Sd.Kfz. 247

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Sd.Kfz. 247
Type Armored car
Place of origin Nazi Germany
Service history
In service 1937–45
Used by Nazi Germany
Wars World War II
Production history
Designer Krupp (Ausf. A), Daimler-Benz (Ausf. B)
Manufacturer Krupp (Ausf. A), Daimler-Benz (Ausf. B)
Produced 1937 (Ausf. A), 1941–43 (Ausf. B)
Number built 10 (Ausf. A), 58 (Ausf. B)
Variants Ausf. A
Specifications (Sd.Kfz. 247 Ausf. B)
Weight 4.46 tonnes (4.39 long tons; 4.92 short tons)
Length 5 metres (16 ft)
Width 2 metres (6.6 ft)
Height 1.8 metres (5.9 ft)
Crew 6

Armor 6–8 millimetres (0.24–0.31 in)
Engine Horch 8-cylinder, water-cooled 3.8 petrol
81 metric horsepower (80 hp)
Power/weight 18.1 HP/t
Transmission 5 x 1
Suspension coil spring
Ground clearance 23 centimetres (9.1 in)
Fuel capacity 160 litres (42 US gal)
Operational
range
400 km (250 mi) (road)
270 km (170 mi) (cross-country)
Speed 80 kilometres per hour (50 mph)

The Sd.Kfz. 247 was an armored command car used by the German Armed Forces during World War II. Before the war, ten six-wheeled models (Ausf. A) were built; this was followed during the war by 58 four-wheeled models (Ausf. B). The proper name was schwerer geländegängiger gepanzerter Personenkraftwagen ("Heavy All-Terrain Armoured Motor Vehicle").

Description[edit]

The Sd.Kfz. 247 had an open-topped, thinly armored body placed on a wheeled chassis. It was unarmed as its six-man crew was not intended to fight; rather, it was intended for use by the commanders of motorcycle and motorized reconnaissance battalions, although neither version was fitted with any radios.[1] Its armor was intended to stop 7.92-millimetre (0.312 in) armor-piercing bullets at ranges over 30 metres (33 yd). Photographic evidence shows some Ausf. B vehicles were retro-fitted with a star-shaped radio antenna mounted inside the crew compartment, and an additional armor plate bolted to the lower glacis of the hull.[2]

Ausf. A[edit]

Krupp built ten Ausf. A models on the chassis of its L 2 H 143 6 × 4 truck (Krupp Protze) in 1937. Its 4-cylinder air-cooled gasoline flat engine 3.5-litre (210 cu in) Krupp M 305 65 horsepower (66 PS), gave it a top speed of 70 kilometres per hour (43 mph) and a range of 350 kilometres (220 mi).[1] Like all of the other vehicles that used this chassis, the Ausf. A had very limited cross-country mobility, drivers being advised to stay on roads and trails. It weighed 5.2 tonnes (5.1 long tons; 5.7 short tons), was 5.2 metres (17 ft) long, 1.96 metres (6.4 ft) wide and 1.7 metres (5.6 ft) tall.[3]

Ausf. B[edit]

Sd.Kfz.247 Ausf. B .

Daimler-Benz built 58 of these in 1941—42 on a 4 × 4 heavy car chassis (s.Pkw. Typ 1c). The front-mounted engine was an 8-cylinder, 3.823-litre (233.3 cu in) Horch 3.5 petrol engine, giving it a road speed of 80 kilometres per hour (50 mph). It had a maximum range of 400 kilometres (250 mi).[1]

Armour[edit]

Thickness/slope from the vertical Front Side Rear Top/Bottom
Superstructure 8 mm (0.31 in)/38° 8 mm (0.31 in)/35° 8 mm (0.31 in)/30° open
Hull 8 mm (0.31 in)/35° 8 mm (0.31 in)/35° 8 mm (0.31 in)/36° 6 mm (0.24 in)

Specifications[edit]

Specifications differ between sources, but Jentz, as the most recent source, has generally been followed.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Chamberlain and Ellis, p. 205
  2. ^ Jentz, pp. 50-53
  3. ^ Jentz, pp. 49-50

References[edit]

  • Chamberlain, Peter; Doyle, Hilary L. (1978 (1993)). Encyclopedia of German Tanks of World War Two: A Complete Illustrated Directory of German Battle Tanks, Armoured Cars, Self-propelled Guns, and Semi-tracked Vehicles, 1933–1945. Jentz, Thomas L. (Revised ed.). London: Arms and Armour Press. ISBN 1-85409-214-6.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  • Jentz, Thomas L. (2001). Panzerspaehwagen: Armored Cars Sd.Kfz.3 to Sd.Kfz.263. Panzer Tracts. No. 13. Boyds, MD: Panzer Tracts. ISBN 0-9708407-4-8. 

External links[edit]