Scythris

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Scythris
Scythridae - Scythris heinemanni-2.jpg
Imago of Scythris heinemanni
at Cerreto Ratti (Borghetto di Borbera, Italy)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Division: Ditrysia
Family: Scythrididae (disputed)
Genus: Scythris
Hübner, [1825]
Type species
Tinea chenopodiella
Hübner, [1813]
Species

Numerous, see text

Synonyms

[1]
Butalis Treitschke, 1833
Copida Sodoffsky, 1837
Galanthia Hübner, 1825
Rubioia Agenjo, 1962

Scythris is a genus of gelechioid moths. It is the type genus of the flower moth family, which is sometimes included as a subfamily in the Xyloryctidae, or together with these merged into the Oecophoridae.[2]

It is the largest[verification needed] genus of flower moths, and as such might not be fully monophyletic with regard to some very small or monotypic genera placed in the same family. In addition, new species of Scythris continue to be discovered and described.[3]

Selected species[edit]

Species groups[edit]

The species of Scythris have been divided among several groups, which may or may not be monophyletic; those that are may – provided they are closely enough related to the type species S. limbella – be considered subgenera. Species group include:[4]

Monospecific "groups"[edit]

In addition to the groups above, there is a considerable number of species in this genus whose exact relationships are hitherto elusive. Some have been placed in a "species group" of their own, as they are too distinct from the other groups to be included there, yet at the same time have characteristic autapomorphies. They include:[3]

Species incertae sedis[edit]

Finally, there are some species which are neither clearly assignable to any one species group, nor autapomorphic enough to be included in a monospecific "group". These include:[3]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ AEBR (2008), and see references in Savela (2008)
  2. ^ Pitkin & Jenkins (2004), AEBR (2008), ToL (2008), FE (2009), and see references in Savela (2008)
  3. ^ a b c FE (2009), and see references in Savela (2008)
  4. ^ AEBR (2008), FE (2009), and see references in Savela (2008)

References[edit]