Seattle Police Department

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Seattle Police Department
Abbreviation SPD
WA - Seattle Police.png
Patch of the Seattle Police Department.
Seattle-police-shield.png
Logo of the Seattle Police Department.
Motto Service, Pride, Dedication
Agency overview
Formed 1886
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction* State of Washington, USA
Seattle in King County.png
Seattle Police jurisdiction
Legal jurisdiction City of Seattle
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters Seattle, Washington, United States
Police Officers ca. 1,300[1]
Agency executive Kathleen O'Toole, Chief of Police
Website
Seattle Police Website
Footnotes
* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.

The Seattle Police Department (SPD) is the principal law enforcement agency of the city of Seattle, in the U.S. state of Washington, except for the campus of the University of Washington, for which responsibility falls to the University of Washington Police Department. It is nationally accredited by the Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies.

The Seattle Police Department has various specialty units including SWAT, bike patrol, harbor patrol, motorcycles, and mounted patrols.[2]

Law enforcement in Seattle began with the appointment of William H. ("Uncle Joe") Surber as town marshal in 1861. The SPD was officially organized on June 2, 1886. As of 2011, it had a staff of around 1,800.[3] Since the establishment of the Seattle Police Department, 58 officers have died in the line of duty.[4]

In 2011, the Justice Department found that the department had engaged in a pattern of constitutional violations in its use of force.[5]

On May 19, 2014, Kathleen O'Toole was nominated to serve as Chief of the Seattle Police Department and was officially appointed on June 23, 2014.[6]

Command structure[edit]

The Chief of the Seattle Police Department is Kathleen_O'Toole.

  • OPA Director Pierce Murphy (Office of Professional Accountability—civilian position)
  • Deputy Chief Clark Kimerer (Deputy Chief of Administration)
  • Assistant Chief Paul McDonagh (Field Support Bureau)
  • Valarie Anderson (Chief Administrative Officer—civilian position)
  • Assistant Chief Mike Washburn (Deputy Chief of Staff)
  • Assistant Chief Nick Metz (Patrol Operations Bureau)
  • Assistant Chief Joe Kessler (Homeland Security Bureau)
  • Assistant Chief Robin Clark (Special Operations Bureau)

Rank structure and insignia[edit]

Title Insignia
Chief of Police
4 Gold Stars.svg
Deputy Chief
3 Gold Stars.svg
Assistant Chief
2 Gold Stars.svg
Captain
Captain insignia gold.svg
Lieutenant
US-O1 insignia.svg
Sergeant Major
SPDSERGEANTMAJOR.jpg
Sergeant
SCHP Sergeant.jpg
Detective
Police Officer
Source: Seattle Police Department: Policy and Procedure Manual, Title 9.050 (XI)(B), p. 7–8[7]

Promotions[edit]

After three years in patrol, officers can become candidates to transfer to a wide variety of specialty units and are also eligible to attend a weeklong detective school. After five years as a police officer, he or she can take a promotional examination. Every other year, civil service tests are administered for promotions. Tests are given for the rank of sergeant, lieutenant, and captain. Assistant and Deputy chiefs are appointed by the chief from the management ranks. Officers may be promoted to sergeant after five years of experience with the Department and passing the Sergeant's test. Lieutenants must have at least three years' experience as Sergeants and Captains must have at least three years' experience. A bachelor's degree may substitute for one year of experience but can only be used for one promotional exam.[8]

Significant events[edit]

A Seattle Police car on patrol near 2nd Ave downtown.

On June 21, 1974, a Seattle Police helicopter on its way to a shooting collided with a Cessna near Boeing Field. Both officers on board and both civilians in the Cessna were killed.[9]

In 1987, the Seattle Police Department created the modern mountain bike patrol units, paving the way for cities across North America to follow.[10]

In 2012, the rank of "Sergeant Major" was created and bestowed upon then-Sergeant Arnold "Arny" McGinnis. Sergeant Major McGinnis started working at the Seattle Police Department in 1962, holding the rank of police officer. He retired in July 2012 at the age of 75, reaching fifty years of service to the city of Seattle. He is the only member of the SPD known to hold the rank.[11]

Misconduct[edit]

The department's mounted unit patrolling Pine Street during May Day celebrations

The SPD has been subject to much controversy and criticism over the past few decades.

In 1999, Seattle hosted the World Trade Organization (WTO) Conference. The Seattle Police Department was criticized for failing to properly prepare for the over 100,000 protesters that disrupted the conference. While the majority of protestors were not violent, some assaulted delegates and police, and destroyed property. The protest soon devolved into a riot. In response, SPD used chemical agents and less-lethal weapons in an attempt to restore order. News footage of this response and of the rioting was broadcast worldwide. Amazingly, not a single protester or police officer was injured seriously enough during the riot to require hospitalization. Chief Norm Stamper resigned amid the scrutiny of police response to the event.[12]

In 2001, riots broke out downtown during the Mardi Gras celebrations. The riots resulted in one death, more than 70 hospitalizations, and 21 arrests. The Seattle Police Officers' Guild membership voted overwhelmingly "no confidence" in Chief Gil Kerlikowske for his failure to take appropriate leadership action during the incident.

In August 2010, SPD officer Ian Birk shot and killed Indian woodcarver John T. Williams.[13][14][15] Subsequent grand jury findings on the level of threat posed by Williams were inconclusive but an internal review of the shooting by the SPD's Firearms Review Commission found the shooting "unjustified" and cited Birk's tactical mishandling of the confrontation as being responsible for Williams' death.[16][17] Birk resigned from the department, though prosecutor Dan Satterberg declined to file charges, prompting a protest by Williams' family and supporters.[18]

In 2010, detectives from SPD's Gang Unit ordered two Latino men suspected of committing a crime to lie on the ground, where they were kicked and verbally assaulted; the incident was captured on a bystander's cellphone video.[19][20] The police let the men go soon afterwards; the video prompted protests over racial tensions and a police department internal investigation. Several officers were suspended without pay and/or demoted, but not criminally charged. A civil lawsuit by one of the two men has been filed.

In December 2011 the SPD was subject to a Department of Justice investigation that found officers had violated the 14th Amendment and the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. The DOJ found that SPD officers engaged in a pattern of excessive use of force that violated the Constitution as well as Federal law. Furthermore, the regular invocation of the Garrity protection was found to have reduced the department's ability to supervise the use of force and hinder investigations. A spokesman for the SPD indicated they will fully comply with the DOJ inquiry to avoid a federal lawsuit.[21] In late July 2012, the city and Department of Justice reached a settlement that included improved oversight, training and reporting.[22]

On 6 October 2012, Officer Eric Faust beat a man he was attempting to detain. In September 2013, as a result of an internal investigation, the department suspended Faust for eight days without pay.[23]

On 13 July 2013, the department fired Lieutenant Donnie Lowe due to misconduct characterized as domestic violence and dishonesty.[24]

On 30 July 2013, Officer John Marion, threatened a reporter who was observing a number of policemen making an arrest. An internal investigation of Marion's behavior confirmed his actions. He was given a single day of unpaid suspension.[25][26]

In August 2013, the city agreed to pay two brothers $38,500 for a case of abuse. The two men claimed they were targeted by Officer Michael Waters because he was upset at how they had treated him at a local bar. According to the claim, Waters and his partner used the pretext of looking for two bank robbers to humiliate and assault the two men. Although the city agreed to settle the matter, neither officer was punished and they continue on the force.[27]

In January 2014, Detective David Blackmer plead guilty to stalking his mistress after she threatened to reveal their relationship to his wife. He was sentenced to 90 days in jail. An internal police investigation was then launched to determine if he should be fired.[28]

Bike Unit[edit]

The Bike Unit is credited as the first mountain bike unit in the United States.[10]

In 2005 the department started testing the use of BlackBerry PDAs with bike patrol officers. These PDAs allowed officers on the streets access to police records when the use of regular mobile data computer is not available.[29]

Seattle Metropolitan Police Museum[edit]

The Seattle Metropolitan Police Museum is a museum in the Pioneer Square neighborhood of Seattle, Washington. Founded in 1997, it is dedicated to the history of the Seattle Police Department and of law enforcement in the Seattle metropolitan area. It claims to be the largest police museum in the western United States.

In popular culture[edit]

Regular patrol officers in uniform at Seattle Hempfest

On the American television sitcom Frasier, Frasier's father Martin Crane was a homicide detective in the Seattle Police Department. Detective Crane was forced to retire after he was shot in the hip.

Richard Dreyfuss and Emilio Estevez starred as Seattle Police detectives in the films Stakeout and its sequel Another Stakeout. The first film was actually filmed in Vancouver, British Columbia instead of Seattle while the second was filmed in Seattle.

John Wayne played a Seattle police detective in the 1974 film McQ.

In the 1987 film Harry and the Hendersons, members of the Seattle Police Department investigate various prowler incidents as well as taking plaster casts of Sasquatch footprints.

In the 1990 film Short Time, Dabney Coleman plays a Seattle police detective whose medical records are mixed up with those of a bus driver who has only a short time to live. In an effort to secure his family's financial security, he attempts to get killed in the line of duty but, in a turn of comedic events, becomes a hero cop instead. Interestingly, this film was also filmed in Vancouver, BC despite the Seattle setting.

In the film Assassins (1995) starring Sylvester Stallone, Sharon Stone, and Antonio Banderas, Seattle Police chase the assassins through the city. One of the pursuing officers was played by an actual serving Seattle police officer.

The 2005 film Police Beat follows an immigrant turned Seattle bicycle cop. It was written by Charles Mudede, the police beat reporter for the publication The Stranger.

In 2007, Battle in Seattle was released starring Charlize Theron and Woody Harrelson. It is a story about the World Trade Organization Ministerial Conference of 1999 protest activity. Harrelson plays a Seattle cop.

In the video game World in Conflict, the Seattle Police Department help the National Guard to fight back the Red Army's invasion of United States. Although not a playable unit, a number of SPD officers can be seen in the opening cutscene, engaging Red Army troopers and evacuating civilians.

In the television show Criminal Minds, the department along with the FBI helped solved recent kidnappings and a murder.

The AMC series The Killing stars Mireille Enos as Sarah Linden, a lead Seattle Police homicide detective. Although many exterior shots show Seattle landmarks the series is filmed in Vancouver, British Columbia.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.justice.gov/crt/about/spl/documents/spd_findletter_12-16-11.pdf
  2. ^ Redirect - Seattle Police Department
  3. ^ "About SPD". Retrieved December 18, 2011. 
  4. ^ "Officer down". The Officer Down Memorial Page. 
  5. ^ SPD officer suspended for escalating confrontation, excessive force, by Steve Miletich, 10 September 2013, Seattle Times
  6. ^ Former Boston Police Commissioner Kathleen O'Toole picked to run Seattle Police Department (SeattlePI.com article)
  7. ^ "Title 9.050 – Uniforms & Equipment". Seattle Police Department: Policy and Procedure Manual (PDF). Seattle Police Department. July 22, 2011. Section XI. Insignia of Rank (B), pp.7–8. 
  8. ^ West CPT Team - Seattle Police Department
  9. ^ In Memoriam - Seattle Police Department
  10. ^ a b LEBA
  11. ^ Casey McNerthney (June 27, 2012). "After nearly 50 years, Seattle cop still on patrol". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. 
  12. ^ Rick Anderson (January 12, 1999). "Protesters riot, police riot". Seattle Weekly. Retrieved December 6, 2009. 
  13. ^ Steve Miletich (October 17, 2010). John T. Williams: Dashboard Video of SPD Shooting. 
  14. ^ Steve Miletich (October 5, 2010). "Woodcarver was shot four times in his side by officer, autopsy shows". Seattle Times. Retrieved December 9, 2011. 
  15. ^ "Autopsy report (PDF) on John T. Williams' wounds". Seattle Times. October 5, 2010. Retrieved December 9, 2011. 
  16. ^ Steve Miletich; Jennifer Sullivan (January 12, 20110). "Inquest jurors split over Seattle police shooting". Seattle Times. Retrieved February 16, 2011. 
  17. ^ Casey McNerthney (February 24, 2011). "Mayor: Sunday to be 'John T. Williams Day' in Seattle". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. 
  18. ^ "http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/localnews/2014247487_apwaseattlepoliceshooting7thld.html". Seattle Times. February 16, 2011. 
  19. ^ "Seattle Cops Stomp On Detainee". kirotv.com. KIRO-TV. May 7, 2010. Retrieved December 13, 2011. 
  20. ^ Jonah Spangenthal-Lee (May 7, 2010). "I’m going to beat the fucking Mexican piss out of you, homey! You feel me?". PubliCola. Retrieved December 13, 2011. 
  21. ^ Blogger
  22. ^ Kirk Johnson (28 July 2012). "Washington; Federal Settlement Is Reached With Seattle Police". New York Times. 
  23. ^ SPD officer suspended for escalating confrontation, excessive force; Police chief’s discipline addresses the type of issues raised by the Department of Justice when it found Seattle officers too often resort to excessive force, by Steve Miletich, 10 September 2013, Seattle Times
  24. ^ PD fires high-ranking officer with troubled history; Donnie Lowe, a veteran Seattle Police officer with a troubled history, was fired on Friday, by Mike Carter, 13 July 2013, Seattle Times
  25. ^ ad Cop Gets "Punished" with Day Off; SPD Says Officer's "Completely Unprofessional" Threats Against Me—Caught on Tape—Deserve a Relaxing One-Day Suspension, by Dominic Holden, 15 January 2014, The Stranger
  26. ^ Hostile Policing by Dominic Holden - Seattle News - The Stranger, Seattle's Only Newspaper
  27. ^ City to pay $38,500 to two brothers who accused SPD officer of vendetta, by Steve Miletich 6 August 2013, Seattle Times
  28. ^ Seattle detective gets 90 days for cyberstalking, by the Associated Press, 8 January 2014, Seattle Times
  29. ^ Page Not Available

External links[edit]