SdKfz 254

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SdKfz 254
Sdkfz254.jpg
Type Tracked/wheeled armoured scout car
Place of origin Austria
Service history
Used by Austria, Nazi Germany
Production history
Number built 140
Variants artillery observation vehicle
Specifications
Weight 6.4 tonnes[1]
Length 4.56 m[1]
Width 2.02 m, 2.20 m on wheels[1]
Height 1.88 m[1]
Crew 7

Armor 6 - 15 mm [1]
Main
armament
1 x MG34 7.92 mm machine gun[1]
Engine Saurer CRDv 4cyl, diesel[1]
70 PS[1]
Operational
range
500 km on wheels[1]
Speed 60 km/h[1]

The Sdkfz 254 was a fully tracked armoured scout car employed by Wehrmacht during World War II.

From 1936, the vehicle was developed under the designation RR-7 by the Saurer company as an artillery tractor for the Austrian army. Testing was completed and in 1937, an order was placed for the tractors and they were manufactured in 1938. About 12 vehicles were made prior to Anschluss (the annexation of Austria by Nazi Germany in 1938).

Manufacture of the vehicle continued after the Anschluss. Records indicate that a total of 140 units were built with the new designation RK-7 (Räder-Kettenfahrgestell), although they were named as SdKfz 254 by the Wehrmacht. The vehicle featured a wheel-cum-track layout and a diesel motor. The wheels were lowered when it was used on roads and retracted for tracked movement cross-country. A number saw service with the Afrika Korps, serving as artillery observation vehicles after being fitted with a radio and rail antenna.

The freedom tank[edit]

In 1950 the former mechanic Václav Uhlík from Líně in the Czech Republic found the wreck of an RR-7 artillery tractor. He repaired and rebuilt the machine as an armoured carrier. On 25 July 1953 he got through three border zones including wire obstacles, and penetrated thirty kilometres into West German territory. There he applied for asylum and emigrated to the United States, where the machine was exhibited as the "freedom tank" (Czech: tank svobody). Today it is owned by a private collector.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Chamberlain and Doyle 2004, p. 179.
  2. ^ Pejčoch, Ivo. "František Uhlík a Tank svobody" (PDF). Historie a plastikové modelářství (in Czech). Retrieved 2005. 
  • Chamberlain, Peter; Doyle, Hilary (2004). Encyclopedia of German Tanks of World War Two. Technical Editor: Thomas L. Jentz. Wigston, Leicestershire, UK: Silverdale Books. ISBN 1-84509-012-8. 

External links[edit]