Scouting sex abuse cases

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Scouting sex abuse cases are situations where youth involved in Scouting programs have been sexually abused by someone who is also involved in the scouting program (an adult scout leader, or more rarely, a fellow scout). In some instances, formal charges have been laid, resulting in specific legal cases.

Scouting sex abuse by country[edit]

Australia[edit]

In 2004, a 48-year-old, former Scout Association of Australia leader in South Australia, Gregory John Kench, was charged with having sex with a 13-year-old boy two times. Kench was sentenced to 10 years in jail. This was his second conviction in five years for sexual abuse against Scouts. The offences occurred in 1991, 1992 and 1993.[1][2]

In September 2009, a 61-year-old man and former Scout leader in South Australia, was convicted of sexually assaulting an 11-year old boy. The abuse took place over four years in the 1980s. The man was not named to save his own teenage son from embarrassment.[3]

Canada[edit]

Past issues[edit]

Scouts Canada has had issues with volunteers sexually abusing youth in its care. Over the organization's history of more than 100 years there have been several differing approaches to handling abuse cases, not all of them in a positive manner.

It was reported in a CBC documentary that Scouts Canada had signed out-of-court confidentiality agreements with more than a dozen child sex-abuse victims. These agreements reportedly forbade the youths from revealing the amounts paid or even the fact that there was a settlement and, in one case, from making any public statement regarding the abuse. CBC researchers found that 24 lawsuits had been filed against Scouts Canada since 1995, all concerning incidents between 1960 and the 1990s, with 13 victims signing confidentiality agreements.[4] According to one lawyer who has filed several cases against Scouts Canada in the past, "she could not recall one occasion during the process of resolving a lawsuit when Scouts Canada sought to prevent a plaintiff from talking about the abuse he suffered".[5]

Two months following the documentary, Scouts Canada's Chief Commissioner apologized on YouTube to "all former Scouts who suffered harm at the hands of those who abused the trust and responsibility they had gained as volunteer Leaders in our movement".[6]

Scouts Canada stated in the video that to their knowledge, they had always reported abuse to police, and had asked independent public accounting firm KPMG to audit 350 of their files to ensure "complete confidence". They also stated that they asked Peter Dudding, CEO of the Child Welfare League of Canada, to review their youth protection policies and make recommendations.[7]

Scouts Canada, upon review of the files by KPMG, has stated that it has not always reported to police its leaders who sexually molested children in Scouting.[8] In some cases, abusers had been "removed discreetly"[9]

Modernized screening[edit]

Scouts Canada has modernized its screening practices for adult members. Applicants must complete a Police Record Check with Vulnerable Sector Check (which would turn up pardoned sex offenses). As well, local volunteers interview applicants and check the multiple references they must provide. Scouts Canada volunteers are prohibited from being with a youth member alone; two fully screened volunteers are required to be present at all times. In the event that volunteers are suspected of misconduct, policy requires that they are immediately suspended and the relevant authorities are notified with all information shared.[10]

Scouts Canada provides with some of its handbooks, and online, a booklet called How to Protect Your Children from Child Abuse: A Parent's Guide.[11] In addition, it is a badge requirement in the Scout program for parents and youth to review a portion of How to Protect Your Children from Child Abuse: A Parent's Guide [12]

Individual cases[edit]

Richard Turley is a Canadian who had abused children in California. In 1979, the Boy Scouts of America told Turley to return to Canada, not warning Scouts Canada of Turley’s criminal behavior. In 1996, Turley was convicted of an assault four boys, three of whom were scouts, in Victoria, British Columbia. He was sentenced to seven years in prison. A group committee chair had complained about Turley's behaviour and he was told to leave his troop, but he then joined a different troop.[13]

In 1997, John Adams, a former Scouts Canada leader, was sentenced to 16 months in jail for sexually assaulting a young Ottawa, Ontario scout. The abuse occurred from 1979 to 1985, from the time the youth was 9 to 15 years old, and took place in the offender’s home and Scouts Canada properties.[14]

In 2001, Brian Durham, a former Kitchener, Ontario Scout leader, pleaded guilty to 27 counts of assault, sexual touching, and counseling to commit sexual acts. Many more charges were dropped in exchange for his guilty plea. The offenses were committed against 20 children from January 1991 to March 2000. Separately, the court was handling six additional charges against Durham based on offenses he committed in 1973 and 1974 when he was a minor. The charges are under the now-defunct Juvenile Delinquents Act.[15][16]

England[edit]

A 37-year old man from Norwich, England who had been a former Scout leader pleaded guilty in 2009 to five charges of having sex with a child. The sexual activity started about 2004, when the child was 13 years old, and continued for three years. The offender, Julien Pike, was sentenced to four years in jail. In reaction to the case, an official of The Scout Association said, "The association is aware that Julien Pike has pleaded guilty to the charges laid before him. Pike was suspended from any form of contact with the movement as soon as we were aware of the arrest. The Scout Association carries out stringent vetting of all adults who work with young people." [17][18]

In April 2011, David Burland, 53, of the 1st Burnham-on-Sea Scout Group in Somerset, was bailed to appear before Taunton Deane Magistrates' Court after being charged with 12 indecent assaults, 13 counts of sexual assault, four counts of gross indecency and six of inciting a boy to engage in sexual activity. These charges relate to the alleged abuse of boys under the age of 16. Burland also faces a charge of sexual assault and indecent exposure relating to a girl under 16.[19] Burland had been involved in the Scout movement since the 1990s.[20]

On 25 April 2011, 44-year old Steven Etherington, from Pocklington, East Riding of Yorkshire, was found guilty of two counts of sexual assault. He bound the hands and feet of one boy and whipped him with a wet tea towel for not wearing a high-vis vest while cycling. Another boy was staked to the ground and tied to tent pegs in a star shape to teach him not to be ticklish. Etherington was The Scout Associations' child protection officer, in charge of training scout leaders across the Yorkshire district.[21]

Ireland[edit]

In 2003, John O’Leary, a 42-year old man and former Scout leader was sentenced to three years in prison. The Cork City resident and father of two was charged with having performed oral sex on an 11-year old Boy Scout more than 20 years earlier at Scout camps. The victim, who was not named, "...said he had gone through hell since he was sexually assaulted, suffering depression and having relationship problems. He said the day in court was a long time coming, and added that because of the abuse, he had been permanently stained for life.” [22]

In 2008, Wilson Reid, a 49-year-old Scout leader in Portadown, Northern Ireland, was arrested and charged with count of rape, three counts of indecent assault against a male child and one count of supplying intoxicating substances to a person under 18. These incidents took place in 1997 and 1998.[23]

New Zealand[edit]

A number of sex abuse cases have occurred in the scouting movement in New Zealand.

In 1996 Donald John MacFarlane was convicted and fined $15,000 for indecently assaulting two boys. He was a scout leader for one of the boys. The abuse happened in Southland between January 1972 and December 1974.[24]

In 1999 David John White, a scout leader in the Porirua suburb of Whitby, pleaded guilty to eight charges of indecently assaulting scouts at his home between 1984 and 1998. Two other scout leaders, Thomas Donahue and Neville Palmer from Whitby, were also prosecuted for indecent assault.[25]

Two Auckland scout leaders, Andrew John Pybus and Nigel Richard Fenemor, were jailed in 2005 for seven years for sexually assaulting two boys under the age of 16.[26]

In 2006 Ken Matheson was found guilty of two cases of sexual assault of a scout between November 1989 and November 1993. Seven allegations were initially made against him.[27]

Scotland[edit]

In 2006, Alan Grant, a 42-year old man who had held Scouting leadership positions in Scotland for more than 20 years, admitted to abusing two 15-year old boys in his home in 2006. To entice the boys to visit his home, Grant had set up a “fake camp,” complete with fake parent authorization forms, and obtained the parents’ permission for the boys to attend. Instead, the boys were taken to his home and given alcohol before the abuse took place. He was sentenced to nine months in jail. In response, the Scottish Scouting Association representative said the organization’s background checks were as “robust’ as they could be.”[28]

Earlier in 2006, Paul Firth, a former Scottish Scout Association leader, was jailed for a "indecency involving boys as young as eight between 1974 to 1996" [29]

United States[edit]

There were 2,000 US cases of abuse within the Boy Scouts of America before 1994, and one abuse incident was as recent as 2006.[30][31] As a result, the Boy Scouts of America, the largest US youth organization with 4 million members, created a sex abuse education and prevention program in the 1980s called the Youth Protection program to help address the problem.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Scout Leader Jailed for 10 Years for Sex Abuse", ABC News, Australia, September 30, 2004.
  2. ^ "Scoutmaster jailed for abusing boy", Sydney [Australia] Morning Herald, September 30, 2004 5:00PM.
  3. ^ "Scout Leader Overstepped Mark with Boys", ABC Perth, September 17, 2009.
  4. ^ "Scouts Canada sex settlements kept secret: Confidentiality agreements 'chilling' to sex abuse victims, says lawyer". CBC News. 2011-10-24. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  5. ^ "Scouts Canada dismisses reports didn't share child abuse allegations". Vancouver Sun. 
  6. ^ Steve Kent (2011-12-08). "Scouts Canada Apology". Scouts Canada/YouTube. Retrieved 2012-02-18. 
  7. ^ "Scouts Canada Announces Continued Steps to Strengthen Child and Youth Protection Policies, Issues Public Apology to Those Who Suffered Past Harm". Scouts Canada. 2011-12-09. Retrieved 2012-02-18. 
  8. ^ "Scouts Canada admits not all past sexual abuse reported to police". CBC News. 2012-02-17. Retrieved 2012-02-18. 
  9. ^ "Scout leaders quietly removed, documents reveal". CBC News. 2012-02-17. Retrieved 2012-02-18. 
  10. ^ "Youth Protection". Scouts Canada. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  11. ^ "How to Protect Your Children from Child Abuse: A Parent's Guide". Scouts Canada. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  12. ^ http://www.scouts.ca/sites/default/files/S-VoyageurPersonalDevelopment.pdf
  13. ^ Judith Lavoie (2011-10-28). "Scout leaders had concern about pedophile's behaviour before crimes revealed". Montreal Gazette. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  14. ^ Tony Lofaro (1997-03-13). "Sex assault victim sues Scouts Canada". The Spectator, Hamilton. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  15. ^ Frances Barrick (2001-01-20). "Ex-Scout leader sexually abused 20 children over 30 years ; Kitchener man pleads guilty to 27 charges". Toronto Star. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  16. ^ Carol Goodwin (2000-10-24). "Former scout leader set to appear in court twice in coming months". The Record, Kitchener. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  17. ^ "Scout leader jailed for boy abuse", BBC News, November 29, 2009.
  18. ^ "Norwich Scout Leader Accused of Child Sex Offenses", Evening News 24, Norwich, England, July 21, 2009.
  19. ^ "Scout leader abuse charges", Southwest Business, April 15, 2011.
  20. ^ "Somerset scout leader faces sex abuse charges", BBC News, April 14, 2011.
  21. ^ "Scoutmaster, 44, who tied up boy scouts in bizarre punishment rituals found guilty of two sexual assault charges", Daily Mail, April 25, 2011.
  22. ^ "Former Scout Leader Jailed for Child Abuse", RTÉ News, Dublin, Ireland. 13 February 2003.
  23. ^ "Ex Scout Boss Held in Kid Abuse Claim", Galloway Gazette, June 26, 2008
  24. ^ Claridge, Anna (2003-01-28). "Cyf "Child, Youth and Family" Pobe [Probe?] Manager's Sex Abuse Record". The Southland Times. 
  25. ^ "Sex Abuse Victim Rejects Scout Leader's Apology". Waikato Times. 1999-04-09. 
  26. ^ Dye, Stuart (2005-02-09). "Scout Pair Jailed for Child Abuse". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  27. ^ "Scout Boss Found Guilty of Sex Abuse". The Southland Times. 2006-05-16. 
  28. ^ "Scout Leader Jailed for Boy Abuse", BBC News, 5 December 2006.
  29. ^ "Scout leader jailed for sex abuse". BBC News. 2006-06-29. Retrieved 2010-05-23. 
  30. ^ Outline of Patrick Boyle book Scouts Honor. University of Maryland website.
  31. ^ "Former Orem Boy Scout Leader Sentenced", by Janice Peterson, Daily Herald, Provo, Utah, August 18, 2009.

Further reading[edit]