Sebastes chrysomelas, commonly known as the black-and-yellow rockfish, is a marine fish species of the familySebastidae. It is found in rocky areas in the Pacific off California and Baja California. Although it is similar in appearance to the China rockfish, it lacks the China's long yellow streak. Its distribution is also more to the south than the China.
The black-and-yellow rockfish has speckles that are similar to the China rockfish, but lacks the long yellow streak starting at the foredorsal fin curves.