Scottsville, Virginia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Not to be confused with Scottville in Powhatan County, a former name for Powhatan, Virginia.
Scottsville, Virginia
Town
Valley Street, Scottsville,Virginia
Valley Street, Scottsville,Virginia
Location of Scottsville, Virginia
Location of Scottsville, Virginia
2007 census map of Scottsville
2007 census map of Scottsville
Coordinates: 37°48′N 78°30′W / 37.800°N 78.500°W / 37.800; -78.500Coordinates: 37°48′N 78°30′W / 37.800°N 78.500°W / 37.800; -78.500
Country United States
State Virginia
Counties Albemarle, Fluvanna
Area
 • Total 1.5 sq mi (4.0 km2)
 • Land 1.5 sq mi (4.0 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 305 ft (93 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 566
 • Density 377.3/sq mi (141.5/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 24590
Area code(s) 434
FIPS code 51-70800[1]
GNIS feature ID 1500041[2]

Scottsville is a town in Albemarle and Fluvanna counties in the U.S. state of Virginia. The population was 566 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Charlottesville Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

View from hillside of Old Scott's Ferry (circa 1911)

According to Scottsville's website, the town "served as Virginia's westernmost center of government and commerce during the 1700s, when rivers were the primary means of travel in the new American wilderness." During the late 18th and the 19th centuries attempts were made to improve navigability along the James, as well as other central Virginian rivers. Part of this was the construction of a canal running roughly parallel with the James west from Richmond. Scottsville was the largest port town along this route, called the James River and Kanawha Canal. The ultimate goal of this project was to connect the Atlantic with the Ohio River via the Kanawha River. These aims were not achieved, due to interruption by the American Civil War and the efficiency of the railroads. It did however succeed in making Scottsville a busy, prominent town. In fact, thanks to a wagon road connecting Staunton to Scottsville, all of the agricultural wealth of the Shenandoah Valley poured into town en route to Richmond and the sea, thereby making Scottsville the largest grain market in the state. Trade was disrupted when Union soldiers broke the canal works in the area. Then the train came, the tracks being laid directly on the towpath of the old canal, a monument to its demise. Eventually, the train too stopped taking passengers, leaving Scottsville a sleepy country town on a coal line.

Located near Scottsville, the Hatton Ferry serves as a seasonal crossing of the James River and has been the location of a ferry since the late 1870s.

Scottsville was the birthplace of Thomas Staples Martin, who served five terms as a Democrat in the United States Senate representing Virginia.[3] Born at Scottsville in 1847, Martin served in the Confederate Army, then went on to practice law.[4]

The Scottsville Historic District, Cliffside, High Meadows, Mount Ida, and Mount Walla are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[5]

Geography[edit]

James River at Scottsville

Scottsville is located at 37°48′08″N 78°29′49″W / 37.8022°N 78.4969°W / 37.8022; -78.4969 (37.8022, -78.4969).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.5 square miles (4.0 km2), all land.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 556 people, 256 households, and 145 families residing in the town. The population density was 360.2 people per square mile (139.1/km2). There were 300 housing units at an average density of 194.7 per square mile (75.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 93.51% White, 4.68% African American, 0.72% Native American, 0.36% Asian, and 0.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.36% of the population. B

There were 256 households out of which 24.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.2% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.0% were non-families. 35.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the town the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 85.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $30,903, and the median income for a family was $41,667. Males had a median income of $31,369 versus $22,656 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,432. About 11.1% of families and 12.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.8% of those under age 18 and 11.1% of those age 65 or over.

Floods[edit]

Scottsville has been flooded several times due to its proximity to the James River. Since 1870, Scottsville has been the victim of twenty-one floods (defined as water levels of twenty feet or more above the average low water level). In 1985, the Army Corps of Engineers built a dam around the lowest portion of Scottsville, providing protection against further floods. Mayor A. Raymon Thacker spearheaded the movement to build the levee starting after Hurricane Agnes to prevent any more floods affecting Scottsville. The levee has been very effective preventing numerous floods in the post levee era.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ Hon. Thomas Staples Martin, History of Virginia, University of Virginia Library
  4. ^ Martin, Thomas Staples, 1847–1919, Biographical Dictionary of the United States Congress
  5. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 

External links[edit]