Sealpox is a cutaneous condition caused by parapoxvirus, usually affecting seal handlers who have been bitten by infected harbor or grey seals.:394 First identified in 1969, it wasn't unequivocally proven to be transmissible to humans until 2005, though such transmission had been reported at least as early as 1987. It “causes lesions very similar to orf.” As many as 2% of seals in marine mammal rehabilitation facilities in North America may have it.
^ ab "Human sealpox resulting from a seal bite: confirmation that sealpox virus is zoonotic."
^Hastings, Barkley E.; Lowenstine, Linda J.; Gage, Laurie J.; Munn, Robert J. (September 1989). "An Epizootic of Seal Pox in Pinnipeds at a Rehabilitation Center". Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine. jstor.org; American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. pp. 282, 290. Retrieved 4 March 2014. "Abstract: An epizootic of cutaneous nodules occurred in three species of pinnipeds at the California Marine Mammal Center during the summer of 1986."