Sea Cadet Corps (United Kingdom)
|Sea Cadet Corps|
|Active||1854 - Present|
|Role||Volunteer Youth Organisation|
Officers and CFAVs: 9,000 (2013)
Cadets: 14,000 (2013)
|Motto||Ready Aye Ready|
|Captain||Captain Jonathan Holloway MSc CEng MIMechE Royal Navy|
The Sea Cadet Corps (SCC) is a UK national youth organisation which is sponsored by the MOD senior service the Royal Navy and open to young people between the ages of 10–18 years old. The SCC is the UK's largest Naval Cadet Force with over 30,000 cadets and adult volunteers. Cadets follow similar rates and ranks, traditions, values and ethos as their parent service, the Royal Navy for the Sea cadets and for the Royal Marines Cadets the Royal Marines.
Whilst the SCC is not a pre-service organisation, a significant minority of former Sea Cadets and Royal Marines Cadets do go on to join the Royal Navy, Royal Marines or other sections of the Armed Forces.
- 1 Sea Cadet Promise
- 2 Organisation
- 3 Royal Marines Cadets
- 4 History of the Corps
- 5 Membership
- 6 Training
- 7 Sea Cadet Fleet
- 8 Adults
- 9 Ranks and Rates
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External references
Sea Cadet Promise
"I promise to serve my God, the Queen, my Country and the Sea Cadet Corps and to obey the orders of my superior officers. I will be proud of my uniform, be smart and seamanlike in wearing it, and always do my duty."
Said by the New Entry, in front of the whole ship's company, before being promoted to Cadet. and also special events
At a National level the Sea Cadets Headquarters (MSSCHQ) are based in South London at 202 Lambeth Road, SE1 7JW. This is where all decision on policy or national regulation are made. Sea Cadet Headquarters is home to the Captain of the Sea Cadets (CSC) who is currently Captain Jonathan Holloway RN. He is also the Director of Operations for the Marine Society and Sea Cadets (MSSC). The MSSC assist in the running of the Sea Cadet Corps in a similar way to that of the MOD for the Royal Navy.
MSSCHQ is made up of a variety of different sections, including:
- Training - Now located at Fort Blockhouse, this department deals with National training courses, National competitions, qualifications etc.
- Department of Education and Adult Learning - Works with the College of the Sea and deals with Cadet Vocational Qualifications, BTECs, Institute of Leadership and Management and other recognised qualifications.
- Events Deal with national events such as Trafalgar and Remembrance Celebrations.
- HQSOs - Headquarters Staff Officers—usually based in individual units, but responsible to MSSCHQ for the running of their discipline across the corps.
- Offshore Commander - responsible for the running of the offshore fleet
The country is divided into six areas which are:
- Northern (also including Northern Ireland)
- North West
- South West
Each area has an Area Officer (AO) who is a serving Royal Navy Commander or, occasionally, a Royal Marine Lieutenant Colonel serving on an Full Time Reserve Service contract.
In addition to the AO each area also has:
- A Deputy Area Officer (DAO) - assists the Area Officer
- An Area Logistics Officer (ALO) - in charge of stores and MOD(N) issued equipment and mustering unit's stores once a year
- An Area Training Officer (ATO) - in charge of area level training
- An Area Business Manager - in charge of financials and point of contact for Unit Management Committees
- A Finance and Project Manager - in charge of Area Budgets
- An Area Staff Officer (ASO) for each discipline - responsible for controlling that discipline in the area and reporting to HQSO and AO.
- A Senior Staff Officer (SSO) - the most senior SCC officer in the area, assists the AO, manages Area Office and ASOs.**
**As of 1 August 2009, all SSOs will be ranked Commander(SCC) (RNR)
Each area is subdivided into districts of between five and 12 units. In charge of each district is a District Officer (DO) who is normally a Lieutenant Commander(SCC) RNR or Major(SCC) RMR. Each district also has a Deputy District Officer (DDO) or an Assistant District Officer (ADO), as well as District Training Officers. These positions are staffed by volunteers. Some districts have District Staff Officers (DSO) responsible for overseeing various specialisations at a District level.
Each unit or Training Ship (TS)(e.g. TS Kent - Sheppey) is commanded by a Commanding Officer (CO) or Officer in Charge (OiC), assisted by the 1st Lieutenant, who serves as the Units second in command. Some units also have Royal Marines Cadets Detachments (e.g. TS Dianthus - Woking)
Royal Marines Cadets
Royal Marines Cadets are a sub branch of the Sea Cadet Corps, similar to the structure of the Royal Marines as part of the Royal Navy. Sea Cadet units may open a Royal Marines Cadets Detachment, who will use the same facilities and fall under the command of the units CO. Royal Marines Cadet detachments wear a uniform similar to that of the Royal Marines, and follow a much more land based training program, with emphasis on subjects such as Weapons Handling, Mapwork and Fieldcraft.
The main differences between the Army Cadet Force and Royal Marines Cadets are:
- Uniform: The ACF are primarily only issued with CS95 Uniform, whereas the RMC are issued with a number 1 uniform.
- RMC cadets are also able to take part in normal SCC training, including all boating activities, providing in effect a much larger range of activities.
- Where Army Cadets follow both a proficiency and rank system, in the Royal Marines Cadets rank is tied into proficiency, with cadets having to pass a proficiency examination before promotion.
Cadets or adult staff wear the Royal Marines blue beret, with red tombstone patch behind the cap badge. RMC Staff who have completed either Royal Marines Commando training, or the All Arms Commando Course at CTCRM Lympstone, are entitled to wear the Commando Green Beret, subject to written permission from MSSCHQ.
Some detachments are Male only due to staffing limitations, however many also take female Royal Marines Cadets.
SCC detachments of Royal Marines Cadets are not to be confused with the three Divisions of the Royal Marines Volunteer Cadet Corps. The RMVCC is however part of the wider Royal Marines Cadet family alongside their SCC and CCF counterparts.
The operational head of the RMC is the Staff Royal Marines Officer (SRMO), who is a serving Royal Marines Colour Sergeant on secondment to the SCC. He is responsible for overseeing the running of the RMC and reporting to the CSC. He is one of the main assessors at each Company's CATSEA (Company Annual Training & Safety Efficiency Appraisal). The current SRMO is Colour Sgt Jason Wood RM.
The SRMO is assisted by the Corps Regimental Sergeant Major (CRSM), who is the most senior Warrant Officer within the RMC. The current CRSM is WO1(SCC) Glyn Robinson (RMR) and is also the Royal Marines Cadets Training Officer (RMCTO) at MSSCHQ.
Companies cover the same area as the Sea Cadet "Area", and each is identified by a phonetic letter.
- SCCHQ - Headquarters Company
- Northern - Yankee Company
- North West - Bravo Company
- Eastern - X-Ray Company
- South West - Alpha Company
- Southern - Zulu Company
- London - Lima Company
Each company has a Company Commander, usually a Major(SCC) RMR, who was formerly considered an ASO for Marine Cadets. In addition, Coys may include:
- Company 2i/c - Second in Command - Organisation of the Coy and Officer Development
- Company Sergeant Major (CSM)
- Company Drill Leader
- Company Medic
- Company Quartermaster (CQMS) - organises Company stores.
Since not every unit has a Royal Marines Cadet Detachment, using Sea Cadet Districts would result in Troops with one detachment or none. As such, Troop borders, are independent and cross District boundaries. There are several Troops in a Company, and are numbered 1 Troop, 2 Troop etc. Each troop has a Troop Commander and Troop Sergeant. The Troop Commander and Troop Sergeant organise Troop level training and are primarily responsible for the standard of the Detachments in their designated area.
Part of a Sea Cadet Unit. Commanded by a Detachment Commander (formerly OCMCD - Officer Commanding Marines Cadets Detachment).
History of the Corps
The Sea Cadet Corps has one of the longest continuous histories of any youth organisation in the country. The Corps dates back to the Crimean War (1854–1856) when sailors returning home from the campaign formed Naval Lads' Brigades to help orphans in the back streets of sea ports.
1899 Queen Victoria gave the Windsor unit £10 to purchase uniforms (officially the birthday of the Corps)
The SCC in the UK can be traced back to the Kent port of Whitstable where the first of the Naval Lads' Brigades was established. The success of the brigades in helping disadvantaged youth led to the formation of the Navy League, a national organisation with a membership of 250,000 dedicated to supporting the Royal Navy, which subsequently adopted the Brigades in 1910.
- The Navy League applied to the Admiralty for recognition of its 34 Boys' Naval Brigades. This was granted in 1919 subject to an annual efficiency inspection by an officer on the staff of the Admiral Commanding Reserves, and the title Navy League Sea Cadet Corps was adopted.
- Lord Nuffield gave £50,000 to fund the relaunch and expansion of the Sea Cadet Corps.
- At the start of World War II here were almost 100 Sea Cadet Units in the UK with more than 10,000 Cadets
- In June the Navy League purchased an old sailing vessel and renamed her TS Bounty. She was fitted out to accommodate 40 Cadets. In July weekly courses started for Cadets from all Units. These ended in September and the ship closed down.
- The shortage of visual and wireless ratings in the Royal Navy led to special three-week training courses being run on board TS Bounty for Sea Cadets, to qualify them more quickly for entry into the RN. This made good use of the training and skills they had already gained in the Cadets and meant a considerable saving in training time for the Admiralty.
- The 1941 scheme had caught the Admiralty’s imagination. As a result, the Admiral Commanding Reserves took over the training role, HM King George VI became Admiral of the Corps, Officers were granted appointments in the RNVR and the Corps was renamed the Sea Cadet Corps. A huge expansion to 400 Units and 50,000 Cadets coincided in many towns with Warship Weeks, so the newly formed Unit took the same name as the adopted warship. The Admiralty now paid for uniforms, equipment, travel and training, while the Navy League funded sport and Unit headquarters.
- In the same year, the Girls' Nautical Training Corps was formed as part of the National Association of Training Corps for Girls, with Units mainly in southern England.
- The Sea Cadet Council was set up to govern the Corps, with membership from the Navy League and the Royal Navy, and a retired Captain took on the task of supervision, first as Secretary to the Council and later as Captain, Sea Cadet Corps.
- HM The Queen became the SCC patron with HRH the Duke of Edinburgh as the Admiral of the Corps
- The Commandant General, Royal Marines asked permission to form a Marine Cadet Section that could be fitted into the existing organisation and the Council agreed to this.
December 1954- the first MC detachment was opened in Bristol Adventure unit. By 1964 the Section had expanded from the original five Detachments to 40. Today there are 98. 1963
- The Girls' Nautical Training Corps became affiliated to the Sea Cadet Corps, in many cases sharing the same premises with local Units.
- Juniors were introduced to the Sea Cadets
- The Navy League was renamed the Sea Cadet Association since support of the Sea Cadets and Girls’ Nautical Training Corps had become its sole aims.
- The admission of girls into the Sea Cadet Corps was approved and the Girls’ Nautical Training Corps ceased to exist as a separate body, but until 1992 was called the Girls’ Nautical Training Contingent.
1999 Centenary parade in Windsor attended by HM The Queen 2004
- In November the Sea Cadet Association merged with the world's oldest seafarers' charity The Marine Society to form a new charity The Marine Society & Sea Cadets.
The joining age for Sea Cadets is between 10–18 years old of all backgrounds. The SCC is an equal opportunities organisation, and take young people from all walks of life. The cadets can be split into three distinct sections.
Sea Cadets are by far the biggest section. Their training is based around the traditions of the Royal Navy, and in the summer they spend a large amount of time on the water. The Sea Cadets is open to anyone aged 12–18.
Junior Cadet Section
Most Sea Cadet units also have a Junior Cadet section for the 10-12 year olds. Junior Cadets have their own training programme and uniform. It is based around a more practical and fun version of the Sea Cadet training programme, but designed for a younger audience. When Junior Sea Cadets turn 12, they may become Sea Cadets either permanently or for 9 months until they reach the age necessary for the Marine Cadets.
These people are the heart of the operations of a Sea Cadet unit. To be an adult volunteer you must be over 18. Adult volunteers help with the staff for the night to night operations; unit management team - which control the funds and maintenance of a unit and the Parents and Supporters - These people are normally parents of the cadets which, help with the fundraising without cadet contact.
Becoming a volunteer is a great way to gain qualifications.
One of the biggest strengths of the SCC is the breadth of activities it offers both onshore and offshore. Some training is compulsory, but most of it is optional. Cadets are encouraged to take part in as much as possible and to try new things.
Core training is the bread and butter of Sea Cadet training, and is directly linked to promotion/advancement.
For Sea Cadets it is called Part 1 training and involves key skills, and vital knowledge about Corps life, traditions of the Royal Navy, water safety, leadership, care of uniform, health and safety, as well as elements of first aid, seamanship, and swimming.
This is mirrored in the Marine Cadets' Phase Training, but also for Marines, fieldcraft, campcraft, map-reading, battle drills and weapons handling are included in Core training.
Specialisation and Proficiency Training
All the following are on offer to cadets, either at the unit or on District/Area/National Courses.
|Marine Engineering||Drill/Ceremonial||Dinghy Sailing|
|Communication & Information Systems (April 2012)||Meteorology||Rowing|
|Catering and Stewarding(October 2013)||Adventurous Training||Power Boating|
|Marine Engineering||Target Shooting||Windsurfing|
|First Aid||Diving||Offshore Sailing/Power Boating|
|Seamanship||Piping (Boatswains Call)||Canoeing|
Cadets can also work towards recognised qualifications including, Duke of Edinburgh's Award, BTEC National Diplomas. These are available in Public Service, BTEC First Diploma in Music and BTEC First Diploma in Engineering (SCC Only).
Many qualifications are run by the Sea Cadets but regulated by external bodies. In these cases, cadets earn independent qualifications that they can take with them outside the Corps. These include Paddlesport, where they can gain PaddlePower or Star Awards through the British Canoe Union (BCU), First Aid, where they can earn St John's Ambulance First Aid awards or Powerboating/Sailing/Windsurfing where they can gain Royal Yachting Association (RYA) qualifications.
National courses are also held, often on Royal Navy bases and at minimal cost, to teach skills such as leadership and teamwork. Specialist qualification courses include power boating in Scotland, cooking in Preston and fire fighting in Cornwall.
There are competitions at vaying levels in many of the sports, proficiencies and specializations of the SCC. Competitions start at a District level and progress through to National level.
Sea Cadet Fleet
The Sea Cadets have three classes of offshore vessels, all of which are capable of coastal/offshore passage making. sea cadet voyages normally last for 1 week, cadets gain RYA qualifications for their voyage. Individual sea cadet units also have various boats, canoes, kayaks and windsurfs.
- TS Royalist is a 24m brig that is the only tall ship owned by the SCC- it is also the sea cadet flagship. it provides week training courses for sea cadets. The ship is over 40 years old and in 2013 there was an appeal to replace the ageing flagship, £250,00 is needed to replace Royalist and this target was achieved in April 2013 
TS Vigilant and TS City Liveryman
- TS Vigilant and TS City Liveryman are the SCCs 2 offshore sailing vessels. They are both 11m Bermudan cutters and each hold 5 cadets and one qualified adult. The vessels provide RYA training for those wishing to gain recognised qualifications and experience yacht sailing.
TS John Jerwood and TS Jack Petchey
- These 2 vessels are the cadets' offshore power training-ship. they are 24m long and each cost about £2.6m. TS Jack Petchey is so named because the Jack Petchey foundation dontated £1m in order for it to be built. The Jerwood Foundation donated £1,216,700 for the construction of TS John Jerwood. The training ships can hold between 12-16 cadets, 4 permanent staff and 2 CFAVs and provides an experience at sea focussing on deck work, navigation, bridge watchkeeping, cook/steward and marine engineering. Each vessel is fitted with twin Perkins Sabre Type M215C Turbo Diesel main engines, each giving 200 Shaft Horse Power at 2500 rpm.
Trinity 500 rowing boats
- The Trinity 500 is a stable fixed seat rowing boat, purpose built for the Sea Cadets to deliver the full SCC Rowing Scheme. The boat has also been approved by British Rowing, to allow for the delivery of their Explore Rowing Scheme. The boat was designed by Jo Richards, Olympic medallist and designer of a wide range of craft, in response to the requirement of the Sea Cadets for a modern, low maintenance, purpose-designed fixed seat rowing boat with good performance under oars and with the capacity to mount a small outboard motor. The Trinity 500 is named to mark the quincentenary of the incorporation of Trinity House, the statutory authority for aids to navigation in England, Wales, The Channel Islands and Gibraltar. The Trinity House Maritime Charity, a separately funded arm of the Corporation of Trinity House generously funded the design and development costs of the boat.
|Max Crew Limit||10|
|Construction Type||Rotational Moulding (rota moulded)|
|Builder/distributor||SC Canoe/ MSSC|
The TS Royalist during the Trafalgar 200 international fleet review
Sea cadets in Trinity Rowing boats at the Thames Diamond Jubilee Pageant
Staff are recruited from the age of 18 (though there is no upper age limit, those adults extending beyond 65 require special insurance arrangements). All adult staff members are subject to security and Criminal Records (CRB) checks. All substantive SCC staff are recognised by the MOD as being Cadet Forces Adult Volunteers (CFAVs). They can be either uniformed or non-uniformed. Officers, Senior Rates form the uniformed adult staff with Civilian Instructors and Unit Helpers being non-uniformed.
Ranks and Rates
Junior Sea Cadets
- Junior Cadet
- Junior Cadet First Class
- Leading Junior Cadet
From New Entry through to Able Cadet, Sea Cadets are promoted based on their completion of their rate specific taskbooks. Leading Cadets and Petty Officer Cadets are required to attend and pass a promotion board (held at Area level or National) before being promoted. Note: Cadets at the rank of Marine Cadet 1st Class may be appointed as a Cadet Lance Corporal. Unlike Marine Cadet 1st Class, Cadet Lance Corporal is considered a Junior Non-Commissioned Officer rank, and as such is given more leadership responsibility. MC1s are appointed to the rank of Lance Corporal at the discretion of their Commanding Officer, under advisement from the Detachment Commander.
Adult Senior Rates / Warrant Officers
|Sea Cadets||Marine Cadets||St John Ambulance Cadets||Army Cadets||Air Training Corps|
|Cadet 1st Class (Cdt1)||Marine Cadet 2nd Class (MC2)||Cadet Sergeant||Cadet Corporal||Cadet Corporal (Cdt Cpl)|
|Cadet (Cdt)||Marine Cadet (MC)||Cadet Corporal||Cadet Lance Corporal||Cadet (Cdt)|
|Ordinary Cadet (OC)||Marine Cadet 1st Class (MC1)||Cadet Sergeant||Cadet Sergeant (Cdt Sgt)|
|Able Cadet (AC)||Lance Corporal (LCpl)||Leading Cadet||Cadet Staff Sergeant||Cadet Flight Sergeant (Cdt FS)|
|Leading Cadet (LC)||Corporal (Cpl)||Cadet Company Sergeant Major||Cadet Warrant Officer (CWO)|
|Petty Officer Cadet (POC)||Sergeant (Sgt)|
|SCC Senior Rates||RMCD Senior NCOs|
|Civilian Instructor (SCC)||Civilian Instructor (SCC)|
|Probationary/Acting Petty Officer (SCC)||Probationary/Acting Sergeant (SCC)|
|Petty Officer (SCC)||Sergeant (SCC)|
|Chief Petty Officer (SCC)||Colour Sergeant (SCC)|
|Warrant Officer Class 2(SCC) RNR||Warrant Officer Class 2(SCC) RMR|
|Warrant Officer Class 1(SCC) RNR*||Warrant Officer Class 1(SCC) RMR|
* one per area
If you where previously a Petty Officer Cadet and sometimes a Leading Cadet you can be a Probationary Petty Officer or Sergeant. If you join as a Civilian Instructor and want to be a uniformed member of staff you would become an Acting Petty Officer or Sergeant since 2009.
|Sea Cadet Officers||Marine Cadet Officers|
|Midshipman (SCC) RNR||Second Lieutenant (SCC) RMR|
|Sub Lieutenant (SCC) RNR||Lieutenant (SCC) RMR|
|Lieutenant (SCC) RNR||Captain (SCC) RMR|
|Lieutenant Commander (SCC) RNR||Major (SCC) RMR|
|Commander (SCC) RNR - as of August 2009||Lieutenant Colonel (SCC) RMR - as of August 2009|
- Royal Marines Volunteer Cadet Corps
- Cadet Vocational Qualification Organisation (CVQO)
- Navy League in Australia and the Sea Cadets - Early History
- "Sea Cadet Corps home page". sea-cadets.org. Retrieved 2013-06-09.
- "Royal Marines Cadets home page". sea-cadets.org. Retrieved 2013-06-09.
- International Sea Cadet Association
- Marine Society College of the Sea
- Royal Marines Volunteer Cadet Corps
- Sea Cadet Corps
- X-Ray Company Royal Marines Cadets
Links to SCC Area websites