Scottish queens dowager

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Mary of Guise was queen dowager until her death in 1560.
Styles of
Queen mother
Reference style Her Majesty
Spoken style Your Majesty
Alternative style Ma'am

Queen mother is defined as "a queen dowager who is the mother of the reigning sovereign".[1][2] The term has been used in Scotland and England since at least 1577[1] and Samuel Pepys refers to Charles II's mother Henrietta Maria as the "Queene Mother".[1] Further, she was described as the Queen Mother in early editions of the Book of Common Prayer and subsequent queen mothers were also so described in later editions.[3]

Definition[edit]

Further information: queen mother

A queen mother is therefore a person satisfying the following criteria:

  • She is the mother of the current monarch.
  • She has been queen consort.
  • The monarch, if a male, is married; if he is not, his mother retains her title of queen. (This is analogous to the mother of a peer, who is called a dowager if the peer is married but not otherwise.)

Contrary to myth, queen mother does not mean mother of the Queen and applies irrespective of whether the monarch is male or female.

A queen mother retains the style of Her Majesty that she enjoyed as queen, but there is no further coronation ceremony to reflect her changed status.

List of queen mothers[edit]

Following is a list of women who, on the above definition, were entitled to be known as queen mother at some point in their lives.

History[edit]

Following is a list of wives and mothers of Scottish monarchs, with an explanation of why each was or was not a queen mother.

House of Dunkeld[edit]

There were two clear queen mothers during the period of the House of Dunkeld.

House of Fairhair (disputed)[edit]

House of Balliol[edit]

House of Bruce[edit]

  • Margaret Drummond was the second wife of David II. They were divorced in 1369 but this was reversed by the Pope's intervenction. She outlived her husband, dying in 1375, but they had no children by their marriage.

House of Stewart[edit]

There was four queen mother during the period of the House of Stewart.

House of Stuart[edit]

There were three queen mothers during the period of the House of Stewart:

  • Catherine of Braganza, wife of Charles II. She outlived her husband, dying in 1718, but they had no children by their marriage.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Sources[edit]