Sebastia, Nablus

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Sebastia
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic سبسطية
 • Also spelled Sabastiya (official)
Sebaste (unofficial)
Sebastia vill.jpg
Sebastia is located in the Palestinian territories
Sebastia
Sebastia
Location of Sebastia within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 32°16′34″N 35°11′43″E / 32.27611°N 35.19528°E / 32.27611; 35.19528Coordinates: 32°16′34″N 35°11′43″E / 32.27611°N 35.19528°E / 32.27611; 35.19528
Governorate Nablus
Government
 • Type Municipality (from 1997)
 • Head of Municipality Ma’amun Harun Kayed[1]
Area
 • Jurisdiction 4,810 dunams (4.8 km2 or 1.9 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Jurisdiction 4,114

Sebastia (Arabic: سبسطية‎, Sabastiya; Greek: Σεβαστη, Sebastē Latin: Sebaste) is a Palestinian village of over 4,500 inhabitants,[2] located in the Nablus Governorate of the West Bank some 12 kilometers northwest of the city of Nablus.[3] The village's total area is 4,810 dunums, the built up area of which comprises 150 dunums. Much of the village lands (42%) are located in Area C under the Oslo Accords.[4]

History and archaeology[edit]

Sebastia is home to a number of important archaeological sites.[5] The ancient site of Samaria-Sebaste is located just above the built up area of the modern day village on the eastern slope of the hill.[6] The ruins dominate the hillside and comprise remains from six successive cultures dating back 10,000 years: Canaanite, Israelite, Hellenistic, Herodian, Roman and Byzantine.[7]

The city was destroyed by Alexander the Great in 331 BCE, and was destroyed again by John Hyrcanus in 108 BCE.[8] Pompey rebuilt the town in the year 63 BCE. In 27 BCE, Augustus Caesar gave it to Herod the Great. Herod expanded and renovated the city, and named it "Sebaste", meaning "Augustus", in the Emperor's honor.[8] Herod the Great had his sons Alexander and Aristobulus brought to Sebaste, and strangled in 7 BCE after a trial in Berytus and getting permission from Caesar.[9]

Sebastia was the seat of a bishop in the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem. It is mentioned in the writings of Yaqut al-Hamawi (1179–1229), the Syrian geographer, who situates it as part of the Filastin Province of Jerusalem, located two days from that city, in the Nablus District. He also writes, "There are here the tombs of Zakariyyah and Yahya, the son of Zakariyyah (John the Baptist), and of many other prophets and holy men."[10]

In modern-day Sebastia, the village's main mosque, known as the Nabi Yahya Mosque, stands within the remains of a Crusader cathedral that is believed to be built upon the tombs of the prophets Elisha, Obediah and John the Baptist beside the public square.[6][11] There are also Roman royal tombs,[5] and a few medieval and many Ottoman era buildings which survive in a good state of preservation.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Municipalities Nablus Municipality
  2. ^ 2007 PCBS Census. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.110.
  3. ^ "Nablus". Retrieved 2007-09-14. 
  4. ^ "Shavei Shomron's buffer zone legalized by Israel's supreme court". Applied Research Institute Jerusalem. 1 July 2006. Retrieved 2007-09-15. 
  5. ^ a b United Nations Development Programme (23 April 2003). "Spain helps restore Sebastia, Palestinian town with historic sites". United Nations. Retrieved 2007-09-14. [dead link]
  6. ^ a b c Michael Hamilton Burgoyne and Mahmoud Hawari (May 19, 2005). "Bayt al-Hawwari, a hawsh House in Sabastiya". Levant (Council for British Research in the Levant, London) 37: 57–80. Retrieved 2007-09-14. 
  7. ^ "Holy Land Blues". Al-Ahram Weekly. 11 January 2006. Retrieved 2007-09-14. 
  8. ^ a b Sebaste, Holy Land Atlas Travel and Tourism Agency.
  9. ^ Josephus Flavius Antiquities book 16 chapter 11 para 7
  10. ^ LeStrange, 1890, p. 522.
  11. ^ Pringle, 1998, pp. 283 -290

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]