 24 April 2007. Retrieved 4 June 2009.
  12. ^ Ofgem inquiry into dominance of Scottish grid. The Guardian. 9 April 2008. Retrieved 4 June 2009.
  13. ^ Scottish Power to be investigated by Ofgem. LDP Business. 8 April 2009. Retrieved 4 June 2009.
  14. ^ Ofgem wants more power to punish market abuse. Reuters. 30 March 2009. Retrieved 4 June 2009.
  15. ^ Core, Kevin (16 November 2012), Commissioner names firms over 'nuisance' marketing calls, BBC News, retrieved 8 February 2013 
  16. ^ Gas and Electricity Meter-Readings By SMS
  17. ^ http://www.wwf.org.au/news/n223/
  18. ^ http://assets.panda.org/downloads/european_dirty_thirty_may_2007.pdf
  19. ^ "The GB electricity distribution network". Retrieved 14 July 2014. 

External links[edit]