Seán Heuston

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Seán Heuston
Sean-Heuston.jpg
Born (1891-02-21)21 February 1891
Dublin, Ireland
Died 8 May 1916(1916-05-08) (aged 25)
Kilmainham Gaol, Dublin, Ireland
Allegiance Irish Volunteers
Fianna Eireann
Years of service 1913–1916
Rank Captain[1] (Commandant)[2]
Battles/wars Easter Rising

Seán Heuston, (Irish: Seán Mac Aodha[2] 21 February 1891 – 8 May 1916), born Jack Heuston, and sometimes referred to as J. J. Heuston, was an Irish rebel and member of Fianna Éireann who took part in the Easter Rising of 1916. With about 20 Volunteers, he held the Mendicity Institution on the River Liffey for over two days, though it was originally only intended to be held for 3–4 hours.[2] He was executed by firing squad on 8 May in Kilmainham Gaol.

Early life[edit]

Heuston was born in Dublin on 21 February 1891 and educated by the Christian Brothers. He worked as a railway clerk in Limerick and while there took an active part in Fianna Éireann, of which he was an officer. Seán Heuston arranged for members who could not afford to buy their uniforms to do so by paying small weekly sums.[3] Under his guidance the Fianna in Limerick had a course which encompass not only drilling, which was made up of signalling, scout training and weapons training but also lectures on Irish history and Gaelic classes.[3]

Irish Volunteers[edit]

In 1913 Heuston was transferred to Dublin Fianna, and was appointed to the Emmet Sluagh. He went on to join the ranks of the Irish Volunteers and played a prominent part in the Easter Rising.[3]

Easter Rising[edit]

Heuston was the Officer commanding of the Volunteers in the Mendicity Institution (now called Heuston's Fort[3]) on the south side of Dublin city. Acting under Orders from James Connolly, Heuston was to hold this position for three or four hours, to delay the advance of British troops. This delay was necessary to give the headquarters staff time to prepare their defences. Having successfully held the position for the specified period, he was to go on to hold it for over two days, with twenty-six Volunteers. With his position becoming untenable against considerable numbers, and the building almost completely surrounded, he sent a dispatch to Connolly informing him of their position. The dispatch was carried by two Volunteers, P. J. Stephenson and Seán McLaughlin, who had to avoid both sniper fire and British troops across the city. It was soon after sending this dispatch that Heuston decided to surrender.[4]

The Surrender[edit]

Sean Heuston Phoenix Park

Séamus Brennan, a member of the Mendicity Institution Garrison under Heuston, gave the following account of the decision to surrender:

Prisoners[edit]

According to the statement given by Séamus Brennan to Piaras F. Mac Lochlainn, author of Last Words, the British troops were "infuriated when they saw the pygmy force that had given them such a stiff battle and caused them so many casualties".[2][5]

Séamus Brennan never saw Seán Heuston again after being transferred to Arbour Hill Detention Barracks.

Court Martial[edit]

Heuston had been transferred to Richmond Barracks, and on 4 May 1916, he was tried by Court Martial. On the Sunday, 7 May 1916, the verdict of the Court Martial was communicated to him that he had been sentenced to death and was to be shot at dawn the following morning.

Execution[edit]

Heuston Train Station named in his honour in Dublin, where he once worked in the Traffic Manager's Office. (As is the nearby Seán Heuston Bridge).

Prior to his execution he was attended by Father Albert, O.F.M. Cap in his final hours. Father Albert wrote an account of those hours up to and including the execution:[2][5]

Father Albert concluded:


References[edit]

  1. ^ Peter McNally, Easter Rising 1916
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Piaras F. Mac Lochlainn, Last words : letters and statements of the leaders executed after the rising at Easter 1916, Dublin: Stationery Office, ISBN 0-7076-0101-0
  3. ^ a b c d e The Last Post: Details & Stories of Irish Republican Dead 1916–1985
  4. ^ Desmond Ryan, The Rising, Golden Eagle Books, Dublin, 1966
  5. ^ a b c Memories of Easter Week, sequel to Rebirth of a Nation, written and spoken Fr Leonard Coughlin O.F.M Cap.