Seattle Police Department
|Seattle Police Department|
|Patch of the Seattle Police Department.|
|Logo of the Seattle Police Department.|
|Motto||Service, Pride, Dedication|
|Legal personality||Governmental: Government agency|
|Operations jurisdiction*||State of Washington, USA|
|Seattle Police jurisdiction|
|Legal jurisdiction||City of Seattle|
|Police Officers||ca. 1,300|
|Agency executive||Jim Pugel, Chief of Police (acting)|
|Seattle Police Website|
|* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.|
The Seattle Police Department (SPD) is the principal law enforcement agency of the city of Seattle, Washington, except for the campus of the University of Washington, for which responsibility falls to the University of Washington Police Department. It is nationally accredited by the Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies.
Law enforcement in Seattle began with the appointment of William H. ("Uncle Joe") Surber as town marshal in 1861. The SPD was officially organized on June 2, 1886. As of 2011, it had a staff of around 1,800. Since the establishment of the Seattle Police Department, 58 officers have died in the line of duty. In recent years, the department has been subject of a federal investigation due to excessive force.
The acting chief of the Seattle Police Department is Jim Pugel.
- OPA Director Pierce Murphy (Office of Professional Accountability—civilian position)
- Deputy Chief Clark Kimerer (Deputy Chief of Administration)
- Assistant Chief Dick Reed (Field Support Bureau)
- Valarie Anderson (Chief Administrative Officer—civilian position)
- Deputy Chief Nick Metz (Deputy Chief of Operations)
- Assistant Chief Mike Sanford (Patrol Operations Bureau)
- Assistant Chief Paul McDonagh (Special Operations Bureau)
Rank structure and insignia
|Chief of Police|
|Source: Seattle Police Department: Policy and Procedure Manual, Title 9.050 (XI)(B), p. 7–8|
Officers in the Seattle Police Department usually work at least their first three years in uniformed patrol assignments. After three years in patrol, officers can become candidates to transfer to a wide variety of specialty units and are also eligible to attend a weeklong detective school. After five years as a police officer, he or she can take a promotional examination. Every other year, civil service tests are administered for promotions within the Seattle Police Department. Tests are given for the rank of Sergeant, Lieutenant, and Captain. Assistant Chiefs and Deputy Chiefs are appointed by the Chief from the management ranks. Officers may be promoted to Sergeant after five years of experience with the Department and passing the Sergeant's test. Lieutenants must have at least three years experience as Sergeants and Captains must have at least three years experience as Lieutenants. A bachelor's degree may substitute for one year of experience but can only be used for one promotional exam.
In 1987, the Seattle Police Department created the modern mountain bike patrol units, paving the way for cities across North America to follow.
In 2012, the rank of "Sergeant Major" was created and bestowed upon then-Sergeant Arnold "Arny" McGinnis. Sergeant Major McGinnis started working at the Seattle Police Department in 1962, holding the rank of police officer. He retired in July 2012 at the age of 75, reaching fifty years of service to the city of Seattle. He is the only member of the SPD known to hold the rank.
Criticism and Controversy
The SPD has been subject to much controversy and criticism over the past few decades.
In 1999, Seattle hosted the World Trade Organization (WTO) Conference. The Seattle Police Department was criticized for failing to properly prepare for the over 100,000 protesters that disrupted the conference. While the majority of protestors were not violent, some assaulted delegates and police, and destroyed property. The protest soon devolved into a riot. In response, SPD used chemical agents and less-lethal weapons in an attempt to restore order. News footage of this response and of the rioting was broadcast worldwide. Amazingly, not a single protester or police officer was injured seriously enough during the riot to require hospitalization. Chief Norm Stamper resigned amid the scrutiny of police response to the event.
In 2001, riots broke out downtown during the Mardi Gras celebrations. The riots resulted in one death, more than 70 hospitalizations, and 21 arrests. The Seattle Police Officers' Guild membership voted overwhelmingly "no confidence" in Chief Gil Kerlikowske for his failure to take appropriate leadership action during the incident.
In August 2010, SPD officer Ian Birk shot and killed Indian woodcarver John T. Williams. Subsequent grand jury findings on the level of threat posed by Williams were inconclusive but an internal review of the shooting by the SPD's Firearms Review Commission found the shooting "unjustified" and cited Birk's tactical mishandling of the confrontation as being responsible for Williams' death. Birk resigned from the department, though prosecutor Dan Satterberg declined to file charges, prompting a protest by Williams' family and supporters.
In 2010, detectives from SPD's Gang Unit ordered two Latino men suspected of committing a crime to lie on the ground, where they were kicked and verbally assaulted; the incident was captured on a bystander's cellphone video. The police let the men go soon afterwards; the video prompted protests over racial tensions and a police department internal investigation. Several officers were suspended without pay and/or demoted, but not criminally charged. A civil lawsuit by one of the two men has been filed.
In December 2011 the SPD was subject to a Department of Justice investigation that found officers had violated the 14th Amendment and the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. The DOJ found that SPD officers engaged in a pattern of excessive use of force that violated the Constitution as well as Federal law. Furthermore, the regular invocation of the Garrity protection was found to have reduced the department's ability to supervise the use of force and hinder investigations. A spokesman for the SPD indicated they will fully comply with the DOJ inquiry to avoid a federal lawsuit. In late July 2012, the city and Department of Justice reached a settlement that included improved oversight, training and reporting.
Further allegations of harassment and "cops escalating minor situations into menacing confrontations" have been made by the Seattle newspaper, The Stranger. 
The Bike Unit is credited as the first mountain bike unit in the United States.
In 2005 the department started testing the use of BlackBerry PDAs with bike patrol officers. These PDAs allowed officers on the streets access to police records when the use of regular mobile data computer is not available.
Seattle Metropolitan Police Museum
The Seattle Metropolitan Police Museum is a museum in the Pioneer Square neighborhood of Seattle, Washington. Founded in 1997, it is dedicated to the history of the Seattle Police Department and of law enforcement in the Seattle metropolitan area. It claims to be the largest police museum in the western United States.
In popular culture
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (September 2013)|
Richard Dreyfuss and Emilio Estevez starred as Seattle Police detectives in the films Stakeout and its sequel Another Stakeout. The first film was actually filmed in Vancouver, British Columbia instead of Seattle while the second was filmed in Seattle.
In the 1990 film Short Time, Dabney Coleman plays a Seattle police detective whose medical records are mixed up with those of a bus driver who has only a short time to live. In an effort to secure his family's financial security, he attempts to get killed in the line of duty but, in a turn of comedic events, becomes a hero cop instead. Interestingly, this film was also filmed in Vancouver, BC despite the Seattle setting.
In the film Assassins (1995) starring Sylvester Stallone, Sharon Stone, and Antonio Banderas, Seattle Police chase the assassins through the city. One of the pursuing officers was played by an actual serving Seattle police officer.
In 2007, Battle in Seattle was released starring Charlize Theron and Woody Harrelson. It is a story about the World Trade Organization Ministerial Conference of 1999 protest activity. Harrelson plays a Seattle cop.
In the video game World in Conflict, the Seattle Police Department help the National Guard to fight back the Red Army's invasion of United States. Although not a playable unit, a number of SPD officers can be seen in the opening cutscene, engaging Red Army troopers and evacuating civilians.
In the television show Criminal Minds, the department along with the FBI helped solved recent kidnappings and a murder.
The AMC series The Killing stars Mireille Enos as Sarah Linden, a lead Seattle Police homicide detective. Although many exterior shots show Seattle landmarks the series is filmed in Vancouver, British Columbia.
- List of law enforcement agencies in Washington
- List of U.S. state and local law enforcement agencies
- Murder of Timothy Brenton
- "About SPD". Retrieved December 18, 2011.
- "Officer down". The Officer Down Memorial Page.
- "Title 9.050 – Uniforms & Equipment". Seattle Police Department: Policy and Procedure Manual (PDF). Seattle Police Department. July 22, 2011. Section XI. Insignia of Rank (B), pp.7–8.
- Casey McNerthney (June 27, 2012). "After nearly 50 years, Seattle cop still on patrol". Seattle Post-Intelligencer.
- Rick Anderson (January 12, 1999). "Protesters riot, police riot". Seattle Weekly. Retrieved December 6, 2009.
- Steve Miletich (October 17, 2010). John T. Williams: Dashboard Video of SPD Shooting. Unknown parameter
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- Steve Miletich (October 5, 2010). "Woodcarver was shot four times in his side by officer, autopsy shows". Seattle Times. Retrieved December 9, 2011.
- "Autopsy report (PDF) on John T. Williams' wounds". Seattle Times. October 5, 2010. Retrieved December 9, 2011.
- Steve Miletich; Jennifer Sullivan (January 12, 20110). "Inquest jurors split over Seattle police shooting". Seattle Times. Retrieved February 16, 2011.
- Casey McNerthney (February 24, 2011). "Mayor: Sunday to be 'John T. Williams Day' in Seattle". Seattle Post-Intelligencer.
- "http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/localnews/2014247487_apwaseattlepoliceshooting7thld.html". Seattle Times. February 16, 2011.
- "Seattle Cops Stomp On Detainee". kirotv.com. KIRO-TV. May 7, 2010. Retrieved December 13, 2011.
- Jonah Spangenthal-Lee (May 7, 2010). "I’m going to beat the fucking Mexican piss out of you, homey! You feel me?". PubliCola. Retrieved December 13, 2011.
- Kirk Johnson (28 July 2012). "Washington; Federal Settlement Is Reached With Seattle Police". New York Times.
- Seattle Police Department
- SPD's listing at Officer Down Memorial Page.
- Seattle Metropolitan Police Museum - official site