Scrabble letter distributions

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A full English-language set of Scrabble tiles

Many editions of the word board game Scrabble vary in the letter distribution of the tiles, because the frequency of each letter of the alphabet is different for every language. As a general rule, the rarer the letter the more points it is worth.

Many languages use sets of 102 tiles, since the original distribution of one hundred tiles was later augmented with two blank tiles. In tournament play, while it is acceptable to pause the game to count the tiles remaining in the game, it is not acceptable to mention how many tiles are remaining at any time.[1] Several online tools exist for counting tiles during friendly play.[2]

Table of contents

English[edit]

Scrabble letter distribution
(English: Quantities across, point values down)
×1 ×2 ×3 ×4 ×6 ×8 ×9 ×12
0 (Blank)
1 L S U N R T O A I E
2 G D
3 B C M P
4 F H V W Y
5 K
8 J X
10 Q Z

English-language editions of Scrabble contain 100 letter tiles, in the following distribution:

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: E ×12, A ×9, I ×9, O ×8, N ×6, R ×6, T ×6, L ×4, S ×4, U ×4
  • 2 points: D ×4, G ×3
  • 3 points: B ×2, C ×2, M ×2, P ×2
  • 4 points: F ×2, H ×2, V ×2, W ×2, Y ×2
  • 5 points: K ×1
  • 8 points: J ×1, X ×1
  • 10 points: Q ×1, Z ×1

The total number of points is 187.

When Alfred Butts invented the game, he initially experimented with different distributions of letters.[3] A popular story claims that Butts created an elaborate chart by studying the front page of the New York Times to create his final choice of letter distributions,[4] but it is likely apocryphal.[citation needed]

In 2004, a new product, Super Scrabble, was launched. For international distribution outside the United States and Canada, and under license from Mattel, the game is manufactured by Leisure Trends' Tinderbox Games; and, for distribution within the United States and Canada, under license from Hasbro, the game is manufactured by Winning Moves. This set is composed of 200 tiles, in this distribution:

  • 4 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: E ×24, A ×16, O ×15, T ×15, I ×13, N ×13, R ×13, S ×10, L ×7, U ×7
  • 2 points: D ×8, G ×5
  • 3 points: C ×6, M ×6, B ×4, P ×4
  • 4 points: H ×5, F ×4, W ×4, Y ×4, V ×3
  • 5 points: K ×2
  • 8 points: J ×2, X ×2
  • 10 points: Q ×2, Z ×2

The over- and underlines indicate modifications from double the original distribution, with overlines indicating more than double the original distribution, and underlines indicating fewer.

Afrikaans[edit]

Afrikaans editions use these 102 tiles:

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: E ×16, A ×9, I ×8, N ×8, D ×6, O ×6, R ×6, S ×6, T ×6
  • 2 points: G ×4, H ×3, L ×3
  • 3 points: K ×3, W ×3
  • 4 points: M ×2, U ×2, Y ×2
  • 5 points: P ×2, V ×2
  • 8 points: B ×1, F ×1
  • 10 points: J ×1

Afrikaans uses the letters Z and X, but so infrequently that there are no tiles for them in the standard set. A blank can still be used as a Z or an X. There are also no tiles for C and Q as these letters are not used at all in Afrikaans, except for in a few loanwords.

Arabic[edit]

Arabic Scrabble letters

Arabic-language editions use the following 100 tiles:

Although Arabic letters have up to four forms, Scrabble tiles only make use of the isolated form. This pattern of composing words is also found in Arabic crosswords and is one of the rare situations when Arabic letters are not connected to each other.

Armenian[edit]

Armenian-language editions use the following 146 tiles:[5] The board is 17x17 squares instead of 15x15.[6] This version is called ԲԱՈ ԽԱՆ (bao khagh, meaning words game) and is not an official edition by Mattel.

  • 3 blank tiles (which use 0 points)
  • 1 point: Ա (ayb) 18, Ե (yech) ×10, Ի (ini) ×10, Ո (vo) ×8, Կ (ken) ×7, Ն (nu) ×7, Ս (seh) ×6
  • 2 points: Տ (tioun) ×5, Ր (reh) ×5, Ւ (hioun) ×5, Է (eh) ×4, Հ (ho) ×4, Մ (men) ×4, Յ (yi) ×4, Պ (peh) ×4
  • 3 points: Լ (lioun) ×4, Բ (ben) ×3, Գ (gim) ×3, Դ (da) ×3, Ք (k'eh) ×3, Վ (vew) ×2
  • 4 points: Խ (kheh) ×2, Շ (sha) ×2, Ռ (rra) ×2
  • 5 points: Թ (t'o) 2, Ծ (tsa) ×2, Ղ (ghat) ×2, Ց (c'o) ×2
  • 6 points: Զ (za) ×1, Ճ (cheh) ×1, Չ (ch'a) ×1, Ջ (jheh) ×1
  • 8 points: Ժ (zhe) ×1, Ձ (dza) ×1, Փ (p'iour) ×1, Օ (o) ×1
  • 10 points: Ը (ët') ×1, Ֆ (feh) ×1

Basque[edit]

Basque-language Scrabble sets use these 100 tiles.[7] Called Euskarbel, this is not an official edition by Mattel.

  • 2 blank tiles scoring 0 points
  • 1 point: A ×14, E ×12, I ×9, N ×8, O ×6, T ×6, U ×6
  • 2 points: K ×5, R ×5
  • 3 points: D ×4
  • 4 points: B ×3, Z ×3
  • 5 points: G ×2, H ×2, L ×2, S ×2
  • 8 points: J ×1, M ×1, P ×1, RR ×1, TS ×1, TX ×1, TZ ×1
  • 10 points: F ×1, X ×1

C, Ç, Ñ, Q, V, W and Y are absent because they are only used in loanwords. Digraphs can be formed with two tiles.[8]

Breton[edit]

Breton-language Scrabble sets use these 100 tiles.[9]

  • 2 -(hyphen) tiles scoring 0 points
  • 1 point: E ×14, A ×12, N ×9, R ×7, O ×6, T ×5, U ×5, I ×4, L ×4
  • 2 points: D ×4
  • 3 points: G ×3, S ×3, V ×3, H ×2
  • 4 points: B ×2, K ×2, M ×2, Z ×2, ZH ×2, CH ×1, C'H ×1
  • 5 points: P ×1
  • 10 points: F ×1, J ×1, W ×1, Y ×1

C, Q, and X are absent because they are only used in loanwords or, in the case of C, the digraphs CH and C'H. Diacritical marks are ignored.

Bulgarian[edit]

Bulgarian-language Scrabble sets, which use Cyrillic letters, use the following 102 tiles:

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: А ×9, О ×9, Е ×8, И ×8, Т ×5, Н ×4, П ×4, Р ×4, С ×4
  • 2 points: В ×4, Д ×4, М ×4, Б ×3, К ×3, Л ×3
  • 3 points: Г ×3, Ъ ×2
  • 4 points: Ж ×2, З ×2
  • 5 points: У ×3, Ч ×2, Я ×2, Й ×1, Х ×1
  • 8 points: Ц ×1, Ш ×1, Ю ×1
  • 10 points: Ф ×1, Щ ×1, Ь ×1

Catalan[edit]

A full Catalan-language set.

Catalan-language editions use these 100 tiles.

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: E ×13, A ×12, I ×8, R ×8, S ×8, N ×6, O ×5, T ×5, L ×4, U ×4
  • 2 points: C ×3, D ×3, M ×3
  • 3 points: B ×2, G ×2, P ×2
  • 4 points: F ×1, V ×1
  • 8 points: H ×1, J ×1, Q ×1, Z ×1
  • 10 points: Ç ×1, L·L ×1, NY ×1, X ×1

Accents and diaereses are ignored; for example, À is played as A. Nevertheless, there are special tiles for the C with cedilla Ç (ce trencada), the sign L·L representing the geminated ell (ela geminada), as well as the digraph NY. Playing an N tile followed by a blank tile to form the digraph NY is not allowed. Official rules treat the Q tile as just one letter, but usually Catalan players use the Q tile like the QU digraph and all Catalan Scrabble Clubs use this de facto rule.[1] (Catalan) K, W, and Y are absent because they are only used in loanwords or, in the case of Y, the digraph NY.

There is a Catalan Scrabble clone which uses the same 21x21 board as Super Scrabble.[10] It includes the following 196 tiles:

  • 5 wild (asterisk) tiles scoring 0 points
  • 1 point: E ×27, A ×25, S ×18, I ×17, R ×15, N ×12, O ×10, T ×10, L ×7, U ×6
  • 2 points: M ×6, C ×5, D ×5
  • 3 points: B ×3, G ×3, P ×3
  • 4 points: F ×2, V ×2
  • 8 points: H ×2, J ×2, QU ×2, Z ×2
  • 10 points: NY ×2, X ×2
  • 12 points: Ç ×2
  • 15 points: L·L ×1

Croatian[edit]

Croatian-language Scrabble sets use the following 103 tiles:

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: A ×11, I ×10, E ×9, O ×9, N ×6, R ×5, S ×5, T ×5, J ×4, U ×4
  • 2 points: K ×3, M ×3, P ×3, V ×3
  • 3 points: D ×3, G ×2, L ×2, Z ×2, B ×1, Č ×1
  • 4 points: C ×1, H ×1, LJ ×1, NJ ×1, Š ×1, Ž ×1
  • 5 points: Ć ×1
  • 8 points: F ×1
  • 10 points: ×1, Đ ×1

Q, W, X and Y are not included, as Croatian does not use those letters.

Czech[edit]

Czech-language sets use the following 100 tiles:

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: O ×6, A ×5, E ×5, N ×5, I ×4, S ×4, T ×4, V ×4, D ×3, K ×3, L ×3, P ×3, R ×3
  • 2 points: C ×3, H ×3, Í ×3, M ×3, U ×3, Á ×2, J ×2, Y ×2, Z ×2
  • 3 points: B ×2, É ×2, Ě ×2
  • 4 points: Ř ×2, Š ×2, Ý ×2, Č ×1, Ů ×1, Ž ×1
  • 5 points: F ×1, G ×1, Ú ×1
  • 6 points: Ň ×1
  • 7 points: Ó ×1, Ť ×1
  • 8 points: Ď ×1
  • 10 points: X ×1

Q and W are absent because they are only used in loanwords, though W can be played with a blank.[11]

Dakelh[edit]

Dakelh-language Scrabble sets use these 98 tiles.[12]

  • 1 point: H ×10, U ×10, N ×8, A ×7, I ×7, L ×7, O ×7, T ×7, ' (apostrophe) ×7
  • 2 points: E ×5, S ×5
  • 3 points: D ×4, Z ×3
  • 4 points: K ×2
  • 5 points: G ×2, Y ×2
  • 7 points: W ×1
  • 8 points: B ×1
  • 10 points: C ×1, J ×1, M ×1

F, P, Q, R, V, and X are absent because these letters are not used in Dakelh.

Danish[edit]

Danish-language Scrabble sets use these 100 tiles.

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: E ×9, A ×7, N ×6, R ×6
  • 2 points: D ×5, L ×5, O ×5, S ×5, T ×5
  • 3 points: B ×4, I ×4, K ×4, F ×3, G ×3, M ×3, U ×3, V ×3
  • 4 points: H ×2, J ×2, P ×2, Y ×2, Æ ×2, Ø ×2, Å ×2
  • 8 points: C ×2, X ×1, Z ×1

This distribution lacks Q and W, which are rare in the Danish language.

Dutch[edit]

Dutch-language editions consist of the following 102 tiles:

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: E ×18, N ×10, A ×6, O ×6, I ×4
  • 2 points: D ×5, R ×5, S ×5, T ×5
  • 3 points: G ×3, K ×3, L ×3, M ×3, B ×2, P ×2
  • 4 points: U ×3, F ×2, H ×2, J ×2, V ×2, Z ×2
  • 5 points: C ×2, W ×2
  • 8 points: X ×1, Y ×1
  • 10 points: Q ×1

Prior to March 1998, there was a difference between the Dutch and the Flemish version: the Dutch version had 2 IJ tiles with a value of 4 points. Furthermore, it had only 1 F and only 4 S tiles; and the face value of the G was only 2 points. The Flemish version never had IJ tiles, it was as described above. The Dutch version is now in line with the Flemish one. Instead of the IJ letter a combination of the I and J is now used.

Another Dutch version prior to March 1998 consisted of these 100 tiles:

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: E ×16, N ×8, A ×6, O ×6, I ×4
  • 2 points: D ×5, R ×5, S ×5, T ×5
  • 3 points: K ×3, L ×3, M ×3, P ×3, B ×2, G ×2
  • 4 points: U ×4, F ×2, H ×2, J ×2, V ×2, IJ ×2, Z ×2
  • 5 points: C ×2, W ×2
  • 8 points: X ×1
  • 10 points: Q ×1

Esperanto[edit]

Esperanto Scrabble exists as an Internet game (Rules for Esperanto scrabble) and as a commercially-produced custom set.[13]
Esperanto-language sets use these 100 tiles:

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points).
  • 1 point: A ×8, E ×8, I ×8, O ×8, N ×6, R ×6, S ×6, L ×4, T ×4, U ×4
  • 2 points: K ×4, M ×4, D ×3, J ×3, P ×3
  • 3 points: F ×2, G ×2, Ĝ ×2, V ×2
  • 4 points: B ×2, Ĉ ×2, C ×1, Ŝ ×1
  • 5 points: Z ×1
  • 8 points: H ×1, Ŭ ×1
  • 10 points: Ĥ ×1, Ĵ ×1

Q, W, X, and Y are not present, since Esperanto does not use those letters.

Estonian[edit]

Estonian-language editions consist of the following 102 tiles:

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: A ×10, E ×9, I ×9, S ×8, T ×7, K ×5, L ×5, O ×5, U ×5
  • 2 point: D ×4, M ×4, N ×4, R ×2
  • 3 point: G ×2, V ×2
  • 4 point: B ×1, H ×2, J ×2, P ×2, Õ ×2
  • 5 point: Ä ×2, Ü ×2
  • 6 point: Ö ×2
  • 8 point: F ×1
  • 10 point: Š ×1, Z ×1, Ž ×1

The distribution lacks C, Q, W, X, and Y, since they are used in foreign words. Arguably F, Š, Z, and Ž are not used natively in Estonian, but they are included as they are used for borrowed words.

Finnish[edit]

Finnish-language sets use these 100 tiles:

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: A ×10, I ×10, N ×9, T ×9, E ×8, S ×7
  • 2 points: K ×5, L ×5, O ×5, Ä ×5
  • 3 points: U ×4, M ×3
  • 4 points: H ×2, J ×2, P ×2, R ×2, V ×2, Y ×2
  • 7 points: D ×1, Ö ×1
  • 8 points: B ×1, F ×1, G ×1
  • 10 points: C ×1

This distribution lacks Q, Š, W, X, Z, Ž, and Å, since they are virtually absent in Finnish.

French[edit]

A complete French Scrabble set

French-language editions of Scrabble contain these 102 tiles:

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: E ×15, A ×9, I ×8, N ×6, O ×6, R ×6, S ×6, T ×6, U ×6, L ×5
  • 2 points: D ×3, M ×3, G ×2
  • 3 points: B ×2, C ×2, P ×2
  • 4 points: F ×2, H ×2, V ×2
  • 8 points: J ×1, Q ×1
  • 10 points: K ×1, W ×1, X ×1, Y ×1, Z ×1

Diacritical marks are ignored.

See also[edit]

German[edit]

German-language editions of Scrabble contain 102 letter tiles, in the following distribution:

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: E ×15, N ×9, S ×7, I ×6, R ×6, T ×6, U ×6, A ×5, D ×4
  • 2 points: H ×4, G ×3, L ×3, O ×3
  • 3 points: M ×4, B ×2, W ×1, Z ×1
  • 4 points: C ×2, F ×2, K ×2, P ×1
  • 6 points: Ä ×1, J ×1, Ü ×1, V ×1
  • 8 points: Ö ×1, X ×1
  • 10 points: Q ×1, Y ×1

Note that the letter ß (Eszett) is not used. This is due to the fact that it does not exist as a capital letter in German. While a majuscule ß (see Capital ß) has been established in the context of computing (Unicode), ß is replaced by SS when capitalizing, according to German orthography (e. g. Straße [street]: STRASSE). However, the umlauts Ä, Ö and Ü must not be replaced by AE, OE or UE when playing (as would usually be done in German crosswords where ß is also replaced by SS). Other diacritics which may occur in some foreign words are ignored (é = E, œ = OE etc.)[14]

Before 1989–1990, German sets had 119 tiles. Players had eight tiles at a time on their racks, as opposed to the standard seven today. The old letter distribution was:

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: E ×16, N ×10, I ×9, S ×8, R ×7, A ×6, D ×6, U ×6
  • 2 points: H ×5, T ×5, C ×4, L ×4, O ×4, G ×3, W ×2
  • 3 points: M ×4, F ×3, B ×2, K ×2, Z ×2
  • 4 points: P ×1, V ×1
  • 5 points: Ü ×1
  • 6 points: Ä ×1, J ×1
  • 8 points: Ö ×1, X ×1
  • 10 points: Q ×1, Y ×1

A third blank was included in the set, but not included in the game. It was just used so that the tiles could be packaged in equal sized rows.

German sets sold in North America by Selchow and Righter in the 1970s and 80s had 100 tiles, with a distribution as follows:

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: E ×12, I ×8, N ×7, A ×6, S ×6, R ×5, T ×5, O ×3, U ×3
  • 2 points: C ×4, D ×4, H ×4, G ×3, L ×3, Ä ×1, Ö ×1, Ü ×1
  • 3 points: M ×3, B ×2, F ×2, K ×2, P ×2
  • 4 points: Z ×3, V ×2, W ×2
  • 8 points: J ×1
  • 10 points: Q ×1, X ×1, Y ×1

In 2008, a German edition of the Mattel-licensed product, Super Scrabble, was released by the game publisher Piatnik. The set is composed of the following 200 tiles:

  • 4 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: E ×29, N ×17, S ×14, I ×11, R ×11, T ×12, U ×12, A ×10, D ×8
  • 2 points: H ×8, G ×6, L ×6, O ×6
  • 3 points: M ×8, B ×4, W ×2, Z ×2
  • 4 points: C ×4, F ×4, K ×4, P ×2
  • 6 points: Ä ×2, J ×2, Ü ×2, V ×2
  • 8 points: Ö ×2, X ×2
  • 10 points: Q ×2, Y ×2

The underlines indicate the distribution contains one tile fewer for the letter than would be if the 102 tiles of the current language set were simply doubled.

Greek[edit]

Greek-language editions of Scrabble contain 104 tiles.

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: Α ×12, Ο ×9, Ε ×8, Ι ×8, Τ ×8, Η ×7, Σ ×7, Ν ×6
  • 2 points: Ρ ×5, Κ ×4, Π ×4, Υ ×4
  • 3 points: Λ ×3, Μ ×3, Ω ×3
  • 4 points: Γ ×2, Δ ×2
  • 8 points: Β ×1, Φ ×1, Χ ×1
  • 10 points: Ζ ×1, Θ ×1, Ξ ×1, Ψ ×1

Haitian Creole[edit]

Haitian Creole-language editions of Scrabble contain these 100 tiles:[15]

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: A ×9, N ×9, E ×8, I ×6
  • 2 points: È ×4, K ×4, L ×4, M ×4, O ×4, OU ×4, P ×4, S ×4, T ×4, Y ×4
  • 3 points: D ×3
  • 4 points: B ×3, CH ×2, F ×2, G ×2, J ×2, Ò ×2, R ×2, V ×2, W ×2
  • 7 points: Z ×1
  • 8 points: À ×1, UI ×1
  • 10 points: H ×1

Q and X have no tiles as they are not used in Haitian Creole, while C is only used in the digraph CH, and U in OU and UI. This version is made for educational purposes and is not an official edition by Mattel.

Hebrew[edit]

Hebrew sets use these 104 tiles:

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: ו ×12, י ×10, ת ×9, ה ×8, ר ×8
  • 2 points: א ×6, ל ×6, מ ×6, ש ×6
  • 3 points: ד ×4, נ ×4
  • 4 points: ב ×4, ח ×3, פ ×3, ק ×3
  • 5 points: ג ×2, כ ×2, ע ×2
  • 8 points: ז ×1, ט ×1, ס ×1, צ ×1

In the set, the final form letters ך, ם, ן, ף and ץ are not available and the normal form is used.

Hungarian[edit]

Hungarian-language sets use these 100 tiles:

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points).
  • 1 point: A ×6, E ×6, K ×6, T ×5, Á ×4, L ×4, N ×4, R ×4, I ×3, M ×3, O ×3, S ×3
  • 2 points: B ×3, D ×3, G ×3, Ó ×3
  • 3 points: É ×3, H ×2, SZ ×2, V ×2
  • 4 points: F ×2, GY ×2, J ×2, Ö ×2, P ×2, U ×2, Ü ×2, Z ×2
  • 5 points: C ×1, Í ×1, NY ×1
  • 7 points: CS ×1, Ő ×1, Ú ×1, Ű ×1
  • 8 points: LY ×1, ZS ×1
  • 10 points: TY ×1

DZ and DZS, which are fairly rare in Hungarian, have no tiles, nor do Q, W, X and Y, which are only used in loanwords, as part of the extended Hungarian alphabet.

Icelandic[edit]

Icelandic-language sets use these 104 tiles:

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: A ×10, I ×8, N ×8, R ×7, E ×6, S ×6, U ×6, T ×5
  • 2 points: Ð ×5, G ×4, K ×3, L ×3, M ×3
  • 3 points: F ×3, O ×3, H ×2, V ×2
  • 4 points: Á ×2, D ×2, Í ×2, Þ ×1
  • 5 points: J ×1, Æ ×1
  • 6 points: B ×1, É ×1, Ó ×1
  • 7 points: Y ×1, Ö ×1
  • 8 points: P ×1, Ú ×1
  • 9 points: Ý ×1
  • 10 points: X ×1

This distribution lacks C, Q, W, and Z, since they are rarely used in Icelandic.

Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian-language sets use these 100 tiles:[citation needed]

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: A ×19, N ×9, E ×8, I ×8, U ×5, T ×5, R ×4, O ×3, S ×3,
  • 2 points: K ×3, M ×3,
  • 3 points: D ×4, G ×3,
  • 4 points: L ×3, H ×2, P ×2,
  • 5 points: B ×4, Y ×2, F ×1, W ×1,
  • 8 points: C ×3, V ×1,
  • 10 points: J ×1, Z ×1,

Q, and X, are absent because they are only present in loanwords.

Irish[edit]

Irish-language sets use these 100 tiles:

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: A ×13, H ×10, I ×10, N ×7, R ×7, E ×6, S ×6
  • 2 points: C ×4, D ×4, L ×4, O ×4, T ×4, G ×3, U ×3
  • 4 points: Á ×2, F ×2, Í ×2, M ×2
  • 8 points: É ×1, Ó ×1, Ú ×1
  • 10 points: B ×1, P ×1

J, K, Q, V, W, X, Y, and Z are absent since they are rarely used in the Irish language.

An alternate set, used by Scrabble3D along with the official set,[16] has these 100 tiles:

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: A ×11, I ×8, Á ×5, Í ×5, L ×5, N ×5, R ×5, E ×4, O ×4, S ×4
  • 2 points: C ×3, Ċ ×3, D ×3, G ×3, M ×3, Ó ×3, T ×3, Ú ×3
  • 3 points: B ×2, ×2, É ×2, ×2, U ×2
  • 4 points: ×1, F ×1, Ġ ×1
  • 5 points: ×1
  • 8 points: P ×1, ×1
  • 10 points: ×1, ×1

Note that H is not in this set because it is only used at the beginning of the words starting with vowels, which is against the rules there. Note: This set uses the old orthography. In the new orthography, the dotted letters are replaced by the digraph of the letter without the dot followed by H.

Italian[edit]

Italian-language sets use these 120 tiles:

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: O ×15, A ×14, I ×12, E ×11
  • 2 points: C ×6, R ×6, S ×6, T ×6
  • 3 points: L ×5, M ×5, N ×5, U ×5
  • 5 points: B ×3, D ×3, F ×3, P ×3, V ×3
  • 8 points: G ×2, H ×2, Z ×2
  • 10 points: Q ×1

Diacritic marks are ignored. The letters J, K, W, X, and Y are absent since these letters are only used in loanwords. Another set uses these 120 tiles:

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: O ×13, A ×13, I ×13, E ×13
  • 2 points: N ×6, R ×6, S ×6, T ×6
  • 3 points: L ×5, M ×5, U ×5
  • 4 points: C ×4, V ×4
  • 5 points: B ×3, D ×3, G ×3, P ×3
  • 8 points: F ×2, H ×2, Z ×2
  • 10 points: Q ×1

Scarabeo is an Italian variant of Scrabble that is much more popular in its native country than the original game. It is played with a 17×17 board, and uses these 130 tiles.[17]

  • 2 scarab tiles (wildcards) scoring 0 points
  • 1 point: A ×12, E ×12, I ×12, O ×12, C ×7, R ×7, S ×7, T ×7
  • 2 points: L ×6, M ×6, N ×6
  • 3 points: P ×4
  • 4 points: B ×4, D ×4, F ×4, G ×4, U ×4, V ×4
  • 8 points: H ×2, Z ×2
  • 10 points: Q ×2

Latin[edit]

There are three kinds of Latin-language Scrabble sets developed by three authorities in the language.

The first distribution, developed by the Centre for Medieval Studies of the University of Toronto, uses these 100 tiles:

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: E ×12, A ×9, I ×9, V ×9, S ×8, T ×8, R ×7, O ×5
  • 2 points: C ×4, M ×4, N ×4, D ×3, L ×3
  • 3 points: Q ×3
  • 4 points: B ×2, G ×2, P ×2, X ×2
  • 8 points: F ×1, H ×1

The second distribution below was made "in conjunction with scholars from the University of Cambridge and elsewhere, together with the Cambridge Schools Classics Project." This distribution distinguishes U from V, with the semi-vocalic V scoring five times the points. Y is absent in both sets because it is rare in Latin, but is in an extended version of the first distribution, and is worth 10 points there. K and Z are also absent in both sets because they are rare in Latin, while J is not considered separate from I. W is also absent in both sets because it did not exist in ancient times, and is used only in modern borrowed words.

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: E ×11, I ×11, A ×9, R ×9, S ×8, T ×7, U ×7, N ×6,
  • 2 points: M ×5, O ×5, C ×4
  • 3 points: D ×3
  • 4 points: L ×2, P ×2
  • 5 points: B ×2, V ×2
  • 6 points: F ×1, G ×1, X ×1
  • 10 points: H ×1, Q ×1

The third distribution is as follows:[18]

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: E ×12, I ×12, V ×10, A ×9, T ×8, S ×7, N ×6, R ×6, M ×5, O ×5, L ×3
  • 2 points: D ×3, P ×3
  • 3 points: C ×4, B ×2
  • 4 points: Q ×2, F ×1, G ×1, H ×1
  • 8 points: X ×1

According to these rules, if a blank is used as a Y it is worth 10 points, if a blank is used as a Z it is worth 15 points, and if a blank is used as a K it is worth 20 points.

Latvian[edit]

Latvian-language sets use these 104 tiles:[19]

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: A ×11, I ×9, S ×8, E ×6, T ×6, R ×5, U ×5
  • 2 points: Ā ×4, K ×4, M ×4, N ×4, L ×3, P ×3
  • 3 points: D ×3, O ×3, V ×3, Z ×2
  • 4 points: Ē ×2, Ī ×2, J ×2
  • 5 points: B ×1, C ×1, G ×1
  • 6 points: Ņ ×1, Š ×1, Ū ×1
  • 8 points: Ļ ×1, Ž ×1
  • 10 points: Č ×1, F ×1, Ģ ×1, H ×1, Ķ ×1

The letters Q, W, X and Y are absent, because they are used in foreign words.

Lithuanian[edit]

Lithuanian-language sets (known as KrisKros Klasik) use these 104 tiles:

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: I ×11, A ×9, R ×9, E ×6, L ×6, S ×6, O ×5, T ×5, U ×5, N ×4, Ą ×1
  • 2 points: K ×4, D ×3, M ×3, P ×3, B ×2, G ×2, Ę ×1
  • 3 points: Ė ×2, Š ×2, Ų ×1
  • 4 points: J ×2, Į ×1, V ×1, Ž ×1
  • 5 points: Ū ×1, Z ×1
  • 6 points: Y ×1
  • 7 points: C ×1, Č ×1
  • 10 points: F ×1, H ×1

The letters Q, W and X are absent, because they are used in foreign words.

Malaysian[edit]

Malaysian-language sets use these 100 tiles:

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: A ×19, N ×8, E ×7, I ×7, K ×6, U ×6, M ×5, R ×5, T ×5
  • 2 points: L ×4, S ×4
  • 3 points: G ×4, B ×3, D ×3
  • 4 points: H ×2, O ×2, P ×2
  • 5 points: J ×1, Y ×1
  • 8 points: C ×1, W ×1
  • 10 points: F ×1, Z ×1

Q, V and X are absent because they are only present in loanwords.

Norwegian[edit]

Norwegian-language editions of Scrabble use these 100 tiles.

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: E ×9, A ×7, N ×6, R ×6, S ×6, T ×6, D ×5, I ×5, L ×5
  • 2 points: F ×4, G ×4, K ×4, O ×4, M ×3
  • 3 points: H ×3
  • 4 points: B ×3, U ×3, V ×3, J ×2, P ×2, Å ×2
  • 5 points: Ø ×2
  • 6 points: Y ×1, Æ ×1
  • 8 points: W ×1
  • 10 points: C ×1

The letters Q, X and Z are absent since these letters are rarely used in Norwegian. These letters and the foreign letters "Ä", "Ö" and "Ü", which are used in a few Norwegian words, can be played with a blank.

Polish[edit]

Polish-language editions of Scrabble use these 100 tiles.

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: A ×9, I ×8, E ×7, O ×6, N ×5, Z ×5, R ×4, S ×4, W ×4
  • 2 points: Y ×4, C ×3, D ×3, K ×3, L ×3, M ×3, P ×3, T ×3
  • 3 points: B ×2, G ×2, H ×2, J ×2, Ł ×2, U ×2
  • 5 points: Ą ×1, Ę ×1, F ×1, Ó ×1, Ś ×1, Ż ×1
  • 6 points: Ć ×1
  • 7 points: Ń ×1
  • 9 points: Ź ×1

This set has been used since 2000. Before that year, a slightly different configuration was used: Ź was worth 7 points, F was worth 4 points, and there were 2 Fs, and 8 As. The letters Q, V and X have always been absent (since they are used in foreign words), and blank tiles cannot be used to represent these.

Portuguese[edit]

Portuguese-language editions of Scrabble contain 120 tiles.

  • 3 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: A ×14, E ×11, I ×10, O ×10, S ×8, U ×7, M ×6, R ×6, T ×5
  • 2 points: D ×5, L ×5, C ×4, P ×4
  • 3 points: N ×4, B ×3, Ç ×2
  • 4 points: F ×2, G ×2, H ×2, V ×2
  • 5 points: J ×2
  • 6 points: Q ×1
  • 8 points: X ×1, Z ×1

While Ç is a separate tile, other diacritical marks are ignored. K, W, and Y are absent, since they are only present in loanwords in Portuguese.

Romanian[edit]

Romanian-language editions of Scrabble use these 100 tiles.[20]

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: I ×11, A ×10, E ×9, T ×7, N ×6, R ×6, S ×6, C ×5, L ×5, O ×5, U ×5
  • 2 points: P ×4
  • 3 points: D ×4
  • 4 points: M ×3, F ×2, V ×2
  • 6 points: G ×2
  • 8 points: B ×2, H ×1, Z ×1
  • 10 points: J ×1, X ×1

The original (1982) distribution used the following 100 tiles:

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: A ×11, I ×10, E ×9, R ×7, T ×7, N ×6, U ×6, C ×5, O ×5, S ×5, L ×4
  • 2 points: D ×4, P ×4
  • 4 points: M ×3
  • 8 points: F ×2, V ×2
  • 9 points: B ×2, G ×2
  • 10 points: H ×1, J ×1, X ×1, Z ×1

Diacritical marks are ignored, so for example à and  are played as A. Both distributions lack K, Q, W and Y, since they are only used in foreign words.

Russian[edit]

Russian-language Scrabble sets, which use Cyrillic letters, contain 104 tiles using this distribution:

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: О ×10, А ×8, Е ×8, И ×5, Н ×5, Р ×5, С ×5, Т ×5, В ×4
  • 2 points: Д ×4, К ×4, Л ×4, П ×4, У ×4, М ×3
  • 3 points: Б ×2, Г ×2, Ь ×2, Я ×2, Ë ×1
  • 4 points: Ы ×2, Й ×1
  • 5 points: З ×2, Ж ×1, Х ×1, Ц ×1, Ч ×1
  • 8 points: Ш ×1, Э ×1, Ю ×1
  • 10 points: Ф ×1, Щ ×1, Ъ ×1

The former Russian distribution, 126 tiles until the fall of Communist rule, was as follows:

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: О ×11, Е ×10, И ×10, А ×9, Н ×6, Р ×6, Т ×6, С ×5, В ×5
  • 2 points: Д ×4, К ×4, Л ×4, М ×4, П ×4, У ×4
  • 3 points: Я ×4, Б ×3, Г ×3, Ë ×3, Ь ×2
  • 4 points: Ы ×2, Й ×2
  • 5 points: Ж ×2, З ×2, Х ×1, Ц ×1, Ч ×1
  • 8 points: Ш ×1, Э ×1, Ю ×1
  • 10 points: Ф ×1, Щ ×1, Ъ ×1

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Scottish Gaelic-language sets use these 100 tiles:[21]

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: A ×15, I ×11, E ×10, N ×4, O ×4, R ×4, S ×4, PH ×1, SH ×1
  • 2 points: CH ×3, D ×3, DH ×3, L ×3, U ×2, BH ×1
  • 3 points: C ×3, G ×3, T ×3, TH ×3, B ×2, M ×2
  • 4 points: NN ×1
  • 5 points: À ×1, F ×1, FH ×1, GH ×1, MH ×1
  • 6 points: È ×1, Ì ×1, Ò ×1, P ×1, Ù ×1
  • 8 points: LL ×1, RR ×1

H is absent because it is only used in the digraphs above. J, K, Q, V, W, X, Y and Z are also absent since they are rarely used in the Scottish Gaelic language. This version is used by Scrabble3D and is not an official edition by Mattel.

Slovak[edit]

Slovak-language sets use these 100 tiles:

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: A ×9, O ×9, E ×8, I ×5, N ×5, R ×4, S ×4, T ×4, V ×4
  • 2 points: M ×4, D ×3, K ×3, L ×3, P ×3
  • 3 points: J ×2, U ×2
  • 4 points: B ×2, Á ×1, C ×1, H ×1, Y ×1, Z ×1
  • 5 points: Č ×1, Í ×1, Š ×1, Ý ×1, Ž ×1
  • 7 points: É ×1, Ľ ×1, Ť ×1, Ú ×1
  • 8 points: Ď ×1, F ×1, G ×1, Ň ×1, Ô ×1
  • 10 points: Ä ×1, Ĺ ×1, Ó ×1, Ŕ ×1, X ×1

Q and W are absent because they are only used in loanwords.

Since 2013, a new 112-tile set was introduced:

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: O x 10, A x 9, E x 8, I x 6, N x 5, S x 5, V x 5, T x 4
  • 2 points: R x 5, K x 4, L x 4, D x 3, M x 3, P x 3, U x 3, Á x 2, B x 2, J x 2, Y x 2, Z x 2
  • 3 points: C x 1, Č x 1, É x 1, H x 1, Í x 1, Š x 1, Ú x 1, Ý x 1, Ž x 1
  • 4 points: Ť x 1
  • 5 points: Ľ x 1
  • 6 points: F x 1, G x 1
  • 7 points: Ň x 1, Ô x 1
  • 8 points: Ä x 1, Ď x 1, Ó x 1
  • 9 points: Ĺ x 1, Ŕ x 1, X x 1
  • 10 points: Q x 1, W x 1

Slovenian[edit]

Slovenian-language sets use these 100 tiles:

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: E ×11, A ×10, I ×9, O ×8, N ×7, R ×6, S ×6, J ×4, L ×4, T ×4
  • 2 points: D ×4, V ×4
  • 3 points: K ×3, M ×2, P ×2, U ×2
  • 4 points: B ×2, G ×2, Z ×2
  • 5 points: Č ×1, H ×1
  • 6 points: Š ×1
  • 8 points: C ×1
  • 10 points: F ×1, Ž ×1

Q, W, X and Y are absent, because Slovenian does not use those letters.

Spanish[edit]

Complete tileset in Spanish Scrabble outside North America.
A Spanish Scrabble game completed.

Spanish-language sets sold outside North America use these 100 tiles:

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: A ×12, E ×12, O ×9, I ×6, S ×6, N ×5, R ×5, U ×5, L ×4, T ×4
  • 2 points: D ×5, G ×2
  • 3 points: C ×4, B ×2, M ×2, P ×2
  • 4 points: H ×2, F ×1, V ×1, Y ×1
  • 5 points: CH ×1, Q ×1
  • 8 points: J ×1, LL ×1, Ñ ×1, RR ×1, X ×1
  • 10 points: Z ×1

Stress accents are disregarded. The letters K and W are absent since these two letters are rarely used in Spanish words. According to FISE (Federación Internacional de Scrabble en Español) rules, a blank cannot be used to represent K or W.

Using one C and one H tile in place of the CH tile, two L tiles for the LL tile, or two R tiles for the RR tile is also not allowed in Spanish Scrabble (see rules in Spanish provided by the FISE).

Spanish-language sets sold within North America (known as Scrabble – Edición en Español) use - including "K" and "W" but without "CH" - these 103 tiles:

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: A ×11, E ×11, O ×8, S ×7, I ×6, U ×6, N ×5, L ×4, R ×4, T ×4
  • 2 points: C ×4, D ×4, G ×2
  • 3 points: B ×3, M ×3, P ×2
  • 4 points: F ×2, H ×2, V ×2, Y ×1
  • 6 points: J ×2
  • 8 points: K ×1, LL ×1, Ñ ×1, Q ×1, RR ×1, W ×1, X ×1
  • 10 points: Z ×1

Swedish[edit]

A full Swedish Scrabble set.

Swedish-language Scrabble sets (for a long time sold in Sweden as Alfapet, but that is now a different game) use these 100 tiles:

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: A ×8, R ×8, S ×8, T ×8, E ×7, N ×6, D ×5, I ×5, L ×5
  • 2 points: O ×5, G ×3, K ×3, M ×3, H ×2
  • 3 points: F ×2, V ×2, Ä ×2
  • 4 points: U ×3, B ×2, P ×2, Ö ×2, Å ×2
  • 7 points: J ×1, Y ×1
  • 8 points: C ×1, X ×1
  • 10 points: Z ×1

Note that the letters Å, Ä, and Ö have separate tiles. Diacritical marks are ignored, such as for É (Ü being an exception). Also, the letters Q and W, rare in Swedish, are absent, but can be played with a blank. The letters Ü and Æ require a blank and (as of 2010) only occur in one and three playable words respectively, müsli and three forms of the word Laestadianism (in Swedish spelt læstadianism).

Turkish[edit]

Turkish-language sets use these 100 tiles (including distinct dotted and dotless I tiles):

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: A ×12, E ×8, İ ×7, K ×7, L ×7, R ×6, N ×5, T ×5
  • 2 points: I ×4, M ×4, O ×3, S ×3, U ×3
  • 3 points: B ×2, D ×2, Ü ×2, Y ×2
  • 4 points: C ×2, Ç ×2, Ş ×2, Z ×2
  • 5 points: G ×1, H ×1, P ×1
  • 7 points: F ×1, Ö ×1, V ×1
  • 8 points: Ğ ×1
  • 10 points: J ×1

The letters Q, W, and X are not used in Turkish and therefore do not appear in the set. Blanks may not represent these letters, meaning loanwords that use them may not appear in the game at all.

(See a completed Turkish Scrabble board:)

Tuvan[edit]

Tuvan-language Scrabble sets, which use Cyrillic letters, use these 125 tiles:[22]

  • 1 blank tile (with a score of 0 points)
  • 1 hyphen tile (with a score of 0 points)
  • 1 point: А ×12, Ы ×8, Р ×8, Н ×7, Е ×6, Д ×6, Л ×6, К ×5, Г ×5, Т ×5, И ×4, У ×4
  • 2 points: Ч ×3, П ×3, С ×3, М ×3, Ү ×3, О ×3, Ш ×2
  • 3 points: АА ×2, Ң ×2, Б ×2, Й ×2, Э ×2, З ×2
  • 4 points: Ж ×1, Ө ×1, Х ×1, В ×1, ЭЭ ×1
  • 5 points: ОО ×1, УУ ×1, ЫЫ ×1, Я ×1
  • 6 points: ӨӨ ×1, ИИ ×1, ҮҮ ×1
  • 8 points: Ъ ×1
  • 10 points: Ю ×1, Ё ×1

This version is made for educational purposes and is not an official edition by Mattel.

Ukrainian[edit]

An optimum Ukrainian-language Scrabble sets, which use Cyrillic letters, contain 102 tiles using this distribution:

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: О ×9, А ×8, И ×6, Н ×6, В ×5, Е ×5, І ×5, Т ×5
  • 2 points: К ×4, Р ×4, С ×4
  • 3 points: Д ×3, Л ×3, М ×3, У ×3
  • 4 points: П ×3, З ×2, Я ×2, Ь ×2
  • 5 points: Б ×2, Г ×2, Ч ×2, Х ×1
  • 8 points: Є ×1, Ї ×1, Й ×1, Ж ×1, Ц ×1, Ш ×1, Ю ×1
  • 10 points: Ґ ×1, Ф ×1, Щ ×1, ' ×1

The apostrophe sign is also included, even though it is not a letter in the Ukrainian alphabet.

Welsh[edit]

The box for Welsh-language Scrabble sets.

Welsh-language Scrabble sets use these 105 tiles:

  • 2 blank tiles (scoring 0 points)
  • 1 point: A ×10, E ×8, N ×8, I ×7, R ×7, Y ×7, D ×6, O ×6, W ×5, DD ×4
  • 2 points: F ×3, G ×3, L ×3, U ×3
  • 3 points: S ×3, B ×2, M ×2, T ×2
  • 4 points: C ×2, FF ×2, H ×2, TH ×2
  • 5 points: CH ×1, LL ×1, P ×1
  • 8 points: J ×1
  • 10 points: NG ×1, RH ×1

Since there are specific tiles for the digraphs that are considered to be separate letters in Welsh orthography (such as DD), it is not permissible to use the individual letters to spell these out. Diacritics on letters are ignored.

The digraph PH exists in Welsh, but is omitted because it is used almost exclusively in mutated words, which the rules disallow. K, Q, V, X and Z also do not exist in Welsh. Arguably J does not exist in Welsh either, but it is included as it is sometimes used for borrowed words.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official Scrabble Association tournament rules for counting tiles". 
  2. ^ "Scrabble tile counter". wordfind.com. 
  3. ^ Whitehill, Bruce. "Scrabble". The Big Game Hunter. 
  4. ^ "The story behind Scrabble’s tile distributions". 
  5. ^ "Armenian Scrabble at BoardGameGeek". Retrieved 24 August 2013. 
  6. ^ http://www.google.ca/imgres?imgurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.planetarmenia.com%2Fimages%2FTY1002.JPG&imgrefurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.planetarmenia.com%2Fshop%2Fitem.asp%3Fitemid%3D123&h=286&w=497&tbnid=DdL4Tpwnnsr2cM%3A&zoom=1&docid=rnBRpuMwuZukfM&ei=j8ipVM_9NZXZoATE9oDQDg&tbm=isch&ved=0CB0QMygAMAA&iact=rc&uact=3&dur=702&page=1&start=0&ndsp=45. Retrieved 4 January 2015.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ http://www.scrabble3d.info/t1825f365-The-Basque-letter-set.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ http://aldizkaria.ikastola.net/sites/default/files/styles/colorbox_big/public/article/argazki_bilduma/DSCF4428.jpg?itok=9EzNqEOS
  9. ^ "Diwan Breizh". Retrieved October 13, 2014. 
  10. ^ http://blocs.xtec.cat/crpesplugues/files/2012/01/scrabble.jpg
  11. ^ http://www.gtoal.com/wordgames/details/czech/slovnik-8bit.html
  12. ^ http://www.ydli.org/dakinfo/carscrab.htm
  13. ^ http://www.creativetrophies.ca/index.php?id=49
  14. ^ Official German Scrabble rules
  15. ^ "Create Scrabble-Like Game Tiles". Retrieved August 11, 2013. 
  16. ^ "Scrabble3D". Retrieved October 13, 2014. 
  17. ^ http://cineclap.free.fr/_divers/scarabeo-variante-italienne-du-scrabble.jpeg
  18. ^ "Curculio". 
  19. ^ LATVIAN srabble tiles (Scrabble Latviski)
  20. ^ http://mosgerila.com/scrabble/ini/distributia_scrabble2.htm
  21. ^ "Scrabble3D". Retrieved October 13, 2014. 
  22. ^ Voinov, Vitaly (2010). Words Should Be fun: Scrabble as a tool for language preservation in Tuvan and to other local languages. University of Hawai'i press. pp. 213–230.