Sea buckthorn oil

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This article is about the oil produced from the pulp or seeds. For the shrub, see Sea-buckthorn.
The fruit of the sea-buckthorn

Sea-buckthorn identifies a group of species in the genus Hippophae, the most commonly used of which is Hippophae rhamnoides. Oil can be extracted from either the seeds or the pulp of the fruit.

Chemical constituents[edit]

Oils from sea-buckthorn seeds and pulp differ considerably in fatty acid composition. While linoleic acid and α-Linolenic acid are the major fatty acids in seed oil, sea buckthorn pulp oil contains approximately 65% combined of the monounsaturated fatty acid, palmitoleic acid, and the saturated fatty acid, palmitic acid.[1] Few other vegetable oils contain a similar quantity of these fatty acids. Both the seed and pulp oils are rich in tocopherols, tocotrienols and plant sterols.[2] In addition, the pulp oil contains especially high levels of carotenoids.[3][4]

Uses[edit]

Due to its unique botanical and nutritional properties, and there being no reported evidence of sea-buckthorn oil causing adverse reactions or negative side effects, the oil is also used as a natural agent that may benefit diseases of mucous membranes[5] including aphthous ulcers, esophagitis, acid reflux, and peptic ulcers, as well as dermatological diseases and skin conditions.[6][dubious ] However, more evidence is required to support these claims.[7]

In Mongolia, Russia, and China, pulp oil may also be used topically to treat skin burns from radiation.[8] Sea buckthorn oil has also been marketed by cosmetic and health companies in anti-aging preparations [9] and oral care products.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Yang B, Kallio HP (April 2001). "Fatty acid composition of lipids in sea buckthorn (Hippophaë rhamnoides L.) berries of different origins". J. Agric. Food Chem. 49 (4): 1939–47. doi:10.1021/jf001059s. PMID 11308350. 
  2. ^ Kallio H, Yang B, Peippo P, Tahvonen R, Pan R (May 2002). "Triacylglycerols, glycerophospholipids, tocopherols, and tocotrienols in berries and seeds of two subspecies (ssp. sinensis and mongolica) of Sea Buckthorn (Hippophaë rhamnoides)". J. Agric. Food Chem. 50 (10): 3004–9. doi:10.1021/jf011556o. PMID 11982433. 
  3. ^ Beveridge T, Li TS, Oomah BD, Smith A (September 1999). "Sea buckthorn products: manufacture and composition". J. Agric. Food Chem. 47 (9): 3480–8. doi:10.1021/jf981331m. PMID 10552673. 
  4. ^ Dharmananda S. Sea buckthorn, Institute of Traditional Medicine Online, 2004.
  5. ^ Xu Mingyu, Sun Xiaoxuan, Cui Jinhua Yang. "The medicinal research and development of seabuckthorn". Xiyuan Hospital of the Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine of China. 
  6. ^ Thompson, Caroline (27 July 2010). "The Side Effects of Sea Buckthorn Oil". LiveStrong. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  7. ^ "Sea Buckthorn". WebMD. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  8. ^ Wang ZY, Luo XL, He CP (January 2006). "Management of burn wounds with Hippophae rhamnoides oil". Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao (in Chinese) 26 (1): 124–5. PMID 16495193. 
  9. ^ "Anti-aging sea buckthorn day cream with antioxidants and berry seed oil". Ecouna AB. Retrieved 3 September 2014. 
  10. ^ "Natural Oral Care: Sea Buckthorn Oil for Healthy Teeth". OilyOily. Retrieved 3 November 2013.