Seal of New York City
The seal of the city of New York, adopted in an earlier form in 1686, bears the legend SIGILLUM CIVITATIS NOVI EBORACI which means simply "The Seal of the City of New York": Eboracum was the Roman name for York, the titular seat of James II as Duke of York.
The two supporters represent the unity between Native Americans and colonists: dexter, a sailor colonist holds a plummet--a navigational tool--in his right hand, while over his right shoulder is a cross-staff; sinister, a Lenape native to Manhattan rests his left hand upon a bow.
Upon the arms / shield, the four windmill sails recall the city's Dutch history as New Amsterdam and the beavers and flour barrels signify the city's earliest trade goods (see History of New York City). The flour barrels and windmills represent the tremendous wealth generated by New York City from the Bolting Act of 1674. The Act gave the city an exclusive monopoly to mill and export flour. The shield and supporters rest upon a horizontal laurel branch.
The crest over the seal is the Bald Eagle, added in 1784, after the American Revolution. Prior to this change, a crown had been located in this space, representing the authority of the monarchy during the British colonial period. The eagle rests upon a hemisphere. At the bottom is the date, 1625, when Fort Amsterdam was designated the capital of the province of New Amsterdam, the colonial Dutch settlement which would later become the City of New York. The first Dutch settlers actually arrived in the region in 1624, and the town of New Amsterdam was incorporated in 1653.
A laurel wreath encircles the seal.
The city clerk is the custodian of the City Seal.
- Note that "dexter" is Latin for "right" and is a term used in heraldry to denote the rightmost character (from the viewpoint of the bearer of the arms, and therefore the leftmost from the point of view of the viewer). It is not intended to represent the name of the character.
- Note that "sinister" is Latin for "left" and is a term used in heraldry to denote the leftmost character (again, from the viewpoint of the bearer of the arms, and therefore the rightmost from the point of view of the viewer) . It is not intended to represent the name of the character.
- "New York's 250th Anniversary". The New York Times Magazine. June 20, 1915. p. SM12. Retrieved 2010-08-23.
- Roberts, Sam (July 14, 2008). "New York's Birth Date: Don't Go by City's Seal". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-08-23.
- City Seal and Flag, Department of Citywide Administrative Services, New York City