|City of Seabrook|
|Motto: "As Grand By Land as By Bay, and Why Many Choose to Stay."|
|• Type||home rule|
|• Mayor||Glenn Royal|
|• City Manager||Kelly Templin|
|• Total||21.5 sq mi (55.1 km2)|
|• Land||5.7 sq mi (13.8 km2)|
|• Water||15.8 sq mi (41.3 km2)|
|Elevation||14 ft (4.3 m)|
|• Density||560/sq mi (220/km2)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1346840|
|Website||The City of Seabrook, Texas|
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Arts and culture
- 5 Parks and recreation
- 6 Education
- 7 Infrastructure
- 8 Damage from Hurricane Ike
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Seabrook is known for its fish markets on Waterfront Drive where resident shrimpers and fishermen bring in their catches daily. Besides bordering the bay, the city encompasses marshes though which runoff from inland fields drain to the bay.
The piece of land was purchased by Seabrook W. Sydnor in 1895. In March 1903, the Seabrook Company of Houston created a layout of the proposed Seabrook Town site. The new town attracted fishermen, merchants and even a few residents. The historic downtown that was built then still stands today, with many locals running their businesses. Most are antique shops of bed and breakfast places.
The Galveston Hurricane of 1900 demolished the local school, but by 1905 it was restored and was run by three teachers who taught 100 students. The local schools became part of the Clear Creek Independent School District in 1947.
The population of Seabrook rose from 200 to 560 before the Great Depression, but fell to 200 in 1936, and remained at 400 from 1940 until 1947, when the Albert and Ernest Fay shipyard opened. It could handle 150 boats, and opened up jobs and is the main cause of the population increase. Despite damage from Hurricane Carla, a bridge linking Seabrook and Kemah was completed in 1961. With the opening of the bridge and the Johnson Space Center (JSC) in Houston, Seabrook's population rose to approximately 6,000. In 1986, the decision was finally made to start the construction of a fixed-span bridge that was tall enough for sailboats to pass under. After this bridge was finished, Highway 146 was linked all the way from Galveston to Texas State Highway 225. This spurred a further increase in the population of Seabrook to its present level of nearly 12,000 people. Seabrook's residents are quite diversified and are employed in a large variety of professional positions. Quite a few residents have ties to the chemical and oil industry as well as the NASA space program.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 21.3 square miles (55.1 km2), of which 5.3 square miles (13.8 km2) is land and 15.9 square miles (41.3 km2), or 74.97%, is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 9,443 people, 4,094 households, and 2,386 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,647.5 people per square mile (636.3/km²). There were 4,536 housing units at an average density of 791.4 per square mile (305.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 88.92% White, 2.11% African American, 0.51% Native American, 3.31% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.76% from other races, and 2.36% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.77% of the population.
There were 4,094 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.8% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.7% were non-families. 34.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 38.4% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 5.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 106.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $54,175, and the median income for a family was $66,815. Males had a median income of $50,322 versus $32,161 for females. The per capita income for the city was $29,534. About 2.8% of families and 5.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.1% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over.
The goal of the Pelican Path Project has been to improve Seabrook’s identity as a community and one of the largest migratory paths in North America, and a bird sanctuary to both the brown and white pelicans. The project also displays connectedness of the city by its many bed and breakfasts, close family values, available water attractions and its unique downtown of small businesses. Seabrook is in the center of the third largest boating community in the country, and with that comes many opportunities. Most businesses in Seabrook have purchased a pelican from Pelican Project and have customized it to represent their type of business, as well as the city of Seabrook. This project has not only attracted tourism to Seabrook, but united the businesses of the city. Incredible artists from all over the state of Texas who have participated in this project have attracted future plans for more cultural art projects in Seabrook.
Arts and culture
Lucky Trails marathon
Texas Concours d'Elegance "Keels & Wheels"
Seabrook is also host to the Texas Concours d'Elegance "Keels & Wheels" classic car and boat show held each year the first weekend in May at Lakewood Yacht Club.
Seabrook Festival of the Arts
The Seabrook Festival of the Arts is held annually on the grounds of Seabrook City Hall and Community House at 1st St. where Fine artists exhibit, demonstrate their art which includes Paintings, sculpture, textiles, jewelry, wood works, photography and musical performances by Texas musicians. The festival is sponsored by the City of Seabrook in cooperation with the Art Consortium of the Texas Gulf Coast.
Parks and recreation
Seabrook trail system
The city features an extensive trail system built from crushed granite, which connects most of the city's parks, including Robinson and Pine Gully Parks. The trail system traverses habitats for a wide variety of wildlife.
In addition to the city being designated as a bird sanctuary, the city includes four sites on the Great Texas Coastal Birding Trail. The only other site in the Clear Lake area on this Texas trail is the Armand Bayou Nature Center.
Primary and secondary schools
Most Seabrook residents are zoned to Bay Elementary School (Seabrook) which was originally known as Seabrook Elementary back in 1930 but was changed in 1969 to Bay Elementary after the principal who had served for many years. Some are zoned to Ed White Elementary School (El Lago) which was built in 1965 and was named after Edward White II, the famous astronaut who died in the fire working on the Apollo mission.
All Seabrook residents are zoned to Seabrook Intermediate School (Seabrook). Seabrook Intermediate also houses the Science Magnet Program, which offers an enriched Science curriculum with many outside science activities. This program is an application-process program and the students accepted are gifted in the field of science. Seabrook Intermediate also houses the Living Materials Center, which is the home for over 60 species of animals. The Living Materials Center is available to all students in the school and throughout the district.
As of the fall of 2010, all Seabrook residents are zoned to Clear Falls High School in League City. However, the classes of 2011 and 2012 will continue to attend Clear Lake High School. Clear Falls is part of an integrated Education Village, a single campus housing schools from K–12. Their mascot, announced in January 2010, is the Knights, with the school colors of Green, Blue and Black.
The Harris County Public Library Evelyn Meador Branch serves the community. The Evelyn Meador Branch Library opened on June 26, 1988. The original planning of the library started in 1985 when five Seabrook residents met Harris County Commissioner Jim Fonteno. The library suffered enough damage from Hurricane Ike that it was completely rebuilt. The new, larger, library reopened on June 28, 2011.
Damage from Hurricane Ike
The city of Seabrook was under mandatory evacuation for Hurricane Ike on the morning of September 13, 2008. Hurricane Ike was the 3rd most destructive hurricane to hit the United States. In Seabrook, the storm surge not only knocked out the streets as a means of transportation, but also knocked the power out for the entire city, along with many others. Because Seabrook is surrounded by water, the aftermath of debris and boats on the roads was phenomenal from all of the boat docks close to shore. Seabrook residents were left without power and running water for up to a month after Hurricane Ike made landfall.
A month after the hurricane, Seabrook was still dealing with people not being able the live in the conditions, even after the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) came.
The students zoned to schools in the Clear Creek Independent School District (which are all the residents in Seabrook) missed almost three weeks of school due the evacuation and the damage to buildings and roads in the Seabrook and surrounding areas.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Seabrook city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved January 9, 2012.
- Antrobus, Sally. Galveston Bay. Texas A&M University Press. 2005. 138-139.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Seabrook city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved January 9, 2012.
- Antrobus, Sally (2005). Galveston Bay. Texas A&M University Press. p. 137. ISBN 1-58544-461-8.
- District 1 Map. Clear Creek Independent School District. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- "School Board Members: Bios and Contact Information." Clear Creek Independent School District. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- "Evelyn Meador Branch Library". Harris County Public Library. Archived from the original on May 9, 2008. Retrieved December 6, 2008.
- "Three years after Ike, new Evelyn Meador Library opens June 28". yourhoustonnews.com. Retrieved 22 March 2012.
- "Routes / Maps." Harris County Transit. Retrieved on January 15, 2010.
- "Clear Lake/La Porte/Seabrook 5." Harris County Transit. Retrieved on January 15, 2010.
- "Post Office Location - SEABROOK." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- City of Seabrook official website
- Seabrook Tourism
- Seabrook, Texas from the Handbook of Texas Online
- South Seabrook Marine District Waterfront Redevelopment Study