Scullin monolith

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Scullin Monolith is a crescent-shaped rock fronting the sea 6 km (3.7 mi) west of the similar Murray Monolith, and 8 km (5.0 mi) from Torlyn Mountain, in Mac.Robertson Land, Antarctica. Early in January 1930 the British Australian New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (BANZARE) under Douglas Mawson made an aerial flight from the ship over the area. Mawson set foot on the rock on 13 February 1931 and named it for James Scullin, Prime Minister of Australia in 1929 - 31.[1] The rock was charted in January and February 1931 from Norwegian whale catchers exploring the coast, and named "Mount Klarius Mikkelsen" for Captain Klarius Mikkelsen, master of the whale catcher Torlyn. Mikkelsen Peak is retained as the name of the highest peak of the outcrop.

Birds[edit]

As it is not covered in snow or ice, it is an important breeding ground for birds, particularly petrels.[2] Together, Scullin and Murray monoliths hold the greatest concentration of seabird breeding colonies in East Antarctica, including at least 160,000 pairs of Antarctic Petrels and 70,000 pairs of Adélie Penguins. They are protected under the Antarctic Treaty System as Antarctic Specially Protected Area (ASPA) No.164.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Antarctic Gazetteer: Scullin Monolith". Australian Antarctic Division. Retrieved 2008-01-26. 
  2. ^ "Scullin Monolith: Topography and bird distribution". Australian Antarctic Division. Retrieved 2008-01-26. 
  3. ^ "Scullin and Murray Monoliths, Mac.Robertson Land, East Antarctica". Management Plan for Antarctic Specially Protected Area No. 164: Measure 2, Annex N. Antarctic Treaty Secretariat. 2005. Retrieved 2013-01-24. 

 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document "Scullin monolith" (content from the Geographic Names Information System).


Coordinates: 67°47′S 66°42′E / 67.783°S 66.700°E / -67.783; 66.700