Scutari Vilayet

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Vilâyet-i İşkodra
Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire

1867–1913
 

Flag of Scutari Vilayet

Flag

Location of Scutari Vilayet
Scutari Vilayet in 1900
Capital Scutari (present-day Shkodër)
History
 -  Established 1867
 -  Treaty of London 1913
Population
 -  1911[1] 349,455 
Today part of  Montenegro
 Albania

The Vilayet of Scutari, Shkoder or Shkodra (Turkish: İşkodra Vilayeti or Vilayet-i İşkodra) was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire that existed from 1867 to 1913, located in parts of what today is Montenegro and Albania. In the late 19th century it reportedly had an area of 5,310 square miles (13,800 km2).[2]

History[edit]

Main article: Sanjak of Scutari

The Scutari Vilayet was established in 1867[3] by merging the Sanjaks of Shkodra and Debar.[citation needed] The Sanjak of Scutari was established when Ottoman Empire acquired Shkodra after the Siege of Shkodra in 1478-9. A big part of Principality of Zeta was added to territory of Sanjak of Scutari in 1499.[4] In 1514 this territory was separated from the Sanjak of Scutari and established as separate Sanjak of Montenegro, under the rule of Skenderbeg Crnojević. When he died in 1528, the Sanjak of Montenegro was merged with Sanjak of Scutari, as unique administrative unit with certain degree of autonomy.[5]

In 1867, the Sanjak of Scutari merged with the Sanjak of Skopje and became the Scutari Vilayet. Its sanjaks were Sanjak of Scutari, Prizren, and Sanjak of Dibra. In 1877, Prizren passed to the Kosovo Vilayet and Debar passed to the Monastir Vilayet, while Durrës (Dıraç) township became Durrës Sanjak. In 1878 after the Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878) Bar and Podgorica townships were ceded to Montenegro.

In 1912 and beginning of 1913 it was occupied by members of Balkan League during the First Balkan War. In 1914 the territory of Scutari Vilayet became a part of Principality of Albania, established on the basis of peace contract signed during London Conference in 1913.[6]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Sanjaks of the Vilayet:[7]

  1. Sanjak of Scutari (Shkodër, Lezhë, Orosh, Pukë)
  2. Sanjak of Diraç (Durrës, Tirana, Krujë, Kavajë)

Demographics[edit]

A publication from December 21, 1912 in the Belgian magazine Ons Volk Ontwaakt (Our Nation Awakes) estimated 185,200 inhabitants:[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Teaching Modern Southeast European History. Alternative Educational Materials, p. 26
  2. ^ Europe by Éliseé Reclus, p. 152
  3. ^ Bayly Winder, Richard (1969). Near Eastern round table, 1967-68. New York: Near East Center and the Center for International Studies, New York University. p. 110. Retrieved 29 September 2011. In June 1867, thirteen new vilayets were formed: Bursa, Dardanelles, ... Ankara, Diyarbekir (Kurdistan), Sivas , Kastamonu, Thessaloniki (Salanik) , Konya, and Yanina (Epirus and Thessaly), Prizren, and Ishkodra (Scutari of Albania). 
  4. ^ Ćorović, Vladimir (1933). Istorija Jugoslavije (in Serbian). Beograd: Narodno Delo. Retrieved 27 April 2011. Год. 1499. припојена је била Црна Гора скадарском санџакату. Али, год. 1514. одвојио је султан поново и поставио јој за управника, као санџак-бега, потурченог Станишу, односно Скендер-бега Црнојевића. 
  5. ^ Ćorović, Vladimir (1933). Istorija Jugoslavije (in Serbian). Beograd: Narodno Delo. Retrieved 27 April 2011. 1528... Црна Гора је потом поново припојена скадарском санџакату и остала је са извесним ... правима његов саставни део... 
  6. ^ Vickers, Miranda (1999). The Albanians: a modern history. I.B.Tauris. pp. 77, 78. ISBN 978-1-86064-541-9. 
  7. ^ Iskodra Vilayeti | Tarih ve Medeniyet
  8. ^ Published on December 21, 1912 in the Belgian magazine Ons Volk Ontwaakt (Our Nation Awakes) - view the table of Vilajet Skutari: Skynet GodsdBalkan

External links[edit]

Public Domain Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Scutari, Turkey (Vilayet)". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.