|Type||Division of Sony Pictures Entertainment|
|Founded||1940 (as animation studio)
1948 (as television subsidiary)
1999 (as film studio)
|Headquarters||Culver City, California, U.S.|
|Key people||Clint Culpepper (President)|
|Parent||Columbia Pictures (1940–1974)
Sony Pictures Entertainment
Screen Gems is an American film production company and subsidiary company of Sony Pictures Entertainment's Columbia TriStar Motion Picture Group that has served several different purposes for its parent companies over the decades since its incorporation.
- 1 Animation studio: 1939–1946
- 2 Television subsidiary: 1948–1974
- 3 Specialty feature film studio, 1999–present
- 4 References
- 5 External links
Animation studio: 1939–1946
For an entire decade, Charles Mintz distributed his Krazy Kat, Scrappy, and Color Rhapsody animated film shorts through Columbia Pictures. When Mintz became indebted to Columbia in 1939, he ended up selling his studio to them. Under new management, the studio assumed a new name, Screen Gems. The name was derived from an early Columbia Pictures slogan, "Gems of the Screen", itself a takeoff on the song "Columbia, the Gem of the Ocean". Jimmy Bronis, Mintz's production manager became the studio head, but was shortly replaced by Mintz's brother-in-law, George Winkler. After this, Columbia decided to "clean house" by ousting the bulk of the staff (including Winkler) and hiring creative cartoonist, Frank Tashlin. After Tashlin's short stay came Dave Fleischer, formerly of the Fleischer Studios, and after several of his successors came Ray Katz and Henry Binder from Warner Bros. Cartoons (previously Leon Schlesinger Productions). Animators, directors, and writers at the series included people such as Art Davis, Sid Marcus, Bob Wickersham, and, during its latter period, Bob Clampett.
Like most studios, the Screen Gems studio had several established characters on their roster. These included Flippity and Flop, Willoughby Wren, and Tito and His Burrito. However, the most successful characters the studio had were The Fox and the Crow, a comic duo of a refined Fox and a street-wise Crow.
Screen Gems is also notable for being, in an attempt to keep costs low, the last American animation studio to stop producing black and white cartoons. The final black-and-white Screen Gems shorts appeared in 1946, over three years after the second-longest holdouts (Famous Studios and Leon Schlesinger Productions). During that same year, the studio shut its doors for good, though their animation output continued to be distributed until 1949.
The Screen Gems cartoons were only moderately successful when compared to those of Disney, Warner Bros., and MGM. The studio's purpose was assumed by an outside producer, United Productions of America (UPA), whose cartoons, including Gerald McBoing Boing and the Mr. Magoo series, were major critical and commercial successes.
Theatrical short film series
- Color Rhapsodies (1939–1949, inherited from Charles Mintz)
- Fables (1939–1942)
- Phantasies (1939–1943)
- Flippity and Flop (1946)
- The Fox and the Crow (1940–1946)
- Li'l Abner (1944)
One-shot theatrical short films
- How War Came (1941)
- The Great Cheese Mystery (1941)
- The Dumbconscious Mind (1942)
- The Vitamin G-Man (1943)
- He Can't Make It Sick (1943)
Television subsidiary: 1948–1974
In November 1948, Columbia borrowed the Screen Gems name for its television production subsidiary when the studio acquired Pioneer Telefilms, a television commercial company founded by Harry Cohn's nephew, Ralph Cohn. Pioneer was later reorganized as Screen Gems. The studio opened its doors for business in New York on April 15, 1949.
By 1951, Screen Gems became a full-fledged television studio by producing and syndicating several popular shows (see below). On July 1, 1956, studio veteran Irving Briskin stepped down as stage manager of Columbia Pictures and form his production company Briskin Productions, Inc. to release series through Screen Gems and supervise all of its productions. On December 10, 1956, Screen Gems expanded into television syndication by acquiring Hygo Television Films (a.k.a. Serials Inc.) and its affiliated company United Television Films, Inc. Hygo Television Films was founded in 1951 by Jerome Hyams, who also acquired United Television Films in 1955 founded by Archie Mayers. During that year, the studio began syndicating Columbia Pictures' theatrical film library to television, including the wildly successful series of two-reel short subjects starring The Three Stooges in 1957. Earlier on August 2, 1957, they also acquired syndication rights to "Shock!", a package of Universal horror films (later shifted to MCA TV), which was enormously successful in reviving that genre. The name "Screen Gems", at the time, was used to hide the fact that the film studio was entering television production and distribution. Many film studios saw television as a threat to their business, thus it was expected that they would shun the medium. However, Columbia was one of a few studios who branched out to television under a pseudonym to conceal the true ownership of the television arm. That is until 1955, when Columbia decided to use its mascot under the Screen Gems banner.
From 1958 through 1974, under President John H. Mitchell and Vice President of Production Harry Ackerman, Screen Gems delivered classic TV shows and sitcoms: Father Knows Best, Dennis the Menace, The Donna Reed Show, Hazel, Here Come the Brides, Mr. Smith Goes to Washington, Gidget, Bewitched, I Dream of Jeannie, The Flying Nun, The Monkees, and The Partridge Family. It was also the original distributor for Hanna-Barbera Productions, an animation studio founded by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera after leaving Columbia's now-semi-sister studio Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
In the late 1950s Screen Gems would also go into broadcasting. Stations that would be owned by Screen Gems over the years would include KCPX (Salt Lake City), WVUE (New Orleans), WAPA (San Juan), WNJU (Linden, NJ), and several radio stations as well, including 50,000-watt clear channel WWVA (Wheeling WV). As a result in funding its acquisitions, 18% of Screen Gems' shares was spun-off from Columbia and it became a publicly traded company in NYSE until 1968.
From 1964 to 1969, former child star Jackie Cooper was Vice President of Program Development. He was responsible for packaging series (such as Bewitched) and other projects and selling them to the networks.
In 1965 Columbia Pictures acquired a fifty percent interest in the New York-based commercial production company EUE, which was incorporated into Screen Gems and renamed EUE/Screen Gems. The studios were sold in 1982 to long time Columbia Pictures Executive, George Cooney, shortly after Columbia Pictures was sold to The Coca-Cola Company.
On December 23, 1968, Screen Gems merged with its parent company Columbia Pictures Corporation and became part of the newly formed Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. for $24.5 million.
On May 6, 1974, Screen Gems was renamed Columbia Pictures Television and was suggested by David Gerber. The final notable production from this incarnation of Screen Gems before the name change was the 1974 mini-series QB VII. Columbia was the last major studio to enter television by name.
Changes in corporate ownership of Columbia came in 1982, when Coca-Cola bought the company, although continuing to trade under the CPT name. In the mid-1980s, Coca-Cola reorganized its television holdings to create Coca-Cola Television, merging CPT with the television unit of Embassy Communications as Columbia/Embassy Television, although both companies continued to use separate identities until January 4, 1988, when it and Tri-Star Television were reunited under the CPT name. Columbia also ran Colex Enterprises a joint venture with LBS Communications to distribute the Screen Gems library, which ended in 1988.
In 1987, Coca-Cola spun off its entertainment holdings into a separate company called Columbia Pictures Entertainment. In 1989, Columbia Pictures was purchased by Sony Corporation of Japan. On August 7, 1991, Columbia Pictures Entertainment was renamed to Sony Pictures Entertainment as a film production-distribution subsidiary, and subsequently combined CPT with a revived TriStar Television in 1994 to form Columbia TriStar Television.
The television division today is presently known as Sony Pictures Television.
Selected TV shows
Television programs produced and/or syndicated by Screen Gems (most shows produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions are now owned and distributed by Warner Bros. Television, except for Jeannie and Partridge Family 2200 A.D. (see below):
- Burns & Allen (syndicated reruns of filmed episodes from 1952–58)
- Art Linkletter's House Party (produced by John Guedel) (1952–1969)
- Captain Midnight [later rebranded on television as Jet Jackson, Flying Commando] (1954–56)
- The Adventures of Rin Tin Tin (produced by Herbert B. Leonard) (1954–1959)
- Father Knows Best (1954–62)
- Tales of the Texas Rangers (1955–57)
- Treasure Hunt (1956–1959)
- Playhouse 90 (selected filmed episodes) (1956–1960)
- Ranch Party (1957-1958]
- Huckleberry Hound (produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions) (1958–62)
- The Donna Reed Show (1958–66)
- Naked City (produced by Herbert B. Leonard) (1958–63)
- Behind Closed Doors (1958–59)
- Tightrope (1959–60)
- Dennis the Menace (1959–1963)
- Quick Draw McGraw (produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions) (1959–62)
- The Three Stooges [190 two-reel short subjects produced from 1934 through 1958] (1959–74; distributed thereafter by other Columbia/Sony divisions)
- Two Faces West (1960–61); syndicated
- My Sister Eileen (1960–61)
- Route 66 (produced by Herbert B. Leonard) (1960–1964)
- The Flintstones (produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions 1960–1966; syndicated by Screen Gems until 1974)
- Yogi Bear (1960–1963; produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions)
- Top Cat (1961–62; produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions)
- The Jetsons (1962–63; produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions)
- Hazel (1961–66)
- Grindl (1963–64)
- The Farmer's Daughter (1963–66)
- Bewitched (1964–72; produced by Ashmont Productions 1971–72)
- Jonny Quest (1964–65; produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions)
- Magilla Gorilla (1964–67; produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions)
- Peter Potamus (1964–67; produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions)
- Days of our Lives (produced by Corday Productions 1965–1974; produced thereafter by Columbia Pictures Television, Columbia TriStar Television and Sony Pictures Television)
- Camp Runamuck (1965–66)
- Gidget (1965–66)
- I Dream of Jeannie (1965–70; produced by Sidney Sheldon Productions)
- Hawk (1966)
- Love on a Rooftop (1966–67)
- The Monkees (1966–68; produced by Raybert Productions)
- The Flying Nun (1967–70)
- The Second Hundred Years (1967–68)
- Here Come the Brides (1968–70)
- The Johnny Cash Show (1969–1970)
- Playboy After Dark (1969–1970; produced by Playboy Enterprises)
- Nancy (1970–71; produced by Sidney Sheldon Productions)
- The Partridge Family (1970–74)
- The Good Life (1971-72; produced by Lorimar Productions)
- Bridget Loves Bernie (1972–73)
- The Paul Lynde Show (1972–73; produced by Ashmont Productions)
- Temperatures Rising (1972–73; produced by Ashmont Productions)
- The New Temperatures Rising Show (1973–74; produced by Ashmont Productions)
- The Young and the Restless (produced by Bell Dramatic Serial Company 1973–74; produced thereafter by Columbia Pictures Television, Columbia TriStar Television and Sony Pictures Television)
- Sale of the Century (1973–74)
- Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice (1973–74)
- Police Story (produced by David Gerber Productions 1973–74; produced thereafter by Columbia Pictures Television from 1974–77)
- Partridge Family 2200 A.D. (1974–75; produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions; Sony Pictures Television owns the distribution rights due to the show's connection to The Partridge Family)
- Jeannie (1973–75; produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions; Sony Pictures Television owns the distribution rights due to the show's connection to I Dream of Jeannie)
Specialty feature film studio, 1999–present
On September 16, 2002, Columbia TriStar Domestic Television became Sony Pictures Television, while three years earlier, in 1999, Screen Gems was resurrected as a fourth specialty film producing arm of Sony's Columbia TriStar Motion Picture Group, after Sony Pictures Classics, Triumph Films and Destination Films. Screen Gems produces and releases "films that fall between the wide-release films traditionally developed and distributed by Columbia Pictures and those released by Sony Pictures Classics." Many of its releases are of the horror, thriller, action, comedy and urban genres, making the unit similar to Dimension Films (part of The Weinstein Company), Hollywood Pictures (part of the Walt Disney Company), and Rogue Pictures (currently owned by Relativity Media, but distributed by former owners Universal Studios).
The most commercially successful Screen Gems film as of November 2010 was Resident Evil: Afterlife, which grossed $296,221,566 in international box office receipts. Despite overall positive results from Screen Gems, its biggest recent flop was Straw Dogs, which fell $15 million below its production costs.
Screen Gems films
|June 4, 1999||Limbo||$10 million||$2,160,710|
|July 9, 1999||Arlington Road||$21.5 million||$41,067,311|
|April 5, 2000||Black and White||$5,277,299|
|April 28, 2000||Timecode||$4 million|
|September 29, 2000||Girlfight||$1,666,028|
|September 29, 2000||The Broken Hearts Club: A Romantic Comedy||$1 million||$2,019,121|
|January 19, 2001||Snatch||$10 million||$83,557,872|
|March 23, 2001||The Brothers||$6 million||$27,958,191|
|April 27, 2001||The Forsaken||$15 million||$7,288,451|
|August 24, 2001||Ghosts of Mars||$28 million||$14,010,832|
|September 7, 2001||Two Can Play That Game||$13 million||$22,391,450|
|January 25, 2002||The Mothman Prophecies||$42 million||$54,639,865|
|February 1, 2002||Slackers||$14 million||$6,413,915|
|March 15, 2002||Resident Evil||$33 million||$102,441,078|
|October 11, 2002||Swept Away||$10 million||$598,645|
|October 18, 2002||The 51st State||$27 million||$14,439,698|
|November 15, 2002||Half Past Dead||$25 million||$19,233,280|
|August 22, 2003||The Medallion||theatrically released by TriStar Pictures in USA||$41 million||$34,268,701|
|September 19, 2003||Underworld||also with Lakeshore Entertainment||$22 million||$95,708,457|
|October 31, 2003||In the Cut||$12 million||$23,726,793|
|January 30, 2004||You Got Served||$8 million||$48,631,561|
|May 14, 2004||Breakin' All the Rules||$10 million||$12,544,254|
|August 27, 2004||Anacondas: The Hunt for the Blood Orchid||$25 million||$70,992,898|
|September 10, 2004||Resident Evil: Apocalypse||$45 million||$129,394,835|
|February 4, 2005||Boogeyman||also with Ghost House Pictures||$20 million||$67,192,859|
|August 26, 2005||The Cave||$30 million||$33,296,457|
|September 9, 2005||The Exorcism of Emily Rose||$19 million||$140,238,064|
|October 7, 2005||The Gospel||co-production with Rainforest Films||$3,456,899||$15,778,152|
|January 20, 2006||Underworld: Evolution||also with Lakeshore Entertainment||$50 million||$111,340,801|
|February 3, 2006||When a Stranger Calls||$15 million||$66,966,987|
|March 3, 2006||Ultraviolet||$30 million||$31,070,211|
|September 8, 2006||The Covenant||$20 million||$37,597,471|
|January 12, 2007||Stomp the Yard||co-production with Rainforest Films||$13 million||$75,511,123|
|February 2, 2007||The Messengers||also with Columbia Pictures and Ghost House Pictures||$16 million||$54,957,265|
|April 20, 2007||Vacancy||$19 million||$35,300,645|
|June 8, 2007||Hostel Part 2||also with Lionsgate Films||$10.2 million||$35,619,521|
|September 21, 2007||Resident Evil: Extinction||$45 million||$147,717,833|
|November 21, 2007||This Christmas||co-production with Rainforest Films||$13 million||$50,778,121|
|January 11, 2008||First Sunday||$38,608,838|
|January 25, 2008||Untraceable||also with Universal Pictures and Lakeshore Entertainment||$35 million||$52,431,162|
|March 11, 2008||Outpost||co-production with Newmarket Films|
|April 11, 2008||Prom Night||co-production with Alliance Films||$20 million||$57,197,876|
|June 3, 2008||Wieners|
|September 19, 2008||Lakeview Terrace||$20 million||$44,653,637|
|October 3, 2008||Nick and Norah's Infinite Playlist||co-production with Columbia Pictures||$10 million||$33,506,137|
|October 10, 2008||Quarantine||$12 million||$41,319,906|
|January 9, 2009||Not Easily Broken||$5 million||$10,708,890|
|January 23, 2009||Underworld: Rise of the Lycans||$35 million||$91,327,197|
|February 20, 2009||Fired Up||$20 million||$18,598,852|
|April 24, 2009||Obsessed||co-production with Rainforest Films||$20 million||$73,830,340|
|October 16, 2009||The Stepfather||$20 million||$31,178,915|
|December 4, 2009||Armored||$20 million||$20,900,733|
|January 22, 2010||Legion||$26 million||$67,918,658|
|February 5, 2010||Dear John||$25 million||$112,157,433|
|April 16, 2010||Death at a Funeral||$21 million||$49,050,886|
|April 27, 2010||Takers||co-production with Rainforest Films||$32 million||$70,587,268|
|September 10, 2010||Resident Evil: Afterlife||$60 million||$296,221,663|
|September 17, 2010||Easy A||$8 million||$74,952,305|
|November 24, 2010||Burlesque||$55 million||$89,519,773|
|(limited) December 22, 2010
(wide) January 7, 2011
|Country Strong||$15 million||$20,529,194|
|February 4, 2011||The Roommate||$16 million||$40,424,438|
|May 13, 2011||Priest||$60 million||$78,309,131|
|July 22, 2011||Friends with Benefits||co-production with Castle Rock Entertainment, Zucker and Olive Bridge Entertainment||$35 million||$149,542,245|
|July 29, 2011||Attack the Block||co-release with Stage 6 Films||$13 million||$5,824,175|
|September 16, 2011||Straw Dogs||$25 million||$10,324,441|
|January 20, 2012||Underworld: Awakening||$70 million||$130,856,741|
|February 10, 2012||The Vow||co-production with Spyglass Entertainment||$30 million||$153,214,597|
|April 20, 2012||Think Like a Man||co-production with Rainforest Films||$12 million||$92,759,463|
|September 14, 2012||Resident Evil: Retribution||$65 million||$240,159,255|
|August 21, 2013||The Mortal Instruments: City of Bones||$60 million||$75,965,567|
|September 20, 2013||Battle of the Year: The Dream Team||$20 million|
|October 18, 2013||Carrie||$30 million|
|February 14, 2014||About Last Night||co-production with Rainforest Films|
|June 20, 2014||Think Like a Man Too||co-production with Rainforest Films|
|July 2, 2014||Beware the Night||co-production with Jerry Bruckheimer Films|
|September 12, 2014||No Good Deed||co-production with Rainforest Films|
|September 12, 2014||Resident Evil 6||co-production with Constantin Film
|November 2014||And So It Goes||co-production with Columbia Pictures|
|Februaury 6, 2015||The Wedding Ringer||co-production with Rainforest Films|
- "SCREEN GEMS HAS NEW IRON IN FIRE". Broadcasting: p. 70. April 13, 1959.
- "Briskin to Form Company". Broadcasting: p. 52. June 11, 1956.
- "SCREEN GEMS BUYS HYGO, UNITED, SETS UP TV OWNERSHIP DIVISION". Broadcasting: p. 60. December 10, 1956.
- "Columbia, SG complete $24.5 million merger". Broadcasting: p. 53. December 23, 1968.
- "Remodeling at Screen Gems". Broadcasting: p. 39. 1974-05-06.
- KATHRYN HARRIS "Los Angeles Times" November 25, 1986 Nation articles.latimes.com, Retrieved on May 31, 2013
- "Sale in the works for 'Eden' mini-series". Broadcasting: p. 45. 1984-01-30.
- Sony Pictures Entertainment Renames Television Operations; Domestic and International Divisions Take Sony Name, prnewswire.com
- "Corporate Fact Sheet". Sony Pictures Entertainment. Retrieved September 14, 2010.
- http://blogs.indiewire.com/shadowandact/for-the-3rd-time-screen-gems-pushes-back-release-date-for-no-good-deed-by-5-months |- External links
- Screen Gems at the Internet Movie Database
- Screen Gems Television at the Internet Movie Database
- Archive of Screen Gems President John H. Mitchell
- The Columbia Crow's Nest – site dedicated to the Screen Gems animation studio.
- Screen Gems TV/Film Studios