Scuol

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Scuol
Scuol 09.jpg
Coat of arms of Scuol
Coat of arms
Scuol is located in Switzerland
Scuol
Scuol
Coordinates: 46°48′N 10°17′E / 46.800°N 10.283°E / 46.800; 10.283Coordinates: 46°48′N 10°17′E / 46.800°N 10.283°E / 46.800; 10.283
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Inn
Area[1]
 • Total 144.14 km2 (55.65 sq mi)
Elevation 1,290 m (4,230 ft)
Population (Dec 2013[2])
 • Total 2,350
 • Density 16/km2 (42/sq mi)
Postal code 7550
SFOS number 3762
Surrounded by Ftan, Mals (IT-BZ), Sent, Tarasp, Tschierv, Taufers im Münstertal (IT-BZ), Valchava
Website www.scuol.ch
SFSO statistics

Scuol (pronounced [ˈʃkwol]) is a municipality in the district of Inn in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. The official language in Scuol is Romansh.

Name[edit]

The official name has undergone several changes in the 20th century:

  • Until 1943, the official name of the municipality was Schuls.
  • In 1943, it was changed to Bad Scuol/Schuls.
  • In 1970 Schuls was dropped as an official name, leaving only Bad Scuol.
  • In 1999 Bad was dropped, leaving today's name, Scuol.

History[edit]

Hotel Waldhaus Vulpera before it burned down in 27 May 1989

Scuol is first mentioned in 1095 as Schulles.[3]

The Neo-Renaissance style Grand Hotel Waldhaus Vulpera in Scuol-Tarasp with Sgraffito-Elements was opened on 8 June 1897 and was one of the first addresses in the Swiss Alps and was a major Belle Époque monument in Europe.

Geography[edit]

Scuol village and valley

Scuol has an area, as of 2006, of 144.1 km2 (55.6 sq mi). Of this area, 28% is used for agricultural purposes, while 25.7% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.1% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (45.2%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4] The whole southern face towards Piz Champatsch on 2785 meters is being used as a skiing area called "Motta Naluns", named after a place north of Scuol. The resort has 80 kilometers of slopes and 12 lifts (aerial cableway/ chair lifts / drag lifts).

The municipality is the capital of the Inn district and is located in the Suot Tasna sub-district. It is a well known spa town and vacation spot and is the business center of the Unterengadin valley. It is the largest village on the left side of the Inn river. It consists of the village of Scuol with the section Pradella and the old mining village of S-charl. Until 1970 Scuol was known as Scuol/Schuls.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Church in Scuol.

Scuol has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 2,350.[2] As of 2008, 23.6% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[6] Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 1.4%.[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 48.5% male and 51.5% female.[7] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Scuol is; 220 children or 10.4% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 106 teenagers or 5.0% are 10 to 14, and 139 teenagers or 6.6% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 248 people or 11.7% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 334 people or 15.7% are 30 to 39, 306 people or 14.4% are 40 to 49, and 278 people or 13.1% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 201 people or 9.5% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 154 people or 7.3% are 70 to 79, there are 115 people or 5.4% who are 80 to 89, and there are 21 people or 1.0% who are 90 to 99.[6]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 54.4% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (21.2%), the FDP (15.6%) and the CVP (6.6%).[4]

In Scuol about 69.7% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Scuol has an unemployment rate of 2.35%. As of 2005, there were 44 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 16 businesses involved in this sector. 352 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 32 businesses in this sector. 1,193 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 164 businesses in this sector.[4]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3][7]

year population
1835 989
1850 912
1900 1,117
1950 1,384
1960 1,429
1970 1,686
1980 1,744
1990 1,889
2000 2,122

Languages[edit]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks Rhaeto-Romance (49.4%), with German being second most common (39.2%) and Italian being third ( 3.9%).[4]

Languages in Scuol
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
Romansh 1130 64.79% 1087 57.54% 1049 49.43%
German 484 27.75% 651 34.46% 831 39.16%
Italian 76 4.36% 77 4.08% 82 3.86%
Population 1744 100% 1889 100% 2122 100%

Hospital[edit]

There is one small regional hospital, called Ospidal Engiadina Bassa (Romansh: Hospital of the Lower Engadin). The hospital celebrated its 100th anniversary on 21 June 2008. It is one of the country's smallest hospitals, offering basic services such as departments of surgery, internal medicine, cardiology, dermatology, oncology, gynecology, a 24-hour Emergency Department, and a 2-bed intensive care unit. Understandably for a mountain resort with a major ski region, orthopedic procedures are very common.

Main sights[edit]

The Baselgia refurmada, the Chasa Wieland Nr. 29 and the Kurhaus Bad Tarasp (spa Bad Tarasp) are listed as Swiss heritage sites of national significance.[8]

Climate[edit]

Scuol has an average of 97.8 days of rain per year and on average receives 693 mm (27.3 in) of precipitation. The wettest month is August during which time Scuol receives an average of 96 mm (3.8 in) of precipitation. During this month there is precipitation for an average of 11.3 days. The month with the most days of precipitation is July, with an average of 11.3, but with only 87 mm (3.4 in) of precipitation. The driest month of the year is March with an average of 36 mm (1.4 in) of precipitation over 11.3 days.[9]

Climate data for Scuol (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −0.2
(31.6)
2.5
(36.5)
7.8
(46)
11.9
(53.4)
16.7
(62.1)
20.2
(68.4)
22.8
(73)
22.1
(71.8)
18.3
(64.9)
13.4
(56.1)
5.2
(41.4)
0.0
(32)
11.7
(53.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.5
(23.9)
−3.2
(26.2)
1.2
(34.2)
5.2
(41.4)
10.0
(50)
13.0
(55.4)
15.2
(59.4)
14.6
(58.3)
11.0
(51.8)
6.6
(43.9)
0.3
(32.5)
−3.7
(25.3)
5.5
(41.9)
Average low °C (°F) −8.3
(17.1)
−7.7
(18.1)
−3.9
(25)
−0.3
(31.5)
4.1
(39.4)
6.9
(44.4)
9.0
(48.2)
8.8
(47.8)
5.6
(42.1)
1.8
(35.2)
−3.4
(25.9)
−7.0
(19.4)
0.5
(32.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 37
(1.46)
33
(1.3)
36
(1.42)
37
(1.46)
62
(2.44)
79
(3.11)
91
(3.58)
102
(4.02)
62
(2.44)
63
(2.48)
61
(2.4)
43
(1.69)
706
(27.8)
Snowfall cm (inches) 50.6
(19.92)
43.2
(17.01)
20.6
(8.11)
10.3
(4.06)
2.2
(0.87)
0.2
(0.08)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.2
(0.08)
2.5
(0.98)
28.1
(11.06)
43.3
(17.05)
201.2
(79.21)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5.6 5.1 5.6 6.3 9.2 10.1 10.5 11.1 7.5 7.6 7.2 6.8 92.6
Avg. snowy days (≥ 1.0 cm) 7.7 6.5 4.9 3 0.4 0.1 0 0 0 0.4 5 7.4 35.4
 % humidity 75 70 65 63 65 66 67 71 72 75 78 78 70
Mean monthly sunshine hours 97 119 157 163 173 181 215 195 165 144 93 77 1,779
Source: MeteoSwiss [10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  3. ^ a b Scuol in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 12-Oct-2009
  5. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 23 September 2009
  6. ^ a b Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  7. ^ a b Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  8. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 12-Oct-2009
  9. ^ "Temperature and Precipitation Average Values-Table, 1961-1990" (in German, French, Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology - MeteoSwiss. Retrieved 8 May 2009. , the weather station elevation is 1303 meters above sea level.
  10. ^ "Climate Norm Value Tables". Climate diagrams and normals from Swiss measuring stations. Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology (MeteoSwiss). Retrieved 23 January 2013.  The weather station elevation is 1303 meters above sea level.
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

External links[edit]