Scribe equipment (hieroglyph)

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Y3
Scribe
equipment
in hieroglyphs
Further information: Equipment (disambiguation)
Seal ring. (Note also, hieroglyphs: bread bun (T), and jar stand (G). The 'sedge' means: "The King's scribe, overseer of the harem, Ahmose".)

The ancient Egyptian Scribe equipment hieroglyph, Gardiner sign listed no. Y3, (or reversed, Y4), portrays the equipment of the scribe. Numerous scribes used the hieroglyph in stating their name, either on papyrus documents, but especially on statuary or tomb reliefs.

The hieroglyph depicts the 3 major components of a scribe's equipment:

tube case – for holding writing-reeds
leather bag – for holding colored inks (the canonical colors, black and red, mixed with water and gum)[1]
wood scribal palette – with mixing pools; (not always made from wood)

Language usage[edit]

The scribe equipment hieroglyph is often used as a determinative for items relating to writing or the scribe. Combined with the determinative for person, the hieroglyph is read as zẖEgyptological Alefw, probably pronounced [θaçʀaw][2] or [θiçɫu][3] in Old Egyptian, and [saçʔaw] or [saçʔu] following the changes in pronunciation of z in Middle Egyptian and of Egyptological Alef in Late Egyptian. By the Coptic stage of the language, this had lost its glottal stop and ending, reducing to CopteCCmin.pngCopteAmin.pngCopteKHmin.png [sax] (pl. CopteCCmin.pngCopteKHmin.pngCopteOmin.pngCopteUmin.pngCopteImin.png [sxwi]).[4]

Often the transliteration "sesh" appears, derived from the mistaken reading propagated in the dictionary and books of E. A. W. Budge. This reading is found as a phonetic complement using the signs for z and š, leading to the misunderstanding. However, Old Kingdom Egyptian lacked a distinct sign for the sound and the Coptic descendant shows that the original second consonant was indeed the palatalized fricative not the (alveolo-)palatal sibilant š.[5]

When used as the verb zẖEgyptological Alef, the hieroglyph has a variety of related meanings: to write, to draw, to make a design, to do into writing. As the noun zẖEgyptological Alef, it means:[6] writing, inscription, written roll of papyrus, book, copy of a document, & handwriting. In plural usage: writings, letters, books, documents, archives, decrees, handwriting, the columns of a book, papers, title-deeds, registers, and literature.[7]

Gallery[edit]

Equipment, as an artifact[edit]


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Betrò, 1995. Hieroglyphics: The Writings of Ancient Egypt, Scribe's Palette, p. 238.
  2. ^ Loprieno (1995) p. 58
  3. ^ Allen (2013) p. 53
  4. ^ Bohairic-English Dictionary http://www.suscopts.org/deacons/coptic/coptdict.pdf
  5. ^ Egyptologist James Allen on AEgyptian-L http://www.rostau.org.uk/aegyptian-l/archives/week608.txt
  6. ^ Budge, p. 619.
  7. ^ Budge, pp. 1067-1255.