Sdot Yam

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Sdote Yame
Sdote Yame is located in Israel
Sdote Yame
Sdote Yame
Coordinates: 32°29′27″N 34°53′34″E / 32.49083°N 34.89278°E / 32.49083; 34.89278Coordinates: 32°29′27″N 34°53′34″E / 32.49083°N 34.89278°E / 32.49083; 34.89278
Region Sharon plain
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 1936 (in the Kerayot)
1940 (current location)
Founded by Scouts
Website www.sdot-yam.org.il

Sdot Yam (Hebrew: שְׂדוֹת יָם, lit. Sea Fields) is a kibbutz in the Haifa District of Israel on the shore of the Mediterranean Sea.

It was founded in 1936 and moved to its present site at the southern border of the ancient city and archeological ruins of Caesarea, in 1940. The kibbutz falls under the jurisdiction of the Hof HaCarmel Regional Council, and had a population of 682 in 2006.

History[edit]

Dahn Ben-Amotz in Sdot Yam, 1946

Sdot Yam was established in 1936, in the region, just south of Haifa, called the Krayot. It was founded at the urging of David Ben-Gurion during the period when the British were refusing to allow Jews to enter Palestine. It was ostensibly based on fishing, but was, in reality, a base for Palyam, for smuggling in then-illegal immigrants. Yossi Harel, famous for the SS Exodus and three other such ships, is buried at Sdot Yam.[citation needed]

In 1940 the kibbutz was moved to its present location to the south of Caesarea.[citation needed] Its new residents were a gar'in from the Mahanot HaOlim youth group.

Economy[edit]

The kibbutz originally based its economy on fishing, but today concentrates on land-based agriculture. It manages a banana plantation, avocado trees, and a herd of dairy cattle. The kibbutz's major source of income is Caesarstone Sdot-Yam Ltd., which engineered quartz surfaces under the Caesarstone brand name.

The kibbutz also makes money from tourism. The Hannah Szenes house is a study center founded in the name of Hungarian-born Hannah Szenes and the paratroopers who left Mandate Palestine for war-torn Europe in 1944 to save Hungarian Jews.

Notable residents[edit]

Internal links[edit]