Scottish Westminster constituencies 1885 to 1918

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Overview
1708 to 1832
1832 to 1868
1868 to 1885
1885 to 1918
1918 to 1950
1950 to 1955
1955 to 1974
1974 to 1983
1983 to 1997
1997 to 2005
2005 to present

The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 redefined the boundaries of English, Scottish and Welsh constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (at Westminster), and the new boundaries were first used in the 1885 general election. The boundaries of Irish constituencies were not affected.

1885 boundaries were used also in the general elections of 1886, 1892, 1895, 1900, 1906, January 1910 and December 1910.

In Scotland, as a result of the legislation, there were 32 burgh constituencies, 37 county constituencies and two university constituencies. Except for Dundee, which was a two-seat constituency, each Scottish constituency represented a seat for one Member of Parliament (MP). Therefore Scotland had 72 MPs.

The 1885 legislation detailed boundary changes but did not detail boundaries for all constituencies. For a complete picture of boundaries in Scotland, it has to be read in conjunction with the Representation of the People (Scotland) Act 1832 and the Representation of the People (Scotland) Act 1868.[1]

In Scotland, constituencies related nominally to counties and burghs, but boundaries for parliamentary purposes were not necessarily those for other purposes. Also, county boundaries were altered by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889 and by later related legislation. The Representation of the People Act 1918 redefined constituency boundaries in relation to new local government boundaries, and these newer constituency boundaries were first used in the 1918 general election.

Burgh constituencies[edit]

Parliamentary burgh Nominal contents of parliamentary burgh Constituency or constituencies
Aberdeen In county of Aberdeen: burgh of Aberdeen Aberdeen North
Aberdeen South
Ayr District of Burghs In county of Ayr : burghs of Ayr and Irvine
In county of Argyll: burghs of Campbeltown, Inverary, and Oban
Ayr District of Burghs
Dumfries District of Burghs In county of Dumfries: burghs of Annan, Dumfries, Lochmaben and Sanquhar
In county of Kirkcudbright: burgh of Kirkcudbright.
Dumfries District of Burghs
Dundee In county of Forfar: burgh of Dundee Dundee
Elected two MPs
Edinburgh In county of Edinburgh: burgh of Edinburgh Edinburgh Central
Edinburgh East
Edinburgh South
Edinburgh West
Elgin District of Burghs In county of Elgin: burgh of Elgin
In county of Banff: burghs of Cullen and Banff
In county of Aberdeen: burghs of Inverurie, Kintore, and Peterhead
Elgin District of Burghs
Falkirk District of Burghs In county of Lanark: burghs of Airdrie, Hamilton, and Lanark
In county of Linlithgow: burgh of Linlithgow
In county of Stirling: burgh of Falkirk
Falkirk District of Burghs
Glasgow In county of Lanark: burgh of Glasgow Glasgow Blackfriars and Hutchesontown
Glasgow Bridgeton
Glasgow Camlachie
Glasgow Central
Glasgow College
Glasgow St Rollox
Glasgow Tradeston
Govan In county of Lanark: burgh of Govan Govan
Greenock In county of Renfrew: burgh of Greenock Greenock
Hawick District of Burghs In county of Roxburgh: burgh of Hawick
In county of Selkirk burghs of Galashiels and Selkirk
Hawick District of Burghs
Inverness District of Burghs In county of Elgin: burgh of Forres
In county of Inverness: burgh of Inverness
In county of Nairn: burgh of Nairn
In county of Ross: burgh of Fortrose
Inverness District of Burghs
Kilmarnock District of Burghs In county of Ayr: burgh of Kilmarnock
In county of Dumbarton: burgh of Dumbarton
In the county of Lanark: burgh of Rutherglen
In the county of Renfrew: burghs of Renfrew and Port Glasgow
Kilmarnock District of Burghs
Kirkcaldy District of Burghs In county of Fife: burghs of Burntisland, Dysart, Kinghorn and Kirkcaldy Kirkcaldy District of Burghs
Leith District of Burghs In county of Edinburgh: burghs of Leith, Musselburgh, and Portobello Leith District of Burghs
Montrose District of Burghs In county of Forfar: burghs of Arbroath, Brechin, Forfar, and Montrose
In county of Kincardine: burgh of Inverbervie
Montrose District of Burghs
Paisley In county of Renfrew: burgh of Paisley Paisley
Partick In county of Lanark: burgh of Partick Partick
Perth In county of Perth: burgh of Perth Perth
St Andrews District of Burghs In county of Fife: burghs of St Andrews, Anstruther Easter, Anstruther Wester, Crail, Cupar, Kilrenny and Pittenweem St Andrews District of Burghs
Stirling District of Burghs In county of Fife: burghs of Dunfermline and Inverkeithing
In county of Linlithgow: burgh of South Queensferry
In county of Perth: burgh of Culross
In county of Stirling: burgh of Stirling
Stirling District of Burghs
Wick District of Burghs In county of Caithness: burgh of Wick
In county of Cromarty: burgh of Cromarty
In county of Orkney: burgh of Kirkwall
In county of Ross: burghs of Dingwall and Tain
In county of Sutherland: burgh of Dornoch
Wick District of Burghs

County constituencies[edit]

Parliamentary county Nominal contents of parliamentary county Constituency or constituencies
Aberdeen County of Aberdeen
Excluded burghs of Aberdeen, Inverurie, Kintore, and Peterhead
Eastern Aberdeenshire
Western Aberdeenshire
Argyll County of Argyll
Excluded burgh of Oban
Argyllshire
Ayr County of Ayr
Excluded burghs of Ayr, Irvine, and Kilmarnock
North Ayrshire
South Ayrshire
Banff County of Banff
Excluded burghs of Banff and Cullen
Banffshire
Berwick County of Berwick Berwickshire
Bute County of Bute Buteshire
Caithness County of Caithness
Excluded burgh of Wick
Caithness
Clackmannan and Kinross County of Clackmannan and county of Kinross Clackmannanshire and Kinross-shire
Dumfries County of Dumfries
Excluded burghs of Annan, Dumfries, Lochmaben, and Sanquhar
Dumfriesshire
Dumbarton County of Dumbarton
Excluded burgh of Dumbarton
Dumbartonshire
Edinburgh County of Edinburgh
Excluded burghs of Edinburgh, Leith, Musselburgh, and Portobello
Edinburghshire
Elgin and Nairn County of Elgin and county of Nairn
Excluded burgh of Elgin, Forres, and Nairn
Elginshire and Nairnshire
Fife County of Fife
Excluded burghs of Anstruther Easter, Anstruther Wester, Burntisland, Crail, Culross, Dunfermline, Dysart, Inverkeithing, Kilrenny, Kinghorn, Kirkcaldy, and Pittenweem
East Fife
West Fife
Forfar County of Forfar
Excluded burghs of Arbroath, Brechin, Dundee, Forfar, and Montrose
Forfarshire
Haddington County of Haddington Haddingtonshire
Inverness County of Inverness
Excluded burgh of Inverness
Inverness-shire
Kirkcudbright County of Kirkcudbright
Excluded burghs of Kirkcudbright and New Galloway
Kirkcudbrightshire
Kincardine County of Kincardine
Excluded burgh of Inverbervie
Kincardineshire
Lanark County of Lanark
Excluded burghs of Airdrie, Glasgow, Govan, Lanark, Partick, Rutherglen, and Hamilton
Mid Lanarkshire
North East Lanarkshire
North West Lanarkshire
South Lanarkshire
Linlithgow County of Linlithgow
Excluded burghs of Linlithgow and South Queensferry
Linlithgowshire
Orkney and Zetland County of Orkney and county of Zetland
Excluded burgh of Kirkwall
Orkney and Zetland
Peebles and Selkirk County of Peebles and county of Selkirk
Excluded burghs of Galashiels and Selkirk
Peebles and Selkirk
Perth County of Perth
Excluded burgh of Perth
East Perthshire
West Perthshire
Renfrew County of Renfrew
Excluded burghs of Paisley, Port Glasgow, and Renfrew
East Renfrewshire
West Renfrewshire
Ross and Cromarty County of Ross and county of Cromarty
Excluded burghs of Cromarty, Dingwall, Fortrose, and Tain
Ross and Cromarty
Roxburgh County of Roxburgh
Excluded burgh of Hawick
Roxburghshire
Stirling County of Stirling
Excluded burghs of Falkirk and Stirling
Stirlingshire
Sutherland County of Sutherland
Excluded burgh of Dornoch
Sutherland
Wigtown County of Wigtown Wigtownshire

University constituencies[edit]

Constituency Contents
Edinburgh and St Andrews Universities Universities of Edinburgh and St Andrews
Glasgow and Aberdeen Universities Universities of Glasgow and Aberdeen

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ AsBoundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972 (ISBN 0-900178-09-4), F. W. S. Craig, 1972