Sean Penn

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Sean Penn
Sean Penn by Sachyn Mital.jpg
Penn at the premiere of The Secret Life of Walter Mitty, 2013 New York Film Festival
Ambassador-at-large for Haiti
Incumbent
Assumed office
January 31, 2012
President Michel Martelly
Personal details
Born Sean Justin Penn
(1960-08-17) August 17, 1960 (age 53)
Los Angeles County, California, United States
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s)
Relations Chris Penn (brother)
Michael Penn (brother)
Children 2
Parents Leo Penn
Eileen Ryan
Occupation Actor, screenwriter, director, activist, politician

Sean Justin Penn (born August 17, 1960)[1] is an American actor, screenwriter, film director, activist, and politician. He is known for his left-wing political and social activism, including humanitarian work. He is a two-time Academy Award winner for his roles in Mystic River (2003) and Milk (2008), as well as the recipient of a Golden Globe Award for the former and a Screen Actors Guild Award for the latter.

Penn began his acting career in television with a brief appearance in a 1974 episode of Little House on the Prairie, directed by his father Leo Penn. Following his film debut in 1981's Taps and a diverse range of film roles in the 1980s, Penn emerged as a prominent leading actor with the 1995 drama film Dead Man Walking, for which he earned his first Academy Award nomination and the Best Actor Award at the Berlin Film Festival. Penn received another two Oscar nominations for Sweet and Lowdown (1999) and I Am Sam (2001), before winning his first Academy Award for Best Actor in 2003 for Mystic River and a second one in 2008 for Milk. He has also won a Best Actor Award of the Cannes Film Festival for She's So Lovely (1997), and two Best Actor Awards at the Venice Film Festival for Hurlyburly (1998) and 21 Grams (2003).

Penn made his feature film directorial debut with 1991's The Indian Runner, followed by the drama film The Crossing Guard (1995) and the mystery film The Pledge (2001). In 2002, Penn directed one of the 11 segments of 11'09"01 September 11, a compilation film made in response to the September 11 attacks. His fourth feature film, Into the Wild (2007), garnered critical acclaim and two Academy Award nominations.

In addition to his film work, Penn is known for his political and social activism, most notably his criticism of the George W. Bush administration, his contact with the Presidents of Venezuela and Cuba, and his humanitarian work in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina and the 2010 Haiti earthquake. Penn also attracted media attention for his previous marriages to pop singer Madonna and actress Robin Wright.

Early life

Penn was born in Los Angeles County, California,[2] the son of actor and director Leo Penn and actress Eileen Ryan (née Annucci). His older brother is musician Michael Penn. His younger brother, actor Chris Penn, died in 2006. His paternal grandparents were Jewish emigrants from Lithuania and Russia,[3][4][5] while his mother is a Catholic of Irish and Italian descent.[5][6] Penn was raised in a secular home,[3] and attended Santa Monica High School.[7] He began making short films with some of his childhood friends, including actors Emilio Estevez and Charlie Sheen, who lived near his home.[8]

Career

Acting

Penn appeared in a 1974 episode of the Little House on the Prairie television series as an extra when his father, Leo, directed some of the episodes. He launched his film career with the 1981 action-drama Taps, where he played a military high school cadet.[8] A year later, he appeared in the hit comedy Fast Times at Ridgemont High, in the role of surfer-stoner Jeff Spicoli, with his character helping popularize the word "dude" in popular culture.[8] In 1983, Penn appeared as Mick O'Brien, a troubled youth, in the drama Bad Boys.[8] The role earned Penn favorable reviews and jump-started his career as a serious actor.

In 1985, Penn played Andrew Daulton Lee in the film The Falcon and the Snowman, which closely followed an actual criminal case.[8] Lee was a former drug dealer by trade, convicted of espionage for the Soviet Union and originally sentenced to life in prison, later being paroled in 1998. Penn later hired Lee as his personal assistant, partly because he wanted to reward Lee for allowing him to play Lee in the film; he was also a firm believer in rehabilitation and thought Lee should be successfully reintegrated into society, since he was a free man again.[9] In 1986, Penn starred in the drama At Close Range.[8] He stopped acting for a few years in the early 1990s, having been dissatisfied with the industry, and focused on making his directing debut.[8]

Nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor five times, he has won the award twice. The Academy first recognized his work in nominating him for playing a racist murderer on death row in the 1995 drama film Dead Man Walking. He was nominated again for his comedic performance as an egotistical jazz guitarist in the 1999 film Sweet and Lowdown. He received his third nomination after portraying a mentally handicapped father in 2001's I am Sam. Penn finally won for his role in the 2003 Boston crime-drama Mystic River. In 2004, he played a disturbed man bent on killing the president in The Assassination of Richard Nixon. That year, he was invited to join the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.[10]

In 2006, Penn portrayed governor Willie Stark (based on Huey Long) in an adaptation of the classic American novel All the King's Men. The film was a critical and commercial failure, named by a 2010 Forbes article as the biggest flop in the last five years.[11][11] In November 2008, he earned positive reviews for his portrayal of real-life gay-rights icon and politician Harvey Milk in the biopic Milk, and was nominated for best actor for the 2008 Independent Spirit Awards.[12] The film also earned Penn his fifth nomination and second win for the Academy Award for Best Actor. In 2010, he starred as Joseph C. Wilson in Fair Game, a film adaptation of Valerie Plame's 2007 memoir. He co-starred in the drama The Tree of Life, which won the Palme d'Or at the 2011 Cannes Film Festival.

Directing

In 1991, Penn made his directorial debut with The Indian Runner, a film based on Bruce Springsteen's song "Highway Patrolman", from the Nebraska album.[8] He also directed music videos, such as Shania Twain's "Dance with the One That Brought You" and Lyle Lovett's "North Dakota" in 1993, and Peter Gabriel's "The Barry Williams Show" in 2002. He has since directed three more films, all of which were well received by critics: The Crossing Guard in 1995, The Pledge in 2001, and Into the Wild in 2007.[13]

Personal life

Penn with Robin Wright in September 2006

Penn was engaged to actress Elizabeth McGovern, his co-star in 1984's Racing with the Moon. Penn's personal life began to attract media attention when he married pop singer Madonna in 1985. The two starred in the panned and much-derided Shanghai Surprise, directed by Jim Goddard, and Madonna dedicated her third studio album True Blue to Penn, referring to him in the liner notes as "the coolest guy in the universe".[14] The relationship was marred by violent outbursts against the press, including one incident for which he was arrested for assaulting a photographer on a film set; Penn was sentenced to 60 days in jail in mid-1987, of which he served 33 days.[15] Later in the marriage, Penn was charged with felony domestic assault, a charge for which he pleaded to a misdemeanor.[16] Penn and Madonna divorced in 1989.

He soon began a relationship with actress Robin Wright, and their first child, a daughter named Dylan Frances, was born in 1991. Their second child, a son whom they named Hopper Jack, was born in 1993. Penn and Wright married on April 27, 1996, and lived in Ross, California.[1][17] The couple filed for divorce in December 2007, but reconciled several months later, requesting a court dismissal of their divorce case.[18] In April 2009, Penn filed for legal separation, only to withdraw the case once again when the couple reconciled in May.[19][20][21] On August 12, 2009, Wright Penn filed for divorce again.[22][23] The couple's divorce was finalized on July 22, 2010, with the couple reaching a private agreement on child and spousal support, division of assets, and custody of Hopper, who was almost 17 at the time.[24] As of February 2014 he is dating actress Charlize Theron.[25]

Political and social causes

Penn has been active in supporting several political and social causes. On December 13-16, 2002, Sean Penn visited Iraq to protest the Bush Administration's apparent plans for a military strike on Iraq. On June 10, 2005, Penn made a visit to Iran. Acting as a journalist on an assignment for the San Francisco Chronicle, he attended a Friday prayer at Tehran University.[26] On January 7, 2006, Penn was a special guest at the Progressive Democrats of America, where he was joined by author and media critic Norman Solomon, Democratic congressional candidate Charles Brown, and activist Cindy Sheehan. The "Out of Iraq Forum", which took place in Sacramento, California, was organized to promote the anti-war movement calling for an end to the War in Iraq. In August 2008, Penn made an appearance at one of Ralph Nader's "Open the Debates" Super Rallies. He protested the political exclusion of Nader and other third parties.[27] In October 2008, Penn traveled to Cuba, where he met with and interviewed President Raúl Castro.[28] In February 2012, he stood beside Hugo Chávez while Venezuela supported the Syrian government during the 2011–2012 Syrian uprising.[29]

Criticism of President Bush

Penn at an anti-war rally in Washington, D.C., January 27, 2007

On October 18, 2002, Penn placed a US$56,000 advertisement in the Washington Post asking then President George W. Bush to end a cycle of violence. It was written as an open letter and referred to the planned attack on Iraq and the War on Terror.[30] In the letter, Penn also criticized the Bush administration for its "deconstruction of civil liberties" and its "simplistic and inflammatory view of good and evil."[31] Penn visited Iraq briefly in December 2002.[30] This advertisement was cited as a primary reason for the development of his relationship with Venezuelan president Hugo Chávez. In one of his televised speeches, Chávez used and read aloud an open letter Penn wrote to Bush.[32] The letter condemned the Iraq War, called for Bush to be impeached, and also called Bush, Vice President Dick Cheney, and Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice "villainously and criminally obscene people.".[33] In August 2007, Penn met with Chávez in Caracas for two hours, after which Chávez praised him for urging Americans to impeach Bush. Penn also visited a new film studio on the outskirts of Caracas, though he did not speak publicly.[33]

On April 19, 2007, Penn appeared on The Colbert Report and had a "Meta-Free-Phor-All" versus Stephen Colbert that was judged by Robert Pinsky. This stemmed from some of Penn's criticisms of Bush. His exact quote was "We cower as you point your fingers telling us to support our troops. You and the smarmy pundits in your pocket– those who bathe in the moisture of your soiled and blood-soaked underwear– can take that noise and shove it."[34][35] He won the contest with 10,000,000 points to Colbert's 1.[36] On December 7, 2007, Penn said he supported Ohio Congressman Dennis J. Kucinich for U.S. President in 2008, and criticized Bush's handling of the Iraq war. Penn questioned whether Bush's twin daughters supported the war in Iraq.[37]

Hurricane Katrina

In September 2005, Penn traveled to New Orleans, Louisiana to aid Hurricane Katrina victims. He was physically involved in rescuing people,[38] although there was criticism that his involvement was a PR stunt as he hired a photographer to come along with his entourage.[39] Penn denied such accusations in an article he wrote for The Huffington Post.[40] Director Spike Lee interviewed Penn for his documentary about Hurricane Katrina, When the Levees Broke: A Requiem in Four Acts.

Support for same-sex marriage

Filming Milk, 2008

On February 22, 2009, Penn received the Academy Award for Best Actor for the film Milk. In his acceptance speech, he said: "I think that it is a good time for those who voted for the ban against gay marriage to sit and reflect and anticipate their great shame and the shame in their grandchildren's eyes if they continue that way of support. We've got to have equal rights for everyone!"[41]

2010 Haiti earthquake: Manager of Relief Organization and Tent Camp

After the 2010 Haiti earthquake, Penn founded the J/P Haitian Relief Organization,[42] which has been running a 55,000 person tent camp.[43] Due to his visibility as an on-the-ground advocate for rescue and aid efforts in the aftermath, Penn was designated by president Michel Martelly as Ambassador-at-Large for Haiti, the first time that a non-Haitian citizen has been designated as such in the country's history. Penn received the designation on January 31, 2012.[44]

Pakistan

Penn gained significant attention in the Pakistan media when he visited Karachi and Badin in 2012. On 23 March 2012, he visited flood-stricken villages of Karim Bux Jamali, Dargah Shah Gurio and Peero Lashari in Badin District. He was accompanied by US Consul General Willian J. Martin and distributed blankets, quilts, kitchen items and other goods amongst flood survivors.[45][46] On 24 March 2012, Penn also visited Bilquis Edhi Female Child Home and met Pakistan’s iconic humanitarian worker Abdul Sattar Edhi and his wife, Bilquis Edhi. He also laid floral wreaths and paid respect at the shrine of Abdullah Shah Ghazi.[47][48]

Controversies

Defense of Hugo Chávez

In March 2010, Penn called for the arrest of those referring to Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez as a dictator.[49] The two were friends, and when Chávez died, Penn said: "Venezuela and its revolution will endure under the proven leadership of Vice President (Nicolás) Maduro. Today the United States lost a friend it never knew it had. And poor people around the world lost a champion. I lost a friend I was blessed to have."[50]

Falkland Islands controversy

In February 2012 Penn met with the President of Argentina, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner in Buenos Aires where he made a statement on the long-running dispute between Argentina and the United Kingdom over the Falkland Islands, saying: "I know I came in a very sensitive moment in terms of diplomacy between Argentina and the UK over the Malvinas islands. And I hope that diplomats can establish true dialogue in order to solve the conflict as the world today cannot tolerate ridiculous demonstrations of colonialism. The way of dialogue is the only way to achieve a better solution for both nations."[51][52][53]

The comments were taken as support of Argentina's claim to the islands and evoked strong reactions in the British media, with one satirical article in The Daily Telegraph requesting that Penn "return his Malibu estate to the Mexicans".[54] Lauren Collins of The New Yorker wrote: "As of today, Sean Penn is the new Karl Lagerfeld—the man upon whom, having disrespected something dear to the United Kingdom, the British papers most gleefully pile contempt".[55]

Penn later claimed that he had been misrepresented by the British press and that his criticism of "colonialism" was a reference to the deployment of Prince William as an air-sea rescue pilot, describing it as a "message of pre-emptive intimidation". He claimed that the Prince's posting meant "the automatic deployment of warships", and stated: "My oh my, aren't people sensitive to the word 'colonialism', particularly those who implement colonialism."[56][57] In a piece written in The Guardian, Penn wrote that "the legalisation of Argentinian immigration to the Malvinas/Falkland Islands is one that it seems might have been addressed, but for the speculative discovery of booming offshore oil in the surrounding seas this past year". He further wrote that "irresponsible journalism" had suggested "that I had taken a specific position against those currently residing in the Malvinas/Falkland Islands, that they should either be deported or absorbed into Argentine rule. I neither said, nor insinuated that".[57][58]

Filmography and awards

On December 18, 2006, Penn received the Christopher Reeve First Amendment Award from the Creative Coalition.[59]

Year Title Role Notes
1981 Taps Cadet Cpt. Alex Dwyer
1982 Fast Times at Ridgemont High Jeff Spicoli
1983 Summerspell Buddy
1983 Bad Boys Michael O'Brien
1984 Crackers Dillard
1984 Racing with the Moon Henry "Hopper" Nash
1985 Falcon and the Snowman, TheThe Falcon and the Snowman Daulton Lee
1986 At Close Range Brad Whitewood Jr.
1986 Shanghai Surprise Glendon Wasey Nominated – Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Actor
1987 Dear America: Letters Home from Vietnam Narrator
1988 Cool Blue Phil the Plumber Uncredited[60]
1988 Colors Officer Danny McGavin
1988 Judgment in Berlin Guenther X
1989 Casualties of War Sgt. Tony Meserve
1989 We're No Angels Jim
1990 State of Grace Terry Noonan
1991 Schneeweißrosenrot Himself Documentary
1991 Indian Runner, TheThe Indian Runner Writer, director
Nominated – Locarno International Film Festival Golden Leopard
1992 Cruise Control Jeffrey Short film
1993 Last Party, TheThe Last Party Himself Documentary
1993 Carlito's Way David Kleinfeld Nominated – Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture
1995 Crossing Guard, TheThe Crossing Guard Writer, director
Nominated – Golden Lion
1995 Dead Man Walking Matthew Poncelet Independent Spirit Award for Best Male Lead
National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor (2nd place)
Silver Bear for Best Actor[61]
Sant Jordi Award for Best Foreign Actor
Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated – Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
Nominated – Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role
1997 Loved Michael
1997 She's So Lovely Eddie Quinn Cannes Film Festival Award for Best Actor[62]
1997 U Turn Bobby Cooper
1997 Game, TheThe Game Conrad Van Orton
1997 Hugo Pool Strange Hitchhiker
1998 Hurlyburly Eddie Volpi Cup
Nominated – Independent Spirit Award for Best Male Lead
1998 Thin Red Line, TheThe Thin Red Line 1st Sgt. Welsh
1999 Being John Malkovich Himself Uncredited
1999 Sweet and Lowdown Emmett Ray Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Nominated – Satellite Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
2000 Constant Forge, AA Constant Forge Himself Documentary
2000 Up at the Villa Rowley Flint
2000 Before Night Falls Cuco Sánchez
2000 Weight of Water, TheThe Weight of Water Thomas Janes
2001 Dogtown and Z-Boys Narrator Documentary
2001 Beaver Trilogy, TheThe Beaver Trilogy Groovin' Larry Segment: "Beaver Kid 2"
2001 Scene Smoking: Cigarettes, Cinema & the Myth of Cool Himself Documentary
2001 Pledge, TheThe Pledge Writer, director
Nominated – Golden Bear
Nominated – Bodil Award for Best Non-European Film
Nominated – Palme d'Or
2001 See How They Run Himself Documentary
2001 I Am Sam Sam Dawson Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated – Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Nominated – Satellite Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama
Nominated – Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role
2002 11'9"01 September 11 Director
Segment: "U.S.A."
UNESCO Award
Nominated – César Award for Best Film from the European Union
2003 It's All About Love Marciello
2003 Mystic River Jimmy Markum Academy Award for Best Actor
Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Cast
Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor (2nd place)
Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Central Ohio Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
Florida Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
Las Vegas Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
London Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
Los Angeles Film Critics Award for Best Actor (2nd place)
National Board of Review Award for Best Actor
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor (2nd place)
Satellite Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama
Southeastern Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor (2nd place)
Vancouver Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
Nominated – Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Nominated – Irish Film & Television Award for Best International Actor
Nominated – Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
Nominated – Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role
Nominated – Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture
Nominated – Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
2003 21 Grams Paul Rivers Florida Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
Las Vegas Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
Los Angeles Film Critics Award for Best Actor (2nd place)
National Board of Review Award for Best Actor
Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Cast
Satellite Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama
Volpi Cup
Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
Nominated – Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
2004 Assassination of Richard Nixon, TheThe Assassination of Richard Nixon Samuel J. Bicke Nominated – Satellite Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama
2005 Interpreter, TheThe Interpreter Tobin Keller
2006 All the King's Men Willie Stark
2007 Into the Wild Writer, director
Palm Springs International Film Festival Award for Best Director
Rome Film Fest Premiere Prize
São Paulo International Film Festival Best Foreign Language Film
Nominated – Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Director
Nominated – BFCA Critics' Choice Award for Best Writer
Nominated – Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Adapted Screenplay
Nominated – Directors Guild of America Award for Best Director – Motion Picture
Nominated – Film Critics Circle of Australia Award for Best Foreign Film – English Language
Nominated – Writers Guild of America Award for Best Adapted Screenplay
2007 Persepolis Marjane's Father Voice
English dub
2007 War Made Easy Narrator[63] Documentary
2008 Tropic Thunder Himself Cameo
2008 Milk Harvey Milk Academy Award for Best Actor
Austin Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor (tied with Mickey Rourke for The Wrestler)
Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Cast
Central Ohio Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor (2nd place)
Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Los Angeles Film Critics Award for Best Actor
National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
Palm Springs International Film Festival Award for Best Actor
Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
San Francisco Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role
Southeastern Film Critics Award for Best Actor
Vancouver Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
Nominated – Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
Nominated – Independent Spirit Award for Best Lead Male
Nominated – London Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
Nominated – MTV Movie Award for Best Kiss
Nominated – Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
Nominated – Satellite Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama
Nominated – Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture
Nominated – Toronto Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
2008 Witch Hunt Narrator Documentary
Executive producer
2010 Fair Game Joseph Wilson
2011 Tree of Life, TheThe Tree of Life Adult Jack
2011 This Must Be the Place Cheyenne
2013 Gangster Squad Mickey Cohen
2013 The Secret Life of Walter Mitty Sean O'Connell
2014 The Gunman Martin Terrier

References

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  2. ^ "California Births, 1905–1995". Familytreelegends.com. August 17, 1960. Retrieved January 23, 2009. 
  3. ^ a b Jews Flop in Big Oscar Award Wins. Jewish Journal.com. March 5, 2004.
  4. ^ Sean Penn Genealogy.
  5. ^ a b Kelly, Richard T. (2004). Sean Penn: His Life and Times. Canongate Books. pp. 9–10. ISBN 1-84195-623-6. 
  6. ^ According to Penn's mother, Leo Penn may have had distant Sephardic Jewish ancestry, as his family's surname was originally "Piñón".
  7. ^ Abramowitz, Rachel (January 6, 2002). "Don't Get Him Started". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 23, 2010. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h Stated on Inside the Actors Studio, 1999
  9. ^ When Sean's having fun, it's hard to imagine having more fun. Guardian Unlimited. April 8, 2005.
  10. ^ "Academy Invites 127 to Membership" (Press release). Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. June 28, 2004. Archived from the original on June 30, 2004. 
  11. ^ a b Pomerantz, Dorothy. Hollywood's Biggest Flops: Big-name stars weren't enough to save these box-office bombs, Forbes, January 22, 2010.
  12. ^ Maxwell, Erin (December 3, 2008). "Spirit Award nominees announced". work. Retrieved January 23, 2009. 
  13. ^ Sean Penn film directorial venture reviews:
  14. ^ "Madonna's love history". The Daily Telegraph (UK). October 15, 2008. Retrieved April 14, 2011. 
  15. ^ Ciccone, Christopher (2008). Life with My Sister Madonna, Simon & Schuster, pp. 144–150. ISBN 1-4165-8762-4.
  16. ^ Smith, Olivia (February 19, 2010). "Sean Penn to be charged with battery, vandalism; could land actor in jail for year and a half". New York Daily News. Retrieved April 14, 2011. 
  17. ^ Storey, Kate (September 30, 2013). "Penn kids ready to break out". New York Post. Retrieved January 18, 2014. 
  18. ^ White, Nicholas (December 27, 2007). "Sean Penn and Robin Wright Penn Divorcing". People. Retrieved September 16, 2009. 
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  20. ^ Reaney, Patricia (April 9, 2008). "Sean Penn, wife Robin end divorce proceeding". Reuters. 
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  22. ^ Lee, Ken (August 18, 2009). "Robin Wright Penn Files for Divorce". People. Retrieved September 16, 2009. 
  23. ^ Silverman, Stephen M. (August 17, 2009). "Robin Wright Penn Relishes Her New Independence". People. Retrieved September 16, 2009. 
  24. ^ Oh, Eunice (August 4, 2010). "Sean Penn and Robin Wright Finalize Their Divorce". People. Retrieved August 5, 2010. 
  25. ^ "Driving him crazy! Sean Penn enjoys a passionate kiss from Charlize Theron behind the wheel in LA". Daily Mail (UK). 9 February 2014. 
  26. ^ Penn, Sean. Sean Penn in Iran. San Francisco Chronicle. August 23, 2005.
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  28. ^ Lacey, Marc (November 26, 2008). "Sean Penn Interviews Raúl Castro". The New York Times. Retrieved January 23, 2009. 
  29. ^ "Exclusive: Venezuela ships fuel to war-torn Syria". Reuters. February 16, 2012. Retrieved 2012-02-17. 
  30. ^ a b Bowles, Scott (September 18, 2006). Sean Penn plays politics. USA Today.
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  33. ^ a b James, Ian. Sean Penn Praised by Venezuela's Chavez. Breitbart.com. August 2, 2007.
  34. ^ "Sean Penn Unloads on Pres. Bush". FOX News. March 27, 2007. 
  35. ^ "Metaphor Alert". New York Post. March 27, 2007. 
  36. ^ "Stephen Colbert vs Sean Penn". Crooks and Liars. March 27, 2007. 
  37. ^ An Open Letter to the President...Four and a Half Years Later Huffington Post.com. March 24, 2007.
  38. ^ Many celebrities have helped with New Orleans recovery efforts. International Herald Tribune. December 14, 2007.
  39. ^ Penn's rescue attempt springs a leak. The Sydney Morning Herald. September 5, 2005.
  40. ^ Penn, Sean (November 30, 2008). "Mountain of Snakes". The Huffington Post. Retrieved November 28, 2010. 
  41. ^ Post Reply (February 22, 2009). "Sean Penn Oscar Speech". Mahalo.com. Retrieved February 22, 2011. 
  42. ^ "Sean Penn: It's time to seize opportunities in Haiti". The World Bank. 3 May 2013. Retrieved 21 November 2013. 
  43. ^ "Haitian Relief Organization". Jphro.org. Retrieved February 22, 2011. 
  44. ^ "Haiti names Sean Penn "ambassador at large"". CBS News. January 31, 2012. 
  45. ^ Razaq Khatti (March 24, 2012). "Hollywood visitor: Sean Penn comes to Badin". The Express Tribune. Retrieved March 25, 2012. 
  46. ^ Mahim Maher (March 24, 2012). "Sean Penn comes to Pakistan". JewishJournal.com. Retrieved March 25, 2012. 
  47. ^ Saba Imtiaz (March 25, 2012). "A touch of inspiration runs both ways as Sean Penn visits shrine and Edhi home". The Express Tribune. Retrieved March 25, 2012. 
  48. ^ APP (March 25, 2012). "Actor Sean Penn visits Edhi Centre, Karachi". DAWN.COM. Retrieved March 25, 2012. 
  49. ^ Carroll, Rory (March 11, 2010). "Sean Penn: Journalists who call Hugo Chávez a dictator should be jailed". The Guardian (London). 
  50. ^ Hugo Chavez's death draws sympathy, anger
  51. ^ Dispute: Argentine union to boycott UK ships/ "Falklands dispute: Argentine union to boycott UK ships". BBC. February 14, 2012. 
  52. ^ "Sean Penn backs Argentina over Falkland Islands". London: The Guardian. February 14, 2012. 
  53. ^ "'The world can't tolerate anymore ridiculous colonialism,' Sean Penn says after meeting CFK". Buenos Aires Herald. February 15, 2012. Retrieved February 17, 2012. 
  54. ^ "Sean Penn should return his Malibu estate to the Mexicans". London: The Daily Telegraph. February 15, 2012. 
  55. ^ Collins, Lauren (February 15, 2012). "SEAN PENN’S FALKLANDS WAR". The New Yorker. Retrieved February 17, 2012. 
  56. ^ Topping, Alexandra (February 15, 2012). "Sean Penn hits out at Prince William's Falklands posting". The Guardian (London). Retrieved February 17, 2012. 
  57. ^ a b Penn, Sean (February 23, 2012). "Sean Penn: The Malvinas/Falklands – diplomacy interrupted". The Guardian (London). 
  58. ^ Watt, Nicholas (February 23, 2012). "Sean Penn calls for Britain to negotiate with Argentina over Falklands". The Guardian (London). 
  59. ^ The Creative Coalition Announces Presenters for 2006 Christopher Reeve First Amendment Award and 2006 Spotlight Awards. The Creative Coalition. December 2006.
  60. ^ Kelly, Richard T. (2005). Sean Penn: His Life and Times. Canongate U.S. p. 219. ISBN 1-84195-739-9. 
  61. ^ "Berlinale: 1996 Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved January 1, 2012. 
  62. ^ "Festival de Cannes: She's So Lovely". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved September 23, 2009. 
  63. ^ War Made Easy

External links