Scripps College

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Not to be confused with The Scripps Research Institute.
Scripps College
Scripps College Logo
Motto Incipit Vita Nova (Latin)
Motto in English
"Here begins new life"
Established 1926
Type Private
Endowment $310.5 million (2014)[1]
President Lori Bettison-Varga
Academic staff
112 (75% full-time) [2]
Students 1,009
Undergraduates 990 (2013)[3]
Postgraduates 19 (2013)[3]
Location Claremont, CA, USA
Campus Suburban, 37 acres (15.0 ha)[2]
Colors Scripps Green (sage green) and White
Mascot La Semeuse ("she who sows")
Website

www.scrippscollege.edu

Scripps College for Women
Site of college in U.S. state of California
Scripps College is located in California
Scripps College
Location Columbia and 10th St., Claremont, California
Coordinates 34°06′15″N 117°42′38″W / 34.1042°N 117.7106°W / 34.1042; -117.7106Coordinates: 34°06′15″N 117°42′38″W / 34.1042°N 117.7106°W / 34.1042; -117.7106
Area 17.5 acres (7.1 ha)
Built 1927
Architectural style Late 19th And 20th Century Revivals, Other, Mediterranean
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 84000887[4]
Added to NRHP September 20, 1984

Scripps College, founded in 1926, is a progressive liberal arts women's college in Claremont, California, United States with an annual enrollment of approximately 950 students.

A member of The Claremont Colleges, Scripps offers an intense learning experience on campus while providing the benefits of a mid-sized university through shared facilities, co-curricular activities, and cross-registration at neighboring colleges.

History[edit]

Scripps College was founded in 1926 by Ellen Browning Scripps, a pioneering philanthropist and influential figure in the worlds of education, publishing, and women’s rights. "The paramount obligation of a college," she believed, "is to develop in its students the ability to think clearly and independently, and the ability to live confidently, courageously, and hopefully."[5]

At the age of 89, Scripps founded the College as one of the few institutions in the West dedicated to educating women for professional careers as well as personal growth. Scripps’ “experiment in education” called for a setting with an artistic connection between buildings and garden landscape on an intimate scale.

The motto of the college is "Incipit Vita Nova" ("Here Begins New Life") from Dante's New Life.[6]

Campus[edit]

A view of the tree-filled Balch Hall courtyard at Scripps College

The 30-acre (12 ha) campus, designed by the pioneering architect Gordon Kaufmann in the Spanish Colonial Revival Style architecture he was known for, is on the National Register of Historic Places.[7][8] It has been said that Kaufmann did more than create a campus – he "created a world."[9] Scripps College is also known for its handsome landscaping designed by Edward Huntsman-Trout. Sumner Hunt designed Janet Jacks Balch Hall.[10]

In addition to the rigor of its academics, Scripps is noted for the beauty of its campus.[11] A rose garden[12] between Toll and Browning Halls is designated for student cutting, and many women keep fresh-cut roses in their rooms. Fruit trees abound on the campus, and include orange (lining most paths near the residence halls), grapefruit (especially near the Claremont McKenna College campus), pomegranate (in the courtyards of Clark Hall and outside Dorsey Hall), kumquat (in Olive Court and outside the administration offices of Balch Hall), and loquat (in front of Toll Hall). Olive trees are found throughout the entire campus, particularly in Humanities courtyard. Some strawberry plants can also be found in the Rose Garden. Scents of orange blossoms and wisteria perfume the campus in the early spring. Elm Tree Lawn,[13] located near Revelle House (once again the President's House, after containing the offices of the Alumnae Association for several years), has long been the site of Commencement ceremonies. According to Forbes in 2010, Scripps College has been ranked among the 14 most beautiful college campuses in the world.[14] In 2011, Travel+Leisure listed Scripps as one of the most beautiful college campuses in the United States. [15]

Several facilities are shared by the members of the Claremont Consortium including Honnold/Mudd Library, the Keck Science Center, and the Robert J. Bernard Field Station.

Central to the Scripps campus is the student-run coffeeshop, the Motley Coffeehouse (commonly called "The Motley"). Located in Seal Court near the mailroom and Malott Commons dining hall, the Motley is a socially- and environmentally-conscious business that provides students with a venue for events and concerts as well providing space to study, hang out, and drink fair trade espresso. The Motley prides itself on being the only all-women, undergraduate, student-run coffeehouse "west of the Mississippi."[16]

Ruth Chandler Williamson Gallery[edit]

Scripps College is also the home of the Ruth Chandler Williamson Gallery,[17] which maintains Scripps College's permanent art collection of some 7,500 objects spanning 3,000 years of art history.[18] Objects are available for use in classes, displayed in campus exhibitions, and loaned to other exhibiting institutions. Among the holdings in the collection are works by American artists Andy Warhol, Winslow Homer, Childe Hassam, and John James Audubon, and an extensive collection of paintings by the California artist and Scripps Professor Emeritus Millard Sheets.

Margaret Fowler Garden[edit]

A view of the central pool, northern arcade and sculpture in the Margaret Fowler Garden at Scripps College.

Originally designed as a European medieval-style cloister garden to be located east of a proposed (but never built) chapel, the Margaret Fowler Garden is a walled garden located on the Scripps College Campus. The garden is laid out in two distinct sections: the western area contains the sculpture "Eternal Primitive", a central pool and four walkways extending in the cardinal directions. The eastern end has a Mediterranean style tiled wall fountain and open flagstone area. Arcades run along the north and south sides of the garden.

On the south wall of the Margaret Fowler Garden are murals by Alfredo Ramos Martínez. The College commissioned Martinez in 1946 to paint a mural (entitled "The Flower Vendors" by Martínez) on the south wall of the Fowler garden. Martínez sketched in the entire composition on the plaster wall and began working on several panels before dying unexpectedly on November 8, 1946 at the age of 72, leaving the mural unfinished. In 1994, a grant from the Getty Endowment allowed the mural to be conserved.[19]

Environmental sustainability[edit]

Scripps College has several sustainability initiatives underway, from energy conservation to green building practices. On the conservation front, the college has seen monetary and energy savings through use of a new energy management system, and has designed water systems to cut down on waste. Turning "Alumnae Field" into a natural surface also helped in efforts to conserve water. Scripps has also downsized trash bins and made "to-go" containers recyclable, in order to divert more waste from landfills. On the emissions reductions front, maintenance staff use electric blowers and carts (as opposed to gas powered equipment), while a ride-sharing program is available for students, faculty and staff.[20]

For its practices regarding sustainability, Scripps earned a D+ on the College Sustainability Report Card 2009, published by the Sustainable Endowments Institute. This grade reflects a quantitative analysis of how effective the institute's initiatives have been. The college received positive recognition for their exploration of the possibility of investing in renewable energy, but fared particularly badly on evaluation categories of shareholder engagement and endowment transparency.[21]

Academics[edit]

Claremont Colleges[edit]

Scripps is a member of the Claremont Colleges, and much of student life revolves around the five colleges, or "5Cs." Scripps College, Claremont McKenna College, Pomona College, Pitzer College and Harvey Mudd College not only interact socially, but also share dining halls, libraries, and other facilities spread throughout the bordering campuses. All five colleges, along with Claremont Graduate University and Keck Graduate Institute of Applied Life Sciences, are part of the Claremont University Consortium.

Any student attending Scripps can enroll in up to 2/3 of their classes at the other four colleges, and can also major at any of the other four, so long as the student's requested major is not offered at Scripps. This is the general academic policy at all five schools, and is meant to give students the resources of a larger university while still maintaining the qualities of a small, liberal-arts college.

Curriculum[edit]

Academics are focused on interdisciplinary humanistic studies, combined with rigorous training in the disciplines. General requirements include classes in fine arts, letters, natural sciences, social sciences, foreign language, women's/gender studies and race/ethnic studies. Scripps also requires first-year students to take a writing course. Each graduating student must complete a senior thesis or project. It shares several academic programs with other members of the Claremont Consortium, including the Joint Science Department and the Joint Music Department.

A key part of the Scripps experience is the Core curriculum, a sequence of three classes that encourage students to think critically and challenge ideas. Every first-year student takes Core I in the fall, which introduces students to major ideas that shape the modern world. Core II seminars focus on specific ideas introduced in Core I and are team-taught by two professors in different fields, such as physics and art. The concluding Core III classes encourage discussion and critical thinking for first-semester sophomores, culminating in individual projects.

Rankings[edit]

The 2015 annual ranking by U.S. News & World Report categorizes Scripps as 'most selective' and rates it the overall No. 24 liberal arts college in the nation, and the 3rd best women's college, after Wellesley College and Smith College.[22] Forbes in 2014 rated it 69th in its America's Top Colleges ranking of 650 schools, which includes military academies, national universities, and liberal arts colleges.[23] Kiplinger's Personal Finance places Scripps at 27th in its 2014 ranking of best value liberal arts colleges in the United States.[24]

Admissions profile[edit]

For the class of 2018, Scripps accepted 27% of applicants.[3] The middle 50% range of SAT scores for enrolled freshmen was 640-733 for critical reading, 640-720 for math, and 660-750 for writing, while the ACT Composite middle 50% range was 29–32.[3]

Student life[edit]

Residential life[edit]

Scripps is a residential campus, with nine halls and on-campus apartments providing living arrangements for all four years of undergraduate study. In 2006, The Princeton Review included Scripps in several of their rankings, such as "Dorms Like Palaces" (#4), "Most Beautiful Campus" (#17), and "Best Campus Food" (#19).[25]

All residence halls are mixed-class halls; first-year students, sophomores, juniors, and seniors live in one shared community. The number of residents in each hall ranges from 70 to 120, and each is governed by a Hall Council made up of five officers elected by the residents of that hall.

  • Eleanor Joy Toll Hall ("Toll"), 1927 - Toll is the first residence hall constructed on campus. It is named for Eleanor Joy Toll, the first woman trustee and prominent leader of women's interests, such as music education, and civic progress, in Southern California.
  • Grace Scripps Clark Hall ("Clark" or "Grace" by many alumnae), 1928 - Although Clark Hall was one of the first residence halls built, it remains one of the most popular today. The building features a baronial dining room with high ceilings, inner courtyards and balconies, and the mosaic-paved Olive Court, which externally joins Clark Hall to Eleanor Joy Toll Hall.
  • Ellen Browning Hall ("Browning"), 1929 - Browning Hall is named after Ellen Browning Scripps, founder of Scripps College. It opened in the Fall of 1929, and has remained one of the most popular dorms ever since.
  • Susan Miller Dorsey Hall ("Dorsey"), 1930 - Dorsey Hall was built in 1930. Financed almost entirely by women, including founder Ellen Browning Scripps and Margaret Fowler and interim president Mary Kimberly Shirk, the hall is named for Mrs. Dorsey, who was the first woman superintendent of schools in Los Angeles and one of the first trustees selected.
  • Mary Kimberly Hall ("Kimberly" or "Kimbo"), 1960 - Funded in part by gifts from friends and by the trustees of Harvey Mudd College, whose women students were housed at Scripps College in the 1960-80s.
  • Cecil & Bessie Bartlett Frankel Hall ("Frankel"), 1966 - Frankel Hall was built in the spring of 1966 to accommodate expansion from 300 to 500 students. It offers a variety of room arrangements (singles, doubles, triples, suites, and kitchenette apartments) and is air-conditioned.
  • Mary Routt Hall ("Routt"), 1966 - Routt Hall was built in the spring of 1966 to accommodate expansion from 300 to 500 students. It offers a variety of room arrangements (singles, doubles, triples, suites, and kitchenette apartments) and is air-conditioned.
  • Gabrielle Jungels-Winkler Hall ("GJW" or "GJ-Dub"), 2000 - The College's newest residence hall opened in 2000 and is designed in a style reminiscent of the original residence halls by Gordon Kaufmann.
  • Wilbur Hall, 2001 - Named for Board of Trustee member Van Rensselaer G. Wilbur and his wife Marguerite, Wilbur Hall was originally designed as a suite of living and dining rooms for special events on campus. When these functions were transferred to the Malott Commons, the building was completely rebuilt as Scripps' smallest residence.
  • As of October 2014, an anonymous donor gifted Scripps College with $10 million to support the construction of a 10th residence hall currently named NEW Hall.[26]

For those who would like the experience of being more independent and the ability to cook their own meals, Scripps offers four furnished, on-campus apartments. These apartments consist of four bedrooms, kitchen facilities, and a common area. The cost to live in the apartments is the same cost to one pays to live in normal residence hall rooms. Priority for these apartments is given to groups of seniors who apply.

Traditions and lore[edit]

  • La Semeuse: The seal of Scripps College, designed by sculptor Lee Lawrie, depicts La Semeuse—she who sows. The image of the sower of “the good seed of thought, of action, of life” was chosen by the faculty in the 1927-28 academic year. They also selected the College motto, Incipit Vita Nova—”here beginneth the new life.”
  • “Thy Many Gifts”: In the early years of Scripps College, a “Music Convo” was held each fall at which the four classes and residence halls each presented original songs in a high spirit of competition. At the “Convo” of 1932, Thy Many Gifts was presented by a self-appointed trio consisting of Isabel (Dean) Smith, who wrote the words and music in three parts, and two faculty wives, Mrs. Paul Havens and Mrs. John W. Darr. The song became and has remained the Scripps College Alma Mater.
  • Scripps Font and Color: Scripps has its own font ("Goudy Scripps" or "Scripps College Old Style")[27] and a printing press,[28] and a printing press, as well as its own color ("Scripps Green"), a sage green that is used liberally across the campus. The color was chosen to be reminiscent of the sagebrush originally covering the ground upon which the campus was built. Goudy Scripps font is often seen in Denison Library,[29] though is seldom used in college publications.
  • Graffiti Wall: In spring of 1931, the first graduating class signed Graffiti Wall. Located between Toll Hall and Browning Hall, this area provides a place for the graduating class to create an artistic logo or image unique to them and sign each of their names. It is a visual reminder of Scripps’ history and reflects the changing tastes and interests of past years.
  • Denison’s Doors: A relatively young tradition, matriculation began in 1990 with the arrival of President Nancy Bekavac. The key moment in the Matriculation Ceremony occurs in the first few days of new student orientation, when first-years process through the Ella Strong Denison Library East Door. This door remains locked on all other days of the year save commencement, when graduating seniors exit through this same door, signifying the beginning of commencement and the end of their educational journey at Scripps.
  • Afternoon Tea: Every Wednesday afternoon Scripps hosts Afternoon Tea in Seal Court. The Scripps tradition of Afternoon Tea began in 1931 and offers Claremont students beverages, pastries, vegetables, and other snacks and finger foods.

Athletics[edit]

Scripps joined with Claremont Men's College and Harvey Mudd College in 1976 to form the CMS (Claremont-Mudd-Scripps) Athletics programs. Women's teams compete as the Athenas (men's teams are known as the Stags).[30] Over the years, a rivalry has formed between the opposing sports teams of the Claremont Colleges: CMS (Claremont-Mudd-Scripps) and PP (Pomona-Pitzer).

Noted people[edit]

Presidents[edit]

  • Ernest Jaqua (1926–1942)
  • Mary Kimberly Shirk (1942–1943) -- acting president
  • Frederick Hard (1944–1964)
  • Mark Curtis (1965–1976)
  • John H. Chandler (1976–1989)
  • E. Howard Brooks (1989–1990)
  • Nancy Y. Bekavac (1990–2007) -- first female president
  • Frederick "Fritz" Weis (2007–2009)
  • Lori Bettison-Varga (2009–present)

Notable faculty[edit]

Notable alumnae[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ As of June 30, 2014. "U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year (FY) 2014 Endowment Market Value and Change in Endowment Market Value from FY 2013 to FY 2014". National Association of College and University Business Officers and Commonfund Institute. 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "Scripps College Facts". Scripps College. Retrieved March 12, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Scripps College Common Data Set 2013-2014". Scripps College. 
  4. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  5. ^ http://www.scrippscollege.edu/parents/handbook-mission.php
  6. ^ "Dante Online - Le Opere". danteonline.it. 
  7. ^ "Scripps College". campusheritage.org. 
  8. ^ "Scripps College". Encyclopedia Britannica. 
  9. ^ "America's Most Beautiful College Campuses". Forbes. 
  10. ^ http://www.scrippscollege.edu/about/campus-guide/balch-hall.php
  11. ^ "Scripps College". Niche.com. 12 December 2014. 
  12. ^ http://www.scrippscollege.edu/about/campus-guide/rose-garden.php
  13. ^ http://www.scrippscollege.edu/about/campus-guide/elm-tree-lawn.php
  14. ^ "The World's Most Beautiful College Campuses". Forbes. 2010-03-01. 
  15. ^ ""America's most beautiful college campuses", Travel+Leisure (September 2011)". Travel + Leisure. Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  16. ^ "Motley Coffee House official site". Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  17. ^ http://www.scrippscollege.edu/williamson-gallery/index.php
  18. ^ "Ruth Chandler Williamson Gallery". Web-kiosk.scrippscollege.edu. Retrieved 2014-08-17. 
  19. ^ http://www.scrippscollege.edu/about/campus-guide/margaret-fowler-gardens.php
  20. ^ [1][dead link]
  21. ^ "Scripps College - Green Report Card 2009". Greenreportcard.org. 2007-06-30. Retrieved 2014-08-17. 
  22. ^ "National Liberal Arts Colleges Rankings". U.S. News & World Report. 2015. 
  23. ^ "America's Top Colleges". Forbes. 2014-07-30. 
  24. ^ "Best Values in Private Colleges". Kiplinger's Personal Finance. March 2014. 
  25. ^ http://www.scrippscollege.edu/dept/newscenter/news/2005/hottestcollege.html
  26. ^ "Anonymous Gift Lays the Foundation for New Scripps Residence". Scripps College. 
  27. ^ http://www.scrippscollege.edu/campus/press/scripps-font.php
  28. ^ http://www.scrippscollege.edu/campus/press/index.php
  29. ^ http://www.scrippscollege.edu/about/campus-guide/denison-library.php
  30. ^ http://www.scrippscollege.edu/students/athletics/index.php
  31. ^ Hoder, Randye. "‘Money Is Only Actually Fun If You’re Already Happy’". TIME. 

External links[edit]