Sea Bright, New Jersey
|Sea Bright, New Jersey|
|— Borough —|
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||March 21, 1889|
|• Mayor||Dina Long (term ends December 31, 2015)|
|• Administrator / Clerk||Richard M. Kachmar|
|• Total||1.287 sq mi (3.333 km2)|
|• Land||0.730 sq mi (1.890 km2)|
|• Water||0.557 sq mi (1.443 km2) 43.30%|
|Area rank||475th of 566 in state
42nd of 53 in county
|Elevation||0 ft (0 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Rank||517th of 566 in state
46th of 53 in county
|• Density||1,935.5/sq mi (747.3/km2)|
|• Density rank||296th of 566 in state
34th of 53 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0885387|
Sea Bright is a borough in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 1,412, reflecting a decline of 406 (-22.3%) from the 1,818 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 125 (+7.4%) from the 1,693 counted in the 1990 Census.
Sea Bright was formed as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 21, 1889, from portions of Ocean Township, based on the results of a referendum held the previous day. The borough was reincorporated on March 10, 1897.
Settlement in the area of Sea Bright began in the early 1840s, with a fishing community of simple shacks near the beach dunes that was called "Nauvoo". While many local historians had interpreted the name as a Native American word, the origin of "Nauvoo" is Sephardic Hebrew, from the same word that Mormon leader Joseph Smith gave to the Illinois town he founded in 1839. Meaning literally "beautiful of pleasant place," New Jersey's Nauvoo might well have been named by Smith, as he visited Monmouth County in 1840.
One of the earliest accounts of the barrier beach, published a dozen years before Sea Bright's existence, describes a steamboat journey from New York to the Ocean House, a low rambling wooden structure situated on the beach opposite the mouth of the Navesink River. Built in 1842, this first hotel on the sandy strip offered "excellent fishing, fine sea bathing and capital accommodations" for three hundred patrons. Around this time the Sea Bright Skiff was developed in the Northern Jersey Shore. At the Ocean House one "found a number of beach carriages", as they are called, awaiting the arrival of the boat from New York City to take passengers to Long Branch.
Sea Bright is located at United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 1.287 square miles (3.333 km2), of which, 0.730 square miles (1.890 km2) of it is land and 0.557 square miles (1.443 km2) of it (43.30%) is water.(40.358927,-73.974343). According to the
Sea Bright has seven members-only beach clubs of which five are in the North Beach area: Ship Ahoy, Sands, Surfrider, The Sea Bright Beach Club and Chapel Beach Club; and two are south of the center of town: Driftwood and Edgewater, all of which charge thousands of dollars for membership and have waiting lists of several years for prospective members. In addition, there is a large public, municipal beach in the center of town which charges a fee, but includes free parking and is protected by lifeguards, with entry limited to those who have purchased a beach badge. The traditional surfing beach area, called the Anchorage, is free and public, but unguarded. In addition, there are numerous public access stairs to other unguarded beaches for fishing, recreation and suntanning.
1930-1990 2000 2010
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,412 people, 792 households, and 324.7 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,935.5 inhabitants per square mile (747.3 /km2). There were 1,211 housing units at an average density of 1,659.9 per square mile (640.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 94.55% (1,335) White, 0.78% (11) Black or African American, 0.00% (0) Native American, 2.27% (32) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 1.49% (21) from other races, and 0.92% (13) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.52% (78) of the population.
There were 792 households out of which 12.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.1% were married couples living together, 5.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 59.0% were non-families. 48.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.78 and the average family size was 2.54.
In the borough the population was spread out with 11.3% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 38.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46.7 years. For every 100 females there were 106.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.3 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $74,236 (with a margin of error of +/- $8,921) and the median family income was $102,679 (+/- $37,943). Males had a median income of $84,412 (+/- $45,724) versus $72,898 (+/- $10,443) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $82,535 (+/- $20,263). About 3.5% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.3% of those under age 18 and 2.7% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 1,818 people, 1,003 households, and 402 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,846.9 people per square mile (1,096.8/km2). There were 1,202 housing units at an average density of 1,882.3 per square mile (725.1/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 94.39% White, 1.76% African American, 2.26% Asian, 0.88% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.51% of the population.
There were 1,003 households out of which 11.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 29.6% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 59.9% were non-families. 45.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.81 and the average family size was 2.51.
In the borough the population was spread out with 11.2% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 41.5% from 25 to 44, 31.2% from 45 to 64, and 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 109.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 109.5 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $65,563, and the median income for a family was $72,031. Males had a median income of $60,417 versus $41,100 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $45,066. About 5.3% of families and 7.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.0% of those under age 18 and 3.7% of those age 65 or over.
Sea Bright is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The government consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at large. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year.
As of 2012[update], the Mayor of Sea Bright is Democrat Dina Long (2015). Members of the Sea Bright Borough Council are Republican Council President Brian P. Kelly (term ends December 31, 2013), Republican William "Jack" Keeler (2012), Democrat Marc A. Leckstein (2012), Republican Peggy Bills (2013), Republican James LoBiondo III (2014) and Republican C. Read Murphy (2014).
Federal, state and county representation
Sea Bright is located in the 6th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 13th state legislative district. Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Sea Bright had been in the 11th state legislative district.
New Jersey's Sixth Congressional District is represented by Frank Pallone (D, Long Branch). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen). Following the death of Frank Lautenberg on June 3, 2013, Governor Chris Christie named New Jersey Attorney General Jeffrey Chiesa (R, Branchburg) to fill the vacant seat on an interim basis from June 10 until an October special election is held to fill the balance of Lautenberg's term.
The 13th district of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Joseph M. Kyrillos (R, Middletown Township) and in the General Assembly by Amy Handlin (R, Middletown Township) and Declan O'Scanlon (R, Little Silver). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Monmouth County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of five members who are elected at-large to serve three year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects one of its members to serve as Director and another as Deputy Director. As of 2013[update], Monmouth County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Thomas A. Arnone (R, Neptune City; term ends December 31, 2013), Freeholder Deputy Director Serena DiMaso (R, Holmdel Township; 2013) John P. Curley (R, Middletown Township; 2015), Lillian G. Burry (R, Colts Neck Township; 2014), and Gary J. Rich, Sr. (R, Spring Lake; 2014). Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk M. Claire French (Wall Township), Sheriff Shaun Golden (Farmingdale) and Surrogate Rosemarie D. Peters (Middletown Township).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 1,095 registered voters in Sea Bright, of which 248 (22.6%) were registered as Democrats, 305 (27.9%) were registered as Republicans and 541 (49.4%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There was one voter registered to another parties.
In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 53.6% of the vote here (483 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 43.2% (389 votes) and other candidates with 1.7% (15 votes), among the 901 ballots cast by the borough's 1,220 registered voters, for a turnout of 73.9%. In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 55.9% of the vote here (519 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 43.0% (399 votes) and other candidates with 1.2% (16 votes), among the 928 ballots cast by the borough's 1,282 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 72.4.
In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 66.2% of the vote here (406 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 26.8% (164 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 5.5% (34 votes) and other candidates with 1.0% (6 votes), among the 613 ballots cast by the borough's 1,148 registered voters, yielding a 53.4% turnout.
Public school students in Kindergarten through eighth grade are educated as part of the Oceanport School District after the former Sea Bright Board of Education was eliminated by the New Jersey Department of Education in 2009 as a non-operating district. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Wolf Hill Elementary School with 359 students in Kindergarten through 4th grade and Maple Place Middle School with 292 students in grades 5 - 8.
For grades 9 - 12, public school students attend Shore Regional High School, a regional high school that also serves students from the constituent districts of Monmouth Beach, Oceanport and West Long Branch. Additionally, Sea Bright high school students have the opportunity to attend schools within the Monmouth County Vocational School District, including the five "career academies."
The Highlands – Sea Bright Bridge, a 1,240-foot (380 m) drawbridge built in 1932, connects Highlands in the west to Sea Bright in the east, across the Shrewsbury River. The eastern terminus is at the entrance to Sandy Hook. The span is part of Route 36. Between 2008-2011 it was replaced with a fixed span instead of a drawbridge. It rises 65 feet (20 m) instead of the original span's 35 feet (11 m).
Notable current and former residents of Sea Bright include:
- Fred Alexander (1880–1969), top-ranked tennis player in the early 20th century.
- Tal Farlow (1921–1998), jazz guitarist.
- Lindley Miller Garrison (1864-1932), United States Secretary of War from 1913 to 1916 during the Administration of President Woodrow Wilson.
- John J. McCook (1845–1911), Civil War officer, prominent New York attorney and railroad executive.
- Juan Trippe (1899–1981), US airline entrepreneur and founder of Pan Am.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 14, 2013.
- 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 58.
- 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 13, 2013.
- Borough Offices, Borough of Sea Bright. Accessed August 1, 2012.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Sea Bright, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Sea Bright borough, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 1, 2012.
- Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 7. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Sea Bright borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed August 1, 2012.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 6, 2012.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Sea Bright, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed August 1, 2012.
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- A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed August 1, 2012.
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- Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed August 1, 2012.
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 185. Accessed August 1, 2012.
- Kimball, Stanley B. "Discovery: “Nauvoo” Found in Seven States", Ensign (magazine), April 1973. Accessed August 1, 2012. "The name itself is derived from one or both of two Hebrew roots—nawaw and nawvaw (or a varient nawveh), both of which mean something becoming, pleasant, suitable, beautiful, a pasture, a place of rest and beauty.... The earliest non-Mormon use of Nauvoo is in reference to a small fishing village of about 50 men and boys in Monmouth County on the New Jersey shore (now a part of Sea Bright). Although direct evidence is thus far lacking, this Nauvoo was most likely the result of a missionary trip by Joseph Smith and Orson Pratt into Monmouth County from Philadelphia during January 1840."
- Mullen, Shannon. "Wall keeps beach clubs hidden oases", Asbury Park Press, September 13, 2007.Accessed August 1, 2012. "There are eight clubs in all, strung like macaroni on a child's necklace along a mile or so of coastline -- a greater concentration than you'll find in any other town on the Jersey Shore.From north to south there's Ship Ahoy, the Sands, the Surfrider, the Sea Bright Beach Club, Chapel Beach, the Tradewinds, Water's Edge and the Driftwood Cabana Club."
- Public Notice - Beach Information, Borough of Sea Bright. Accessed August 1, 2012.
- Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 27, 2012.
- Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 338. Accessed August 1, 2012.
- Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 717. Accessed August 1, 2012.
- New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed August 1, 2012.
- Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Sea Bright borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 1, 2012.
- DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Sea Bright borough, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 1, 2012.
- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Sea Bright borough, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 1, 2012.
- Borough Government, Borough of Sea Bright. Accessed February 26, 2012.
- Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 64, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
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- 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 64, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
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- Monmouth County Government, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Freeholder Director Thomas A. Arnone, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Freeholder Deputy Director Serena DiMaso, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Freeholder John P. Curley, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Freeholder Lillian G. Burry, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Freeholder Gary J. Rich Sr., Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Board of Chosen Freeholders, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Hopkins, Kathleen. "Arnone chosen to serve as freeholder director", Asbury Park Press, January 7, 2013. Accessed January 9, 2013. "The Board of Freeholders at its annual organization meeting on Thursday selected Freeholder Thomas A. Arnone to serve as its director for 2013.... Curley, 59, of Middletown, who served as freeholder director for 2012, was sworn in for a second, three-year, term on the all-GOP board. DiMaso, 49, of Holmdel, was sworn in to serve the final year of the unexpired term of Robert Clifton, which she successfully ran for in November."
- About the County Clerk, M. Claire French, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Sheriff Shaun Golden, Monmouth County Sheriff's Office. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Monmouth County Surrogate, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Voter Registration Summary - Monmouth, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed December 6, 2012.
- 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Monmouth County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed December 6, 2012.
- 2004 Presidential Election: Monmouth County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed December 6, 2012.
- 2009 Governor: Monmouth County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed December 6, 2012.
- Letter to Sea Bright Borough School District, New Jersey Department of Education, dated June 30, 2009. Accessed August 1, 2012.
- Data for the Oceanport School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 6, 2012.
- Fennell, Ryan. "Education Commissioner Assures Sea Bright On K-8 Funding", The Two River Times, November 30, 1999. Accessed July 31, 2012. "Currently, Sea Bright as well as Oceanport and West Long Branch are part of the Shore Regional School District. The regional school district funding is primarily based on land valuation."
- "Highlands Bridge work under way". Star-Ledger. July 11, 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-28. "The 76-year-old drawbridge carries Route 36 over the Shrewsbury River between Highlands and Sea Bright. Drivers have only two choices when they pull out of Sandy Hook -- they can turn south on Route 36 and drive along the Shore through Sea Bright or head north and cross the bridge."
- "Demolition starts on Highlands-Sea Bright bridge". Asbury Park Press. July 15, 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-28. "About 12:35 p.m. Monday, as planned, J.H. Reid Construction Co. of South Plainfield began demolishing portions of the 75-year-old drawbridge to make way for its replacement — a 65-foot-high, fixed-span bridge."[dead link]
- Fred Alexander, International Tennis Hall of Fame. Accessed august 1, 2012. "Place of Birth: Seabright [sic], New Jersey".
- Watrous, Peter. "Tal Farlow, 77, Jazz Guitarist Rooted in Bop", The New York Times, July 28, 1998. Accessed August 1, 2012. "Tal Farlow, one of jazz's best-known guitarists, died on Saturday at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in Manhattan. He was 77 and lived in Sea Bright, N.J., and Manhattan."
- Staff. "LINDLEY M. GARRISON DIES IN 68TH YEAR; Secretary of War in Wilson Cabinet Succumbs in Home in Seabright, N. J. WAS A TALENTED LAWYER Differed With President on Method of Strengthening Military Defense, and Resigned.", The New York Times, October 20, 1932. Accessed August 10, 2012.
- Staff. "COL. JOHN J. M'COOK OF NEW YORK DEAD; One of the Fighting McCooks and Well Known Lawyer --Declined Cabinet Place", Hartford Courant, September 18, 1911. Accessed August 1, 2012. "Sea Bright, N. J., Sept. 17.--Colonel John James McCook the well known New York lawyer and member of the Ohio family known as 'the Fighting McCooks,' died today at his summer home here."
- Staff. "Juan Trippe, 81, Dies; U.S. Aviation Pioneer", The New York Times, April 4, 1981. Accessed August 1, 2012. "Juan Terry Trippe was born in Sea Bright, N.J., on June 27, 1899, to Charles White and Lucy Adeline Terry Trippe."
- Borough of Sea Bright official website
- Sea Bright Library
- Oceanport School District
- Oceanport School District's 2010–11 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- Oceanport School District, National Center for Education Statistics
- Shore Regional High School
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