E. W. Scripps Company

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The E. W. Scripps Company
Type Public company
Traded as NYSESSP
Industry Broadcast television/News Publication
Community Educational Services
Founded 1878 (Originally as The Cleveland Penny Press)
Headquarters Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
Key people Edward W. Scripps (1854–1926), Founder
Roy W. Howard (1883–1964)
Richard A. Boehne (President & CEO)
Revenue $1.1 billion (2007)
Website www.scripps.com

The E. W. Scripps Company is an American media conglomerate founded by Edward Willis Scripps in 1922.[1] The company is headquartered inside the Scripps Center in Cincinnati, Ohio.[2] Its corporate motto is "Give light and the people will find their own way."[3]

On October 16, 2007, the company announced that it would separate into two publicly traded companies: The E. W. Scripps Company (newspapers, TV stations, licensing/syndication) and Scripps Networks Interactive (NYSE: SNI), (HGTV, Food Network, DIY Network, Cooking Channel [formerly known as Fine Living], Travel Channel and Great American Country). The transaction was completed on July 1, 2008.

On October 3, 2011 The E.W. Scripps Company announced it was purchasing the television arm of McGraw-Hill for $212 million.[4] This purchase nearly doubles the number of Scripps stations to 19 with a combined reach of 13% of U.S. households.

The E.W. Scripps Company and Journal Communications announced on July 30, 2014 that the two companies would merge and spin-off their newspaper assets.[5] The deal will create a broadcast group under the E.W. Scripps Company name and retaining the Cincinnati headquarters, as well as a newspaper company based in Milwaukee, Wisconsin under the Journal Media Group name. The transaction is slated to be completed in 2015, pending shareholder and regulatory approvals.[6] The FCC approved the deal on December 12.[7]

Corporate governance[edit]

The E. W. Scripps Company is headquartered in the Scripps Center in downtown Cincinnati.

From 1922 until 2012, the company was governed by the Edward W. Scripps Trust. The company's shares were divided into two types – Class A Common Shares, which were traded on the New York Stock Exchange, and common voting shares, which were not publicly traded and elected a majority of the company's directors. A number of media companies, including the New York Times Company and the Washington Post Company, are governed by this system wherein the descendants of the company's founders can keep control of the company. Upon the death of Edward W. Scripps' grandson, Robert Scripps, in 2012 (the last of Edward W. Scripps' descendants upon whom the duration of the trust was based), the trust was dissolved and its stock will be divided among the surviving trustees.[8]

Scripps newspapers[edit]

In 1997, Scripps bought daily Texas newspapers in Corpus Christi, Abilene, Wichita Falls, San Angelo and Plano, plus the paper in Anderson, S.C. from Harte-Hanks Communications, along with 25 non-daily newspapers and San Antonio-based KENS-TV and KENS-AM.[9] The purchase price was to be between $605 and $775 million, depending on a federal ruling.[10]

The company currently owns and operates newspapers in 13 American markets:

Former newspapers[edit]

Name City Fate Date Note
Toledo News-Bee Toledo, Ohio closed August 2, 1938 Remnants of the paper were acquired by The Toledo Blade.
Houston Press Houston, Texas closed March 20, 1964 Assets were sold to The Houston Chronicle.
Indianapolis Times Indianapolis, Indiana closed October 11, 1965
New York World-Telegram New York City merged, then closed April 23, 1966
World-Telegram and Sun
May 5, 1967
World Journal Tribune
Known as the New York World-Telegram and Sun after 1951, when it purchased the remnants of the New York Sun. After a proposed joint operating agreement between two other newspapers with distinct histories – Hearst's New York Journal American and John Hay Whitney's New York Herald Tribune – collapsed due to union pressure, all three merged to form the New York World Journal Tribune (all three owners had a stake in the publication as "World Journal Tribune, Inc."). The combined paper did not launch for 140 days due to a newspaper strike triggered by the merger, and ultimately folded the following May. Scripps would maintain ownership of the World-Telegram's annual publication, The World Almanac and Book of Facts until 1993, when that was sold to Primedia.
The Washington Daily News Washington, DC sold August 1972 Sold to, and ultimately merged into, The Washington Star.
Fort Worth Press Fort Worth, Texas closed 1975
Cleveland Press Cleveland, Ohio sold October 31, 1980 The company's first newspaper and original flagship. Merged with the Cleveland News in 1960. Sold to entrepreneur Joseph E. Cole in 1980 after the Cleveland Plain Dealer surpassed it in both circulation and revenue throughout the 1960s and 1970s. Subsequently closed on June 17, 1982.
Memphis Press-Scimitar Memphis, Tennessee closed October 31, 1983 Afternoon-only daily paper. The paper's roots trace back to 1880; it was acquired by Scripps' antecedent, the Scripps-McRae League, in 1906. Scripps also purchased the city's morning paper, The Commercial Appeal (which it still owns) in 1936.
Columbus Citizen-Journal Columbus, Ohio closed December 31, 1983 Founded in 1899. Also had its roots in what was one of the first newspapers in Ohio, The Ohio State Journal, which was founded in 1814. Operated as part of a joint operating agreement with The Columbus Dispatch for several decades; Scripps folded the paper after the Dispatch terminated the JOA, and a sale of the paper to Akron-area businessman Nyles V. Reinfeld collapsed.
Pittsburgh Press Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania sold May 17, 1992 Sold to Block Communications, subsequently merged into the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Revived as an online-only paper in 2011.
Thousand Oaks News Chronicle Thousand Oaks, California closed July 22, 1995 Publication relocated to Camarillo, California and merged with the co-owned Ventura County Star.
Birmingham Post-Herald Birmingham, Alabama closed September 23, 2005 The paper's roots trace back to the Elyton Herald, founded 21 years before Birmingham's incorporation as a city. Merged with the Scripps-owned Birmingham Post in 1950. Long a morning newspaper, it switched to an afternoon-only publication by request of joint operating agreement partner The Birmingham News (which itself became a tri-weekly in 2012).
dirt Boulder, Colorado closed 2006
Cincinnati Post Cincinnati, Ohio closed December 31, 2007 Distributed in the Covington, Kentucky region as The Kentucky Post; that version was converted to an online-only publication as KYPost.com, which operates to this day.
The Albuquerque Tribune Albuquerque, New Mexico closed February 23, 2008 Founding owner Carl Magee's slogan for the paper, "Give light and the people will find their own way," and accompanying lighthouse logo, would both be adopted by Scripps after their 1923 acquisition of the paper.
Rocky Mountain News Denver, Colorado closed February 27, 2009 Purchased by Scripps in 1926. Folded 55 days prior to its 150th anniversary of publication.
Youngstown Telegram Youngstown, Ohio sold July 2, 1936 Acquired by the Youngstown Vindicator Printing Company and merged into The Vindicator.
The Daily Camera Boulder, Colorado sold 2009 Acquired by Media News Group Inc.
El Paso Herald-Post El Paso, Texas closed October 11, 1997
San Francisco News San Francisco merged 1965 Founded 1903. Merged with the Hearst's San Francisco Call-Bulletin to form The News-Call Bulletin in 1959. Hearst acquired complete control in 1962 and merged it into the San Francisco Examiner in 1965.

Syndicates[edit]

Scripps owns the Scripps Howard News Service and, until 2011, operated United Media (composed of the United Feature Syndicate and the Newspaper Enterprise Association). United Feature Syndicate syndicated many notable comic strips including Peanuts, Garfield, Li'l Abner, Dilbert, Nancy and Marmaduke. NEA, originally established as a secondary news service to the Scripps Howard News Service, later evolved into a general syndicate, and were best known for syndicating Alley Oop, Freckles and His Friends, The Born Loser and Frank and Ernest, in addition to an annual Christmas comic strip.[11] The distribution rights to properties syndicated by United Media was outsourced to Universal Uclick in February 2011. While United Media effectively ceased to exist, Scripps still maintains copyrights and intellectual property rights.[12][13]

Scripps also operated United Press International (United Press from its 1907 inception until a 1958 merger with Hearst's International News Service) until selling it off in 1982.

Broadcasting[edit]

E. W. Scripps' television division currently owns twenty-one television stations in sixteen markets; eleven ABC affiliates, three NBC affiliates, five Azteca América affiliates, one My Network TV affiliate and one independent affiliate. As a result of its merger with Journal, E.W Scripps will acquire three more ABC affiliates, two more NBC affiliates, one more My Network TV affiliate, as well as two Fox affiliates, two CBS affiliates, and one CW; these are expected to close in 2015; the new total will be 32 stations.

Scripps also previously owned the Shop at Home home-shopping television network, which in turn owned five television stations.[citation needed]

In October 1995, Comcast announced the purchase of E. W. Scripps' cable television operation.[14]

On May 22, 2006, Scripps announced that it was to cease operations of the network and intended to sell each of Shop at Home's five owned and operated television stations.[15] Jewelry Television eventually acquired Shop at Home, but Scripps still intended to sell its affiliated stations. On September 26, 2006, Scripps announced that it was selling its Shop at Home TV stations to New York City-based Multicultural Television for $170 million.[16]

On October 3, 2011, Scripps announced it was purchasing all seven television stations owned by The McGraw-Hill Companies for $212 million; the sale is a result of McGraw-Hill's decision to exit the broadcasting industry to focus on its other core properties, including its publishing unit.[17] This deal was approved by the FTC on October 31[18] and the FCC on November 29.[19] The deal was completed on December 30, 2011.[20]

On February 10, 2014, Scripps announced it has reached a deal to acquire Buffalo ABC affiliate WKBW-TV and Detroit MyNetworkTV affiliate WMYD for $110 million.[21] The sale was approved by the FCC on May 2, 2014 and was completed on June 16, 2014. This deal has created a duopoly between WMYD and ABC affiliate WXYZ-TV.

Television stations[edit]

Notes:

  • (**) - Indicates stations built and signed on by Scripps.
  • (¤¤) - Indicates stations that were previously owned by McGraw-Hill prior to its acquisition by Scripps in 2011.
  • (##) - Indicates stations that were acquired by Scripps from Granite Broadcasting in 2014.
  • (§§) - Indicates stations owned by Journal Communications to be merged with Scripps, awaiting consummation.
City of license / Market Station Channel
TV (RF)
Owned Since Affiliation
Phoenix, AZ KNXV-TV 15 (15) 1985 ABC
Tucson - Sierra Vista, Arizona KGUN-TV §§ 9 (35) 2015 ABC
KWBA-TV §§ 58 (44) 2015 The CW
Bakersfield, CA KERO-TV ¤¤ 23 (10) 2011 ABC
KZKC-LP ¤¤ 42 2011 Azteca América
San Diego, CA KGTV ¤¤ 10 (10) 2011 ABC
KZSD-LP ¤¤ 41 2011 Azteca América
Colorado Springs, CO KZCS-LP ¤¤ 23 2011 Azteca América
Denver, CO KMGH-TV ¤¤ 7 (7) 2011 ABC
KZCO-LD ¤¤ 27 2011 Azteca América
WindsorFort Collins, CO KZFC-LP ¤¤ 36 2011 Azteca América
Cape Coral - Fort Myers - Naples, Florida WFTX-TV §§ 36 (35) 2015 Fox
TampaSt. Petersburg, FL WFTS-TV 28 (29) 1986 ABC
West Palm Beach, FL WPTV 5 (12) 1961 NBC
WFLX 29 (28) 1 Fox
Nampa - Caldwell - Boise, Idaho KIVI-TV §§ 6 (24) 2 ABC
KNIN-TV §§ 9 (10) 2 Fox
Twin Falls, Idaho KSAW-LD §§
(semi-satellite of KIVI)
51 (51) 2015 ABC
Indianapolis, IN WRTV ¤¤ 6 (25) 2011 ABC
Baltimore, MD WMAR-TV 2 (38) 1991 ABC
Detroit, MIWindsor, ON WXYZ-TV 7 (41) 1986 ABC
WMYD ## 20 (21) 2014 MyNetworkTV
Lansing, Michigan WSYM-TV §§ 47 (35) 2015 Fox
WHTV 18 (34) 3 MyNetworkTV
Kansas City, MOLawrence, KS KSHB-TV 41 (42) 1977 NBC
KMCI-TV 38 (41) 2002 Independent
Omaha, Nebraska KMTV-TV §§ 3 (45) 2015 CBS
Las Vegas, Nevada KTNV-TV §§ 13 (12) 2015 ABC
Buffalo, NY WKBW-TV ## 7 (38) 2014 ABC
Cincinnati, OH WCPO-TV ** 9 (22) 1949 ABC
ClevelandAkronCanton, OH WEWS-TV ** 5 (15) 1947 ABC
Tulsa, OK KJRH-TV 2 (8) 1971 NBC
Nashville, Tennessee WTVF §§ 5 (25) 2015 CBS
Green Bay - Appleton, Wisconsin WGBA-TV §§ 26 (41) 2015 NBC
WACY-TV §§ 32 (27) 2015 MyNetworkTV
Milwaukee, Wisconsin WTMJ-TV §§ 4 (28) 2015 NBC

Other Notes:

  • 1 Owned by Raycom Media, it is operated through a shared services agreement.
  • 2 KIVI & KNIN are being placed into a divestiture trust formed by Scripps & Journal, being operated by Kiel Media Group, until one of those stations be divested to an independent entity.
  • 3 Owned by Venture Technologies Group, it is operated through a shared services agreement.

Former Scripps-owned stations[edit]

Television stations[edit]

City of license/Market Station Channel
TV (RF)
Years owned Current Ownership Status
San Francisco KCNS 38 (39) 2002–2006 MundoFox affiliate owned by NRJ TV, LLC
(operated by Titan TV Broadcast Group)
Bridgeport, CT – New York City WSAH 43 (42) 2002–2007 Me-TV affiliate, WZME, owned by NRJ TV, LLC
(operated by Titan TV Broadcast Group)
LawrenceBoston, MA WMFP 62 (18) 2002–2007 Me-TV affiliate owned by NRJ TV, LLC
(operated by Titan TV Broadcast Group)
WilsonRaleighDurham, N.C. WRAY-TV 30 (42) 2002–2006 Tri-State Christian Television owned-and-operated (O&O)
CantonCleveland, OH WOAC 67 (47) 2002–2006 Tri-State Christian Television owned-and-operated (O&O), WRLM
Memphis WMCT/WMC-TV ** 5 (5) 1948–1993 NBC affiliate owned by Raycom Media
San Antonio KENS-TV ++ 5 (39) 1997 CBS affiliate owned by Gannett Company

Radio stations[edit]

Market Station Current Status
Baltimore WBSB-FM-104.3 WZFT, owned by iHeartMedia
Cincinnati WCPO-1230 WDBZ, owned by Radio One
WUBE-FM-105.1 ** owned by Hubbard Broadcasting
Cleveland WEWS-FM-102.1 ** WDOK, owned by CBS Radio
Portland, Oregon KUPL-970 KUFO, owned by Alpha Broadcasting
KUPL-FM-98.7 owned by Alpha Broadcasting
Knoxville, Tennessee WNOX-990 WNML, owned by Cumulus Media
Memphis WMPS-680 WMFS, owned by Entercom
WMC-790 owned by Entercom
WMC-FM-99.7 ** owned by Entercom
San Antonio, Texas KENS-1160 ++ KRDY, owned by Salem Communications

Notes:
** indicates a station that was built and signed-on by E.W. Scripps
++ indicates a station that was owned by Scripps but operated by Belo Corporation (via a time brokerage agreement) during Scripps' ownership

National Spelling Bee[edit]

Scripps also operates the national (US) spelling bee. The final competition is in Washington, DC and it is broadcast on ESPN and ABC. Lower levels are organized by the school, then county and eventually to the final competition.[citation needed]

Controversies[edit]

Hugo Zacchini performed a human cannonball act in 1972 at the Geauga County Fair in Burton, Ohio. Scripps television station WEWS-TV recorded and aired the entire act against his wishes and without compensating him, as was required by Ohio law. In Zacchini v. Scripps-Howard Broadcasting Co., the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the First Amendment did not shield the broadcaster from liability from common law copyright claims.[22]

Scripps owns and operates The Commercial Appeal, which posted a controversial database listing Tennessee residents with permits to carry handguns.[23] The database is a public record in Tennessee, but had not previously been posted online.

Scripps owns and operates the Ventura County Star, which has faced many complaints involving its circulation practices rather than its editorial content. As of April 2, 2011, the Better Business Bureau listed ten (10) separate "significant" complaints from the previous three years, of which two alleged the company made unauthorized debits from customers' checking accounts, four alleged problems obtaining refunds, two alleged the company harassed a customer or former customer, two alleged improper billing, and two alleged delivery continuing after customers tried to cancel.[24] (The total number of allegations does not add to the total number of complaints because two complaints made multiple allegations.)

In May 2013, Scripps News Service discovered and published a security breach on the websites of Oklahoma-based TerraCom Inc. and an affiliate, YourTel America Inc. in which the personal information of tens of thousands of low-income Americans was publicly exposed. In response, the two companies accused Scripps of "hacking" and of violations of the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act.[25][26] The Illinois Attorney General Lisa Madigan subsequently announced an investigation into the two companies.[27]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "EW Scripps Co (SSP) Company Profile | Reuters.com". reuters.com. Retrieved September 25, 2012. 
  2. ^ "SSP Profile & Executives – EW Scripps Co – Bloomberg". bloomberg.com. Retrieved October 18, 2012. 
  3. ^ Osborne, Kevin (February 21, 2007). "Cover Story: The Light Dims". Cincinnati CityBeat (Cincinnati, Ohio: Lightborne Publishing). Retrieved 2011-08-28. The corporate motto for Cincinnati-based media chain E.W. Scripps Co. is 'Give light and the people will find their own way,' which the lighthouse logo has come to symbolize. 
  4. ^ [1][dead link]
  5. ^ David Carr (August 11, 2014). "Print Is Down, and Now Out: Media Companies Spin Off Newspapers, to Uncertain Futures". New York Times. p. B1. Archived from the original on August 11, 2014. Turns out, not so much – quite the opposite, really. The Washington Post seems fine, but recently, in just over a week, three of the biggest players in American newspapers – Gannett, Tribune Company and E. W. Scripps, companies built on print franchises that expanded into television – dumped those properties like yesterday's news in a series of spinoffs. 
  6. ^ "E.W. Scripps, Journal Merging Broadcast Ops". TVNewsCheck. July 30, 2014. Retrieved July 31, 2014. 
  7. ^ http://www.tvnewscheck.com/article/81530/scrippsjournal-merger-gets-fcc-ok
  8. ^ "Press Releases | The E.W. Scripps Company". Scripps.com. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  9. ^ "Scripps to Acquire Harte-Hanks Outlets – Los Angeles Times". Articles.latimes.com. May 20, 1997. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  10. ^ KENNETH N. GILPINPublished: May 20, 1997 (May 20, 1997). "Scripps to Buy Harte-Hanks Media Assets – New York Times". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  11. ^ List of NEA Christmas strips (1936–2010), with credits
  12. ^ Universal Uclick to Provide Syndicate Services for United Media, PR Newswire, February 24, 2011.
  13. ^ United Media Outsources Content to Universal Uclick, Editor & Publisher, April 29, 2011.
  14. ^ Geraldine Fabrikant (October 30, 1995). "Comcast to Buy Cable Division From Scripps". The New York Times. Retrieved April 22, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Scripps ceasing Shop at Home operations" (Press release). E. W. Scripps Company. May 16, 2006. Retrieved 2007-10-28. 
  16. ^ "Scripps sells Shop at Home TV stations" (Press release). E. W. Scripps Company. September 26, 2006. Retrieved 2007-10-28. 
  17. ^ McGraw-Hill Sells TV Group To Scripps, TVNewsCheck, October 3, 2011.
  18. ^ FTC OK With Scripps/McGraw-Hill
  19. ^ Scripps Purchase Of McGraw-Hill TVs
  20. ^ "Scripps completes McGraw-Hill Stations Buy". TVNewsCheck. December 30, 2011. Retrieved December 31, 2011. 
  21. ^ Scripps Buying Granite TVs in Buffalo, Detroit, TVNewsCheck, Retrieved February 10, 2014
  22. ^ White, Byron (June 28, 1977). "HUGO ZACCHINI, PETITIONER, V. SCRIPPS-HOWARD BROADCASTING COMPANY.". Legal Information Institute. Cornell Law School. Retrieved April 27, 2014. 
  23. ^ public record (November 8, 2008). "Tennessee Handgun Carry Permit Database". The Commercial Appeal (Memphis). Retrieved 2009-06-29. 
  24. ^ "Significant Complaints", The Better Business Bureau of Ventura, Santa Barbara and San Luis Obispo Counties, Inc.
  25. ^ "My Social Security Number Is Posted Where?". NPR. May 21, 2013. Retrieved May 21, 2013. 
  26. ^ "Investigative journalists threatened with felony for exposing security flaw". RT. May 21, 2013. Retrieved May 21, 2013. 
  27. ^ "Illinois AG to review online privacy breach". Knoxville News Sentinel. May 21, 2013. Retrieved May 21, 2013. 

External links[edit]