Sebring International Raceway

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sebring International Raceway
Sebring logo.png
Sebring satellite.png
Location Highlands County, east of Sebring, Florida, USA
Time zone UTC -5 (UTC-4 DST)
Capacity open seating without capacity limitation
Owner Panoz Motor Sports Group
Operator Panoz Motor Sports Group
Opened 1950
Major events United SportsCar Championship
12 Hours of Sebring
GP Road Course (6th variation) (1999-present)
Surface Asphalt/Concrete
Length 3.74 mi (6.02 km)
Turns 17
Lap record 1:43.886[1] (Marcel Fässler, Audi Sport Team Joest, 2013, LMP1)
Club Road Course
Length 1.7 mi (2.74 km)
5th variation (1991-1998)
Length 3.724 mi (5.99 km)
Turns 18
Lap record 1:49.425 (Stefan Johansson, Yannick Dalmas, Ferrari, 1997, LMP1)
4th variation (1987-1990)
Length 4.109 mi (6.612 km)
Turns 17
Lap record 1:55.767 (Derek Daly, Nissan, 1990, IMSA)
3rd variation (1983-1986)
Length 4.80 mi (7.821 km)
Turns 17
Lap record 2:11.416 (Ken Madren, March, 1986, IMSA)
2nd variation (1967-1982)
Length 5.382 mi (8.36 km)
Turns 17
Lap record 2:27.067 (Bobby Rahal, March, 1982, IMSA)
1st variation (1952-1966)
Length 5.38 mi (8.356 km)
Turns 17
Lap record 2:54.6 (Dan Gurney, Ford, 1966, WSC)

Sebring International Raceway is a road course auto racing facility located near Sebring, Florida.

Sebring (pronounced "sea bring") Raceway is one of the oldest continuously-operating race tracks in the United States, its first race being run in 1950. Sebring is one of the classic race tracks in North American sports car racing[citation needed], and plays host to the 12 Hours of Sebring, one of the legs of the unofficial triple crown of endurance racing.

The raceway occupies a portion of Sebring Regional Airport, an active airport for private and commercial traffic that was originally built as Hendricks Army Airfield, a World War II training base for the U.S. Army Air Forces.

History[edit]

Sebring started life as a United States Army Air Forces training base. From 1941 to 1946, pilots learned to fly the B-17 Flying Fortress. This lineage was commemorated by a special livery on Gunnar Racing's Panoz in the 2002 12 Hours of Sebring resembling a World War II-era B-17.[2]

After the war, aeronautical engineer Alec Ulmann,[3] seeking sites to restore military aircraft for civilian use, saw potential in Hendricks' runways to stage a sports car endurance race, similar to the 24 Hours of Le Mans. Sebring's first race was held on New Year's Eve of 1950. The Sam Collier 6 Hour Memorial race was won by Fritz Koster and Ralph Deshon in a Crosley Hot Shot that had been driven to the track by Victor Sharpe. This first race attracted thirty racecars from across North America.[4]

The first 12 Hours of Sebring was held on March 15, 1952, and the event would grow to become a major international race. In 1959, the racetrack hosted the first Formula One Grand Prix in the United States. Due to the poor attendance and high costs, the next United States Grand Prix was held at Riverside.[5]

Press box

For much of Sebring's history, the track followed a 5.2 miles (8.4 km) layout. In 1967, the Webster Turn between the hairpin and the top of the track was removed and replaced with the faster Green Park Chicane, which was closer to the hairpin and allowed a flat-out run through a very fast corner to the top of the track and the runway; this made the circuit 50 yards longer. The circuit was also widened. Many of these changes were prompted by the 1966 12 Hours where 5 people were killed during the race. Another dangerous section was the Warehouse straight; after a crash where a Porsche went into one of the warehouses and into a crowd, the organizers installed a chicane to move the Warehouse straight further away from the warehouses and buildings. In 1983, the track was changed to allow simultaneous use of the track and one of the runways. In 1987, more changes allowed use of another runway. Further changes in 1991 accommodated expansion of the airport's facilities, and brought the track close to its current configuration. The entire track could now be used without interfering with normal airport operations. In 1997, the hairpin was removed due to a lack of run-off, and replaced with what became known as the "safety pin". Gendebien Bend was also re-profiled to slow the cars' entry to the Ullman straight.[6]

Final Hours of Sebring 2011

The track is currently leased by the Panoz Motor Sports Group, who acquired the facility from Andy Evans in 1997.[7]

The track is currently owned by NASCAR via its purchase of the Panoz MSG in September of 2012 [8]

The track is often recognized for its famous, high-speed "Turn 17", a long, bumpy, fast right hander that can make or break a car's speed down the front straight. The corner can fit up to 3 cars wide.

Skip Barber Racing School holds numerous programs at the facility, including a Scholarship opportunity for young racers.

Track configuration[edit]

Track map.

Sebring International Raceway consist of three tracks: the Full Circuit, the Short Circuit, and the Club Circuit. The course of the track itself is 3.74 miles (6.02 km) long. It is a seventeen-turn road course with long straights, several high-speed corners, and very technical slower corners. Many of the turns and points along the track are named for the early teams and drivers. There is very little elevation change around the track and little camber on the surface, providing a challenging track for drivers, especially when it rains.

The track layout from 1952 to 1966 (1st variation). Length: 5.38 mi (8.356 km) Lap record: Dan Gurney, Ford GT40, 2:54.6, 1966

Sebring is renowned for its rough surface. The course still runs on old sections of World War II-era landing fields that were constructed of concrete sections with large seams. The transitions between sections are quite rough and often, sparks fly from the undercarriages of the cars as they traverse them. Much of the track has intentionally been left with its original concrete runway surface. The track surface has 3.04 miles (4.89 km) of asphalt and 0.7 miles (1.1 km) of concrete. Mario Andretti, a 3-time 12 Hours winner, said that one of the hardest parts about the original Sebring track was finding the track to begin with! There had been many accounts of drivers retiring due to accidents at night, quite simply because they got lost on the runway sections and couldn't find the track again. Some drivers got lost even during the day, mostly because the track was poorly marked down with white lines and cones.[9]

Events[edit]

Sebring is most notable for hosting the 12 Hours of Sebring, sanctioned by the FIA and IMSA, as part of many major endurance racing series, including the World Sportscar Championship, Intercontinental Le Mans Cup, ALMS, and now, the TUDOR United SportsCar Championship. The track also hosts the Legends of Motorsport and Historic Sportscar Racing series, and is the winter home of the Skip Barber Racing School. Many IndyCar, sports prototype, and Grand Touring teams use Sebring for winter testing due to the warm climate.

Audi R15 at Sebring 2011

Sebring in pop culture[edit]

Sebring Raceway is featured in the video games iRacing, Forza Motorsport 2, Forza Motorsport 3, Forza Motorsport 4, Forza Motorsport 5, Total Immersion Racing, and Sports Car GT. There are also end-user created versions for GTR2, GTR Evolution, GT Legends, rFactor, Grand Prix Legends and NASCAR Racing 2003 Season. In board gaming, Sebring was also featured in the first expansion for the Formula D board game by Asmodee games.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 27°27′17″N 81°20′54″W / 27.454741°N 81.348267°W / 27.454741; -81.348267