Scutellaria barbata

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Scutellaria barbata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Scutellaria
Species: S. barbata
Binomial name
Scutellaria barbata
D.Don.

Scutellaria barbata is a species of flowering plant in the mint family, Lamiaceae. It is native to Asia.[1] Its English common name is barbed skullcap.[2]

It is a perennial herb generally reaching up to 35 centimeters tall, sometimes taller. The lightly toothed leaves are somewhat lance-shaped or triangular and up to about 3 centimeters long. The flowers are borne on pedicels that have tiny, sharp bracteoles. The purple-blue, lightly hairy flower corolla is roughly a centimeter long. The plant grows in moist and wet habitat, such as paddy fields.[1]

As an herb used in traditional Chinese medicine it is known as Ban Zhi Lian (Chinese: 半枝莲; pinyin: bànzhīlián). It has been tested in clinical trials for the treatment of metastatic breast cancer.[3] Extracts induced apoptosis in prostate cancer cells in laboratory studies.[4] The plant is used as an herbal remedy for inflammation and traumatic injury.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Scutellaria barbata. Flora of China.
  2. ^ Scutellaria barbata. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN).
  3. ^ Carr, C. Can Ancient Herbs Treat Cancer? Time October 15, 2007.
  4. ^ Wong, B. Y., et al. (2009). Chinese medicinal herb Scutellaria barbata modulates apoptosis and cell survival in murine and human prostate cancer cells and tumor development in TRAMP mice. European Journal of Cancer Prevention 18(4), 331-41.