Scythian Neapolis

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This article is about the ancient city in Crimea. For other uses, see Neapoli.
Scythian Neapolis
Σκυθική Νεάπολις (Greek)
Scythian Neapolis Mausoleum.jpg
The supposed tomb of Skilurus
Scythian Neapolis is located in Ukraine
Scythian Neapolis
Shown within Ukraine
Location Simferopol, Crimea
Region Taurica
Coordinates 44°56′34″N 34°07′14″E / 44.94278°N 34.12056°E / 44.94278; 34.12056Coordinates: 44°56′34″N 34°07′14″E / 44.94278°N 34.12056°E / 44.94278; 34.12056
Type Settlement
History
Founded 3rd century BC
Abandoned 3rd century AD
Cultures Greek, Scythian
Site notes
Website Historical and archaeological preserve of Scythian Neapolis

Scythian Neapolis (Greek: Σκυθική Νεάπολις) was a settlement that existed from the end of the 3rd century BC until the second half of the 3rd century AD. The archeological ruins sit on the outskirts of the present-day Simferopol. This city was the center of the Crimean Scythian tribes, led by Skilurus and Palacus (who were probably buried at the local mausoleum). The town ruled over a small kingdom, covering the lands between the lower Dnieper river and Crimea. In the 3rd and 2nd centuries BC, it was a city "with a mixed Scythian-Greek population, strong defensive walls and large public buildings constructed using the orders of Greek architecture".[1] Neapolis was destroyed halfway through the 3rd century AD by the Goths.

References[edit]

  1. ^ North Pontic Archaeology, ed. by Gocha R. Tsetskhladze. Brill Academic Publishers, 2001. ISBN 90-04-12041-6. Page 167.

External links[edit]