Barons in Scotland

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Ayton Castle, Scottish Borders, caput of the feudal barony of Ayton. Built in 1851 in the Scottish Baronial style by William Mitchell-Innes, then feudal baron of Ayton, to the design of James Gillespie Graham

In Scotland, a Baron was the head of a "feudal" barony (also known as prescriptive barony). This used to be attached to a particular piece of land on which was the "caput" (Latin meaning 'head'), or the essence of the barony, normally a building, such as a castle or manor house. Accordingly, the owner of the piece of land containing the "caput" was the Baron or Baroness. The Court of the Lord Lyon recognises a person possessing the dignity of baron under certain conditions,[1] this being the status of a minor baron, a title of non-peerage rank. The Scottish Baron is the lowest official titled nobility in the United Kingdom.

Unlike England's system of hereditary peerages - which are, in the main, passed down the male line - Scottish feudal baronies may be passed to any person, of either sex, by inheritance or conveyance.[2]

The Scots have a quite distinct legal system within the United Kingdom. Historically, in the Kingdom of Scotland, the Lord Lyon King of Arms, as the Sovereign’s Minister in matters armorial, is at once Herald and Judge.

The Scottish equivalent of an English baron is a Lord of Parliament. Scottish baronies should not be compared to English lordships of manors.

History[edit]

Scottish Prescriptive Barony by Tenure was, from 1660 until 2004, the feudal description of the only genuine degree of title of UK nobility capable of being bought and sold (along with the Caput, or property), rather than passing strictly by blood inheritance.

Statutes of 1592 and the Baronetcy Warrants of King Charles I show the non-peerage Table of Precedence as: Baronets, Knights, Barons and Lairds, Esquires and Gentlemen.

A General Register of Sasines was set up by Statute in 1617, with entry in the Register giving the prescriptive right (right by normal or correct usage), after so many years, to the "caput" or essence of the Barony. The individual who owned the said piece of land containing the caput was hence the Baron or Baroness. Uncertainty over armorial right was removed by the Lyon Register being set up by Statute in 1672, such that no arms were to be borne in Scotland unless validly entered in Lyon Register. Up until 1874 each new Baron was confirmed in his Barony by the Crown by Charter of Confirmation. Up until 28 November 2004 a Barony was an estate of land held directly of the Crown, or the Prince and Great Steward of Scotland. It was an essential element of a barony title that there existed a Crown Charter erecting the land into a Barony, recorded in the Register of the Great Seal of Scotland. Often the original Charter was later lost, however an Official Extract has the same legal status as the original Charter.

From the Treaty of Union of 1707 - until 1999 - a unified Parliament of Great Britain (since January, 1801, known as the Parliament of the United Kingdom), at Westminster, was responsible for passing legislation affecting private law both north and south of the Scottish border. In 1999 the devolved Scottish Parliament was established, and Private law measures can now be passed at Holyrood, the seat of the Scottish Parliament in Edinburgh. Using a prescriptive feudal grant allowed developers to impose perpetual conditions affecting the land. The courts became willing to accept the validity of such obligations, which became known as real burdens. In practical and commercial terms, these real burdens were like English leasehold tenure.

Abolition of feudal tenure[edit]

The first Scottish Executive was committed to abolishing the anachronism of the feudal system. On 28 November 2004 the Abolition of Feudal Tenure etc. (Scotland) Act 2000 came into full force and effect, putting an end to Scotland's feudal system. Under Scots law, a Scottish Prescriptive Barony by Tenure is now "incorporeal feudal heritage", not attached to the land and remains the only genuine, prescriptive, degree of title of UK nobility capable of being bought and sold – since under Section 63(1) of the Act, the dignity of Baron is preserved after the abolition of the feudal system.[3][4]

After 28 November 2004 under Scots law, a Scottish Barony, which was previously Scottish heritable property (real property), became incorporeal heritable property (not attached to the land). Prior to the Act coming into effect, Scottish Feudal Baronies (including Lordships and Earldoms) were the only genuine title of UK nobility capable of being transferred following the sale of land containing a "caput" (or the sale of a feudal superiority).

Most baronies were created (erected) prior to 1745 but one was erected as late as 1824.

Since the Abolition of Feudal Tenure etc. (Scotland) Act 2000 came into effect, the Lord Lyon, who is the Chief Herald of Scotland, has restored a more traditional form to the coat of arms of a Baron. Barons are now identified by the helm befitting their degree. A new policy statement has been made by the Lord Lyon to this effect.[5]

Independent Scots legal advice should always be taken before entering into any contract that claims to offer a Baronial title for sale.

The holder of the dignity of a Barony may petition the Lord Lyon for a grant of arms as he falls under the jurisdiction of the Lyon's Court. A policy statement has been made to this effect by the Lord Lyon.[6] The Lyon Court has no jurisdiction in relation to the transfer of, or legal "trade" in, feudal titles. Any prospective purchaser should seek specialist independent Scots legal advice.

Usage[edit]

An English barony is a peerage (yet the abolition act of 1660 allows for some remaining non-peer baronies not converted by writ to remain as feudal baronies of free socage "incorporeal hereditament" similar to a lordship of the manor), but whether Scottish barons rightfully rank as peers is disputable.[7] They are known as minor barons currently treated as noble titles of less than peerage rank. The Scottish equivalent of an English baron is "Lord of Parliament".

The feudal baronial title tends to be used when a landed family is not in possession of any United Kingdom peerage title of higher rank, subsequently granted, or has been created a knight of the realm. The name recorded by the Lord Lyon as part of any grant of arms or matriculation becomes the holder’s name for all official purposes.

The holder of a Scottish barony (e.g., "Inverglen") may add the title to his existing name (e.g., "John Smith, Baron of Inverglen") or add the territorial designation to his surname ("John Smith of Inverglen, Baron of Inverglen"); some of the oldest Scottish families prefer to be styled by the territorial designation alone ("Smith of Inverglen").[8][9][10] Formal and in writing, they are styled as The Much Honoured Baron of Inverglen. A baron may be addressed socially as "Inverglen" or "Baron," and introduced in the third person as "John Smith of Inverglen, Baron of Inverglen" or "The Baron of Inverglen". When referred to informally in the third person it is incorrect to refer to him as "Baron Inverglen" or "Lord Inverglen", as these would imply a peerage title (i.e. Lord of Parliament)[11] A married couple may be styled "The Baron and Baroness of Inverglen", "Inverglen and Madam Smith of Inverglen", "Inverglen and Lady Inverglen", or "The Baron of Inverglen and Lady Inverglen."[12] The oldest son of a feudal baron may be known by his father's territorial designation with the addition of "yr" (abbreviation for "younger"), as in "John Smith of Inverglen, yr" and the eldest daughter if heir apparent is entitled to use the courtesy title "Maid of [Barony]" at the end of her name.

The United Kingdom policy of using titles on passports requires that the applicant provides evidence that the Lord Lyon has recognised a feudal barony, or the title is included in Burke's Peerage. If accepted (and if the applicant wishes to include the title), the correct form is for the applicant to include the territorial designation as part of their surname (Surname of territorial designation e.g. Smith of Inverglen). The Observation would then show the holder's full name, followed by their feudal title e.g. The holder is John Smith, Baron of Inverglen.[13]

Scottish heraldry[edit]

A Scottish Baron's helmet.

The former Lord Lyon declined to award the following baronial additaments to the arms of those feudal barons registering arms now that the Abolition of Feudal Tenure etc. (Scotland) Act 2000 is in force. However, the current Lord Lyon has confirmed in a recent policy statement that he will officially recognise feudal barons or those possessing the dignity of baron who meet certain conditions and will grant them arms with a helmet befitting their degree.[14] Scottish Barons rank below Lords of Parliament, and, while a noble, are not conventionally considered peerage titles; unlike others, the title can be hereditary or bought and sold.

In showing that Scottish barons are titles of nobility, reference may be made, amongst others, to Lyon Court in the Petition of Maclean of Ardgour for a Birthbrieve by Interlocutor dated 26 February 1943 which "Finds and Declares that the Minor Barons of Scotland are, and have both in this Nobiliary Court, and in the Court of Session, been recognised as 'titled' nobility, and that the estait of the Baronage (The Barones Minores) is of the ancient Feudal Nobility of Scotland".

Sir Thomas Innes of Learney in his 'Scots Heraldry' (2nd Ed., p. 88, note 1) states that 'The Act 1672, cap 47, specially qualifies the degrees thus: Nobles (i.e. peers, the term being here used in a restricted seventeenth-century English sense), Barons (i.e. Lairds of baronial fiefs and their "heirs", who, even if fiefless, are equivalent to heads of Continental baronial houses) and Gentlemen (apparently all other armigers).' Baronets and knights are evidently classed as 'Gentlemen' here and are of a lower degree than Barons. The Scottish Head of Baronial Houses, includes all the various styles and titles which designate the territorial nobility i.e. baron of X.

Barons may also wear two eagle feathers when in traditional dress.[15][16] If the baron is a member of a clan it is advisable to consult the clan chief on clan customs and traditions. The Lord Lyon only gives guidance and not governance on the wearing of feathers and recommends consulting with a clan chief.

Chapeau[edit]

Previously, between the 1930s and 2004, when new arms were granted or a matriculation of existing arms took note of a barony, the owner was given a chapeau or cap of maintenance as part of his armorial achievement on petitioning for the same. This is described as "gules doubled ermine" for barons in possession of the caput of the barony. An azure chapeau is appropriate for the heirs of ancient baronial families who are no longer owners of the estates. This chapeau was a relatively recent armorial invention of the late Lord Lyon Thomas Innes of Learney. Accordingly a number of ancient Arms of feudal barons do not display the chapeau, and now it is no longer granted. It should be noted, however, that Lord Lyon only governs in matters heraldic and has no jurisdiction of the civil use of the chapeau and there is nothing to say that a Scottish Baron could not wear a chapeau on formal occasions relating to the barony[original research?]. Also one could possibly use the chapeau still as a logo on a business card with the consent of the Convention of the Baronage of Scotland. As long as it is not used by the Baron or Baroness in their achievement of arms in Scotland Lord Lyon has no jurisdiction[original research?].

At the Treaty of Perth 1266, Norway relinquished its claim to the Hebrides and Man and they became part of Scotland. In 1292 Argyll was created a shire and “The Barons of all Argyll and the Foreigners’ Isles”, which had preceded the kingdom of Scotland, became eligible to attend the "Scots" Parliament – appearing in the record of the parliament at St. Andrews in 1309. Historically they have a chapeau, "gules doubled ermines", ermines being white tails on black.

The chapeau, if part of the armorial achievement, is placed into the space directly above the shield and below the helmet, and may otherwise be used on a visiting card, the flap of an envelope or to ensign the circlet of a crest badge as used on a bonnet.

Feudo-baronial mantle[edit]

Particularly Scottish in character is the Feudo-baronial Mantle or robe of estate - described as gules doubled silk argent, fur-edged of miniver and collared in ermine fastened on the right shoulder by five spherical buttons or. This may be displayed in a pavilioned form, draped behind the complete achievement of arms - or the armorial shield alone - tied open with cords and tassels and surmounted by the chapeau. Again, Lord Lyon is no longer granting these robes. Again, Lord Lyon has no jurisdiction over civil use of the mantle so a Baron or Baroness could use the mantle on formal civil occasions[original research?]. As long as the mantle does not show up in the Baron's achievement of arms in Scotland, Lord Lyon has no jurisdiction in civil use[original research?].

Helmet[edit]

The helmet is now the chief mode of recognition of a Scottish baron. The Lord Lyon has adopted a steel helm with grille of three grilles, garnished in gold, as the current baronial additament. Alternatively, a feudal steel tilting helm garnished in gold, that may be shown affronté, may appear, or a helmet of some other degree if the baron holds a higher rank, such as a lordship of parliament.

Supporters[edit]

Supporters, are now usually reserved for the holders of the older baronies (chartered before 1587) and those that have been in continuous family ownership. In England, supporters are reserved for the peerage, and a Scottish baron who approaches the English College of Arms is not allowed supporters. A compartment has occasionally been granted to barons, representing their territories, even in cases where there are no supporters.

Badge and Flags[edit]

A badge – distinct from the crest – as a separate armorial device, is not necessarily a feature of the arms. The badge may be used by the "tail" or following of a landowner baron. The grant is linked to the baron’s pennon, a heraldic flag, in the livery colours that carries a large representation of the badge. The pennon is blazoned in the grant or matriculation. The livery colours are usually the two most prominent colours of the arms themselves.

A Standard – an elongated shape, tapering from 1.2 m down to 60 cm, with the fly edge split and rounded (lanceolate). The length is according to rank, from 7.5 m for the Sovereign down to 3.5 m for a Knight, Baron or Chief. It bears the Arms as on the shield, with the tail parted per fess with the Crest, Badge and/or Supporter, plus the motto on one or more Ribands. The Standard is set before the Baron/Chief's tent (as it’s a “Headquarters” flag and does not indicate that the Armiger is in residence) rather than carried like the banner. A Standard requires a separate grant by the Lord Lyon and is only made under certain conditions.

A Guidon – one-third shorter than a Standard and tapering to a round, unsplit end at the fly. These are assigned by Lord Lyon to individuals who have Supporters to their Arms, and to others who have a following – those in a position of leadership or some official position.

A Pennon – a smaller, elongated flag 4 ft long with a pointed, rounded or swallow-tailed end, designed to be displayed on a lance, assigned by Lord Lyon King to an Armiger who applies for one. It is charged with the personal heraldic badge or some other armorial ensign of the owner.

A Banner – a square or rectangular upright representation of the Arms designed for carrying in warfare or tournaments, but now flown as a “house flag” when the Armiger is in residence and is NOT the flag of the Clan or Family. Originally, conspicuous gallantry in battle was marked by cutting off the tail of the Standard or Pennon, turning it into a Banner. Strictly speaking, the sizes and shapes are:

Square banner – Sovereign, 1.5 m square; Dukes; 1.25 m sq; Earls, 1.1 m sq; Viscounts and Barons, 1 m sq; Baronets and feudal barons, 0.9 m sq; other Armigers, 70 cm wide x 85 cm high

Rectangular banner – typically in the ratio 3:2, or 5:4 when flown as the “house flag” of an Armiger.

Carrying flag – this should be sized as follows (width x height): Peers, 1.2 m x 1.5 m; Feudal Barons, 90 cm x 115 cm; Chiefs, 85 cm x 110 cm; Chieftains, 80 cm x 90 cm.

A Ensign may be occasionally granted and blazoned. This is a square flag, smaller than the flying banner, and carrying the full embroidered achievement (arms, crest, motto), again fringed in livery colours.

A Pipe banner – rather similar to a Banner, but of a size to fit on the longest drone of the pipes (usually 45 cm) and richly decorated with gold fringing, tassles and the like. The pipe banner for a Chief who is also a Peer or a Feudal Baron should have a rounded end extending beyond the length, and any other Chief a split rounded end. A feudal baron is authorised two pipers.

List of Feudal Baronies (created before 1707)[edit]

Below is a list of some Scottish feudal baronies created before 1707; this list does not include Scottish feudal baronies created between that year and 1824, when the most recent creation of a Scottish feudal barony occurred.


When updating this list, please create for each new entry a separate, wikified article titled "Scottish feudal barony of X", which records a brief biography of the previous incumbent and is wikilinked to this list. Please do not simply delete the name of the previous incumbent. Individual articles should be produced for the history of each barony, except that where few or no verifiable and detailed sources exist, histories should start with the current or previous holder and may take the form of sections within existing articles on the caput's village, town, or castle.
Barony County Created Baron Succeeded
Abbotshall Fife Harold Robert Peerenboom
Abergeldie Aberdeenshire John Howard Seton Gordon 1963
Abernethy Perthshire HE Mahfouz Marei Mubarak bin Mahfouz, GCMLJ, FRSA 2008
Aboyne Aberdeenshire James Martin Donald
Aden Aberdeenshire 1333 James Cecil Cumine Russell 1995
Aiket Ayrshire
Alford Kerry Alfred Hamer
Anstruther & Balcaskie Sir Ralph Hugo Anstruther
Arbroath Angus Alan Frank Bartlett
Ardblair & Gask Perthshire Laurence Philip Kington Blair Oliphant 1979
Ardgour Argyllshire Giancarlo Bonifazi 1998
Ardgowan Renfrewshire Professor Stephen Kerr
Ardrossan Ayrshire 1357
Ardgrain[17] Aberdeenshire
Ardoch Dumbarton Thomas Andrew Wilson Neilson Mackay 1987
Arndilly Morayshire David Ronald Menzies
Arnisdale Ross and Cromarty William Paterson
Arnot Fife Benjamin John Howard Gray
Arran Ayrshire Willi Ernst Sturzenegger 1995
Auchendarroch Argyllshire Keir Charles Campbell
Auchindoir Aberdeenshire Alisdair John Barlas
Auchinleck Ayrshire Valentine Bennett
Auchmacoy Aberdeenshire David William Sinclair Buchan
Auchtermuzie
Auchterutherstruther Fife Abigail Busch Reisinger
Auchreoch Perthshire Martin Melvin Cruikshank 1976
Ayton Berwickshire Ian Liddell-Grainger 2007
Balcaskie Fife Major Timothy Edward Lumisden Strange
Baldoon Wigtownshire Christopher Busch Reisinger
Balfluig Aberdeenshire Mark Iain Tennant
Ballencrieff East Lothian [18] 1974
Ballencrieff West Lothian Junaid Abbas Bhatti
Ballindalloch Banffshire Clare Nancy Russell
Ballumbie Angus Robert Williamson 1997
Balquhain Aberdeenshire Nelson Lee Len Ying 1995
Balvenie Banffshire Hammond Burke Nicholson 1995–2006
Banchory Kincardineshire Kenneth Ian Rush Lumsden
Bannockburn Stirlingshire The Stafford Trust 2005
Barnbarroch James Edward Vans
Barnis Forbes Aberdeenshire Daphne Romy
Barra Ian Roderick Macneil 1970
Bathgate
Beauly
Biggar Lanarkshire Charles Russell Clayton Ross
Benholm Kincardine Roderick Strachan
Brigton Angus 1761 Marion Elizabeth Charlotte Macmillan Douglas 1938
Blackburn Prof Ranjit Kumar Chandra
Blackford Perthshire Richard Welkowitz 1999
Blackhall Renfrewshire 1395 Robert Brown Gillespie, OBE 2002
Blair Alfred Hill Glenn 1997
Blairbuis Timothy Busch Reisinger
Bognie, Mountblairy & Frendraught Banffshire Alexander Gordon Morison
Bombie Kirkcudbrightshire Professor Barrie Owen Pettman
Botile (Buittle) Kirkcudbrightshire 1315
Braemar
Buchan Forest Kirkcudbrightshire Timothy Busch Reisinger
Lordship and Barony of Buncle and Preston Berwickshire Olivier Fuchs of Cockburn
Buquhollie & Freswick Caithness Ivor John Spencer-Thomas
Busbye Wigtownshire early 16th century Houston family until 18th century
Byres
Cambusnethan Lanarkshire 1315 Terence Alvis of Lee 1988
Carmichael Lanarkshire Richard John Carmichael
Carnoustie Angus James Langan
Carnysmul Carnysmule Carnymul Carnesmole Carnysmolle (Kirkinner) Wigtownshire April 1372
Carstairs Lanarkshire Christopher Busch Reisinger
Cartsburn Renfrewshire 1669 Dr. Pier Felice degli Uberti 2010
Castle Stewart
Cavers Roxburgh Professor Andre Nathaniel-Rock, Baron of Cavers
Clackmannan Clackmannanshire c1334
Clary Hope Reisinger Cobera
Cleghorn Lanarkshire Andrew Macmillan
Closeburn Dumfriesshire Luis Kirkpatrick
Clugstoun Clugistoun Wigtownshire prior 1471
Cluny Aberdeenshire Robert Alexander Craig Linzee Gordon
Cluny Fife Stuart Gordon Crane 1997
Cockburn Berwickshire Olivier Fuchs 2008
Cockenzie Robert Adam Garrison
Coigach[19] Wester Ross 1511 Christopher Anthony Devonshire-Ellis 2011
Coldingham[20] Berwickshire Dr Peter Leando 2012
Coldingknows
Coll-Earn & Elphinstone Stirlingshire Bailey Bruce McCune 1988
Colstoun East Lothian Ludovic Davis Broun-Lindsay
Corrachree Aberdeenshire Alexander Richard Barlas
Corsewall Timothy Busch Reisinger
Corstorphine 1431 Michael John Milne 2005
Cowdenknowes [4] Roxburgh Jan 15 1634 Mark John Harden 2002
Coxton Morayshire 1686 Sir David Charles Kenneth Gordon Innes
Craichlaw Crachlew Crauchlew Crachlow Craichlew Craichlo Wigtownshire prior 14 July 1459
Craighall
Craigie Angus (Forfar) 1666 Rabbi Robert Owen Thomas 2011
Craigievar Aberdeenshire Sir John Alexander Cumnock Forbes
Crichton Midlothian Henry Burn-Callander
Crimond Aberdeenshire Raymond Alexander Carnegie
Cromar Aberdeenshire
Cromarty Cromartyshire John Bartholomew Wakelyn Nightingale
Crommey Banffshire Michael Thomas Innes 1978
Cruggleton Crigitoun Wigtownshire 1325 or prior
Culbin Morayshire William Busch Reisinger
Cumbernauld Lanarkshire 1314
Cushnie Aberdeenshire Alan Trantor Robertson 2004
Dairsie Fife Christopher Bentham Ruffle
Danira and Comrie
Delvine Perthshire
Denboig (Dunbog) Fife Kenneth Lee MacLean
Denny Stirlingshire 16th century 2011
Dinnet Aberdeenshire J. M. Marcus Humphrey
Dirleton East Lothian 1220 Camilo Agasim-Pereira 2002
Dolphinstoun East Lothian Dr Julian Gawain Clifford Wills 2000
Drum Kincardineshire David Charles Irvine
Duart & Morvern Argyll 1631 Sir Lachlan Hector Charles MacLean 1990
Dudhope Angus 1542
Dunconnel Sir Charles Edward MacLean
Duncrub Perthshire Douglas Henry Smith
Dunure Ayrshire Brendan Roy Clouston 1997
Earlshall Fife Major Paul Veenhuizen
Echlin Edinburgh Rainer Alexander Leonard Mackenzie Kensy 2002
Edingight Banffshire John Berowald Innes
Elie & St Monans Fife Richard Joseph Vipiana
Esslemont Aberdeenshire Charles Iain Robert Wolrige-Gordon 1976
Eyemouth Berwickshire John Churchill 1682
Fairholm & Kirkton Lanarkshire James Christopher Stevenson-Hamilton
Fetternear Aberdeenshire Martin Edwin Thacker 2001
Fingalton
Finlaystone Maxwell Renfrewshire Nicholas Frederic Papanicolaou
Freuch Wigtownshire 4 August 1559 or prior
Fulwood Renfrewshire 1314 Camilo Agasim-Pereira 2002
Gala Selkirkshire John Philip Henry Schomberg Scott
Garioch Aberdeenshire 12th century
Garlies Kirkcudbrightshire 30 November 1263 Timothy Busch Reisinger
Garrallan Ayrshire John Robert Douglas Boswell
Garthland Wigtownshire prior 8 August 1637
Gartly Aberdeenshire David Charles James
Gartmore Stirling William Robert Bontine Cunninghame Graham 1996
Giffen Ayrshire Ryan Montgomery 1987
Glasserton Wigtownshire 23 October 1542 or prior
Glencammon Timothy Busch Reisinger
Glenfalloch Perthshire Norman Ross
Glengarnock
Glenluce Wigtownshire prior 12 Sep 1628 Oon Daniel
Gourdie Perthshire George Alastair Smyth Cox
Gourock Renfrewshire Claire Darroch-Thompson 2011
Gordon Easter or Gordoun Berwickshire 1150 Morange Michel
Grandhome Aberdeenshire David Romer Paton
Grantully Perthshire Henry Steuart Fothringham
Greenan Ayrshire Hope Reisinger Cobera
Greenock Renfrewshire Harry Olof Sandberg
Grougar Ayrshire 1321 David Ian McLean
Hailes East Lothian 1343 S. Malin of Hailes 2008
Haliburton and Lambden Berwickshire Richard Bruce Bernadotte Miller
Hallrule Roxburghshire Olivier Fuchs of Cockburn
Holydean Roxburghshire 1128 Taylor Forrester Moffitt
Horsbrugh Peeblesshire Michael John Baylis Chenery 1995
Inchdrewer Banffshire Olga Roh 2014
Inche Wigtownshire 16 November 1528 or prior
Innermessan or Invermessan Wigtownshire 20 April 1566 or prior
Innerwick East Lothian Victor Charles Verekar Cowley
Inneryne Argyllshire Ronald Busch Reisinger 1998
Innes Morayshire James Wilson Mitchell 2004
Jedburgh Forest Roxburghshire 3 Feb 1602 Richard Bruce Bernadotte Miller 2010
Kelly Aberdeenshire Bruce Wayne Kneller 2004
Kemnay Aberdeenshire Susan Letitia Burnett 1978
Kilbernie
Kilcoy Ross-shire Thomas Ian Robinson 1969
Kilmarnock Ayrshire 1316 Eur Ing David Ayre 2002
Kilpunt
Kilmaurs
Kincaid Heather Veronica Kincaid
Kincraig Fife James Gourlay
Kinghilt Kinhilt Kenhilt Kilhilt Wigtownshire prior 25 October 1632
Kinnairdy Banffshire Colin William Innes 1990
Kinnear Michael Jean Georges Pilette
Kippenross Stirlingshire
Kirkdale Wigtownshire Ramsey William Rainsford Hannay
Kirkliston West Lothian 1618 Andor László Oleg Vilmos v. Jaross 2002
Kirknewton Midlothian Diana Theodora Adair Hargreave 1992
Lag Dumfriesshire 1685 Margaret Hamilton
Lambden (also known as Hassington) Berwickshire
Largo Fife Ralph Hamilton Lownie 2001
Lathallan Fife Jean Alison Spens 1995
Lee Lanarkshire 1272 Terence Alvis of Lee 1978
Lenzie East Dunbartonshire 1170
Lescure Ross McPherson-Smith
Leslie Aberdeenshire David Carnegie Leslie
Leswalt Wigtownshire prior 10 Nov 1426
Lethendy Perthshire Charles Campbell Gairdner
Leys Aberdeenshire James Comyn Amherst Burnett
Liberton (or Over Liberton) Midlothian Olivier Fuchs 2009
Lochfergus Albert Edward Gazeley
The Superiority of the Lands of Lochlands Aberdeenshire
Lochnaw (see Leswalt) Wigtownshire Gordon Stanley Clifford Park Wills Prestoungrange 2004
Lochrounell Wigtownshire prior 1630
Logane Wigtownshire 29 April 1576 or prior
Loncastell Wigtownshire 30 July 1551 or prior
Marchmont Berwickshire Roland Eugen Staehli 1996
MacDonald Skye Godfrey Bosville-Macdonald
MacDuff
Martyn-Kennedy alias Frethrid Wigtownshire 10 January 1541-2 or prior
Mearns Renfrewshire David Leslie Thorpe 2002
Melfort Argyll Hugh Campbell-Gibson 1360s
Menie Aberdeenshire Michael Woodley 1995
Mertoun Wigtownshire 8 July 1504
Midmar Aberdeenshire Richard Farrington Wharton
Miltonhaven Kincardineshire William Alexander Newlands
Mochrum Wigtownshire 11 August 1472 or prior
Montgomerie Wigtownshire prior 25 October 1636
Mouswald Dumfriesshire
Moy Argyll Lorne Gillean Iain Maclaine
Mureth Wigtownshire 28 January 1514 or prior
Myrton Wigtownshire Professor Mark Watson-Gandy
Newton Stirlingshire 3 Apr 1685 Philip David Pickering
Ochtercoull
Ormiston
Peaston (or Paistoun) East Lothian Robert Garrett Jackson of Paistoun 2003
Penicuik Midlothian Sir John Dutton Clerk
Pitcaple Aberdeenshire Christopher Hugo Niall Burges-Lumsden
Pitcruivie Fife Douglas Meager Wallace Wagland 1996
Pitmilly Fife Peter John Gybbon-Monypenny 1987
Pittenweem Fife William Ronald Crawford Miller
Plean Stirlingshire George Alexander Way 1985
Plenderleith Roxburghshire 1306 Clifford Dewey Michael Paul Harmon II 2007
Pluscarden `
Porterfield
Portlethen Kincardineshire Maurice Charles Robert Taylor
Portrie Wigtownshire prior 25 October 1636
Preston and Prestonpans East Lothian 1460 David Ian McLean
Prestoungrange East Lothian Mathew Jonathan Clifford Wills of Prestoungrange 2004
Primside and House Site Roxburghshire
Quhithorne or Whithorn Wigtownshire 6 September 1569 or prior
Rachane Argyllshire Michael Aquino
Rannoch Perthshire 1 Sep 1502
Rattray Perthshire Philip Arthur Cumyn
Ravenstone Wigtownshire Frank Andrew Renwick 1983
Remistoun Wigtownshire 5 February 1540-41 or prior
Robertland Ayrshire 5 March 1539/40 Brian Douglas Parsons Feb 2005
Restalrig Edinburgh
Rossie Fife John Philip Oliphant
Ruchlaw East Lothian Ronald Macduff Urquhart
Rusco Kirkcudbrightshire Robert Graham Carson
Saulsait Saulset Wigtownshire prior 16 Feb 1629
Seybeggis or Seabegs Stirlingshire 15th century Dr. George M. Burden 2014
Seggieden Perthshire
Smeaton Hepburn East Lothian George Bovill Rennie Gray
Stoneywood Aberdeenshire Charles Henry Francis Mack 2000
Strathdee Aberdeenshire 1563
Strichen Aberdeenshire 1514 Massimiliano Fraser Muzzi 2014
Struan Perthshire Alexander Gilbert Haldane Robertson 1983
Swinton Berwickshire 1098 James Christopher Swinton
Teallach Dennistoun Gordon Teall
Tranent East Lothian The estate of David Garrison 2001
Traquair Perthshire 1491 Catherine Margaret Mary Maxwell-Stuart
Troup Banffshire
Urquhart Inverness-shire 1230
Urquhart Morayshire 1587 Robert A. Cromartie of Urquhart-on-Spey 2004
Twynehame Kirkcudbrightshire Daniel Paul Stephen Sharpe 1992
Wells Roxburghshire Bryce Lee West 2009
Westside Gordon Kerr
Wigtoun Lanarkshire 19 Mar 1606
Wormiston Fife Michael Patrick Spens 1970
Yeochrie Aberdeenshire Richard Downing Jacoby Stuart

[21][22]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.lyon-court.com/lordlyon/536.html
  2. ^ Professor Kenneth Reid (2003) 'The Abolition of Feudal Tenure in Scotland', Edinburgh: Tottel
  3. ^ Abolition of Feudal Tenure, etc (Scotland) Act 2000
  4. ^ Report on Abolition of Feudal System Appendix A12: See Explanatory Notes on Clause 57 Subsection (2)
  5. ^ The Court of the Lord Lyon
  6. ^ [1] The Court of the Lord Lyon
  7. ^ Scottish feudal baronies (feudal barons, feudal baron) including the oath of a knight
  8. ^ http://www.scotsbarons.org/titles_and_usages.htm
  9. ^ http://www.debretts.com/forms-of-address/titles/scottish--and-irish-titles/scottish-feudal-baronies.aspx
  10. ^ http://www.peerage.org/genealogy/Baronies.htm#Forms_of_address
  11. ^ http://www.scotsbarons.org/male_barons.htm Convention of the Baronage of Scotland - Male Barons
  12. ^ http://www.scotsbarons.org/titles_and_usages.htm Convention of the Baronage of Scotland - Titles and Usages
  13. ^ https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/118548/titles-included-in-passports.pdf page 3, UK government website
  14. ^ http://www.lyon-court.com/lordlyon/536.html News, 3 December 2008, Court of the Lord Lyon
  15. ^ http://www.tartansauthority.com/highland-dress/modern/how-to-wear-the-kilt/some-advice/
  16. ^ http://www.scotsbarons.org/hereditary_offices.htm
  17. ^ [2] Ardgrain history website. Accessed September 14th 2008.
  18. ^ "Obituary - Ainslie Nairn". Retrieved 20 January 2011. 
  19. ^ http://www.baronyofcoigach.com/
  20. ^ http://coldingham.org/index.html
  21. ^ Burke's Peerage and Gentry. Accessed 29 July 2007.
  22. ^ [3]. Accessed 01 Jan 2011.